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Bean, Theodore W. The History of Montgomery County.
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______. Washington at Valley Forge One Hundred Years Ago, or, The
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Bestor, Arthur Eugene, Jr. Backwoods Utopias: The Sectarian and
Owenite Phases of Communitarian Socialism in America,
16631829. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press,
Blanco, Richard L. The War of the American Revolution: A Selected
Bibliography of Published Sources. New York: Garland, 1984.
Bodle, Wayne K., and Jacqueline Thibaut. Valley Forge Report 3
vols. Valley Forge, Pa.: Valley Forge National Historical Park,
Vol. 1: The Vortex of Small Fortunes: The Continental Army at
Valley Forge, 17771778, by Wayne K. Bodle.
Vol. 2: The Fatal Crisis: Logistics and the Continental Army at
Valley Forge, 17771778, by Jacqueline Thibaut.
Vol. 3: In the True Rustic Order: Historic Resource Study and
Historical Base Maps of the Valley Forge Encampment, 17771778,
by Jacqueline Thibaut.
Brooke, Francis M. To the Senators and Representatives of the
Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 22 February 1897. Valley Forge,
Brown, Henry Armitt Valley Forge Oration of Henry Armitt
Brown, Philadelphia: Press of Loughhead & Co., 1895.
Brumbaugh George Edwin. "Report to the Valley Forge Park Commission
on the Col. William Dewees Mansion, Valley Forge." Picket Post,
January 1950, pp. 1118.
Burk, Eleanor H. S In the Beginning at Valley Forge and the
Washington Memorial Cathedral. North Wales, Pa.: Norman B. Nuss,
Burke, W. Herbert. "The American Westminster." DAR Magazine 42
(December 1923), 784787.
______. Historical and Topographical Guide to Valley Forge.
Norristown Pa., 1906. Also published in 1920 and 1928 by Norman B. Nuss
(North Wales, Pa.).
______. Making a Museum: The Confessions of a Curator. N. p.,
______. The Valley Forge Address of Theodore Roosevelt.
Norristown, Pa., 1909.
______. "Valley Forge: Its Past, Present, and Future." In
Historical Sketches: A Collection of Papers Prepared for the
Historical Society of Montgomery County. Vol. 4, pp. 235247.
>Norristown Pa., 1910.
______. Washington at Valley Forge: A Drama. N p , 1905.
"Camp Huts Rising Again on Historic Winter Encampment as Restoration
Work Goes On." Picket Post, July 1947, pp. 2829.
Carraway, Gertrude. "Valley Forge Bell Tower Cornerstone Relaid."
DAR Magazine 84 (August 1950), 652653.
Carson, Hampton L. "The Life and Services of Samuel W. Pennypacker"
Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 41 (1917),
Ceremonies at the Dedication of the Equestrian Monument of
Major-General Anthony Wayne Erected by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
on the Revolutionary Campground at Valley Forge, 20 June 1908.
Harrisburg, Pa.: Harrisburg Publishing Co., State Printer, 1909.
Collins, F. A. "Valley Forge Memorial Park." Outlook, April
11, 1917, pp. 655657
Custis, George Washington Parke. Recollections and Private Memoirs
of George Washington by His Adopted Son. New York: Derby &
"Daughters of the American Revolution Campaign for Thanksgiving Tower
Is Nearing the Goal Fixed at $100,000." Picket Post, April 1947,
"Daughters of the American Revolution Go Forward in Plans to Build
Bell Tower for Valley Forge." Picket Post, July 1946, pp.
"Demolition of Original Chapel and Teddy Roosevelt Letters Link
Memories of Great Memorial." Picket Post, January 1948, pp.
Dodd, John Bruce. Classified Structure Field Inventory Reports
(unless otherwise noted, all published in 1979 by Valley Forge National
Fort Mordecai Moore
Group III Replicas of Soldiers' Huts
Mount Joy Redan
Observation Tower (1978)
Dodd, John Bruce, and Cherry Dodd. Historic
Structure Reports (all published in 1981 by Valley Forge National
The Philander Knox Estate
Dryanski, G. U. "What Happened to the Forge at Valley Forge?"
Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine, July 22, 1962, pp. 45.
Eastwood-Siebold, Lloyd. "A New Day Is Dawning." Picket Post,
October 1950, p. 4.
Environmental Assessment Draft General Management Plan.
Denver, Colo. Denver Service Center, U.S. Department of the Interior,
National Park Service, June 1980.
Ewing, William Cox. "Valley Forge Revisited." In George Ewing:
Gentleman and Soldier of Valley Forge. Edited by Thomas Ewing.
Yonkers, N.Y., 1928.
Four Years of Work for Freedom, 19491953. Valley Forge,
Pa.: Freedoms Foundation, August 31, 1953.
George, Douglas C. Archaeological Collection Management at Valley
Forge. Philadelphia: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park
Hart, John Robbins. Valley Forge During World War II. New
York: American Historical Co., 1944.
Hocker, Edward W. "Valley Forge as a National Park." Outlook,
April 6, 1901, pp. 787790.
Hosmer, Charles B., Jr. Preservation Comes of Age: From
Williamsburg to the National Trust, 19261949. 2 vols.
Charlottesville, Va.: Preservation Press, 1981.
Huxtable, Ada Louise. "Inventing American Reality." New York
Review of Books, December 3, 1992, pp. 2429.
Jackson, John W. Pinnacle of Courage. Gettysburg, Pa.: Thomas
James, Mrs. (Isabella) Thomas Potts. Memorial of Thomas Potts.
Cambridge, Mass., 1874.
Johnson, Clifton. "Midwinter at Valley Forge." Women's Home
Companion, January 1902, pp. 910, 44.
Jones, Gilbert. "Commissioners Urge Restoration of Valley Forge
Encampment." Picket Post, July 1944, pp. 1114.
______. "Future May Learn from the Past." Picket Post, October
1944, p. 2.
_______ "People's Mandate to Restore the Valley Forge Encampment
Urged by Park Commissioners." Picket Post, April 1946, pp.
Kammen, Michael. Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of
Tradition in American Culture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.
_______. A Season of Youth: The American Revolution and the
Historical Imagination. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1978.
The Kennedy-Supplee Mansion. Wayne, Pa.: Middle States
Preservation, December 1986.
Kurtz, James. Archaeological Inventory and Assessment: The Western
Portion. Washington, D.C.:
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic
Regional Office, 1990.
Lossing, Benson J. Washington: A Biography. New York: Virtue
Emmens & Co., 1860.
Lowenthal David. The Past Is a Foreign Country. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Marling, Karal Ann. George Washington Slept Here: Colonial
Revivals and American Culture, 18761986. Cambridge, Mass.:
Harvard University Press, 1988.
McInnes, Mary T. History of the Valley Forge Chapter, National
Society, Daughters of the American Revolution. N.p., 1944.
"Mementos of Freedom." Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine,
December 8, 1963, pp. 67.
"Memorial Tower Fund of DAR over $60,000." Picket Post,
January 1947, p. 41.
"Message from the President." Valley Forge Journal, June 1982,
Mitchell, Judith. "Ann Pamela Cunningham and Mount Vernon: A Southern
Matron's Legacy." Paper presented at the Fifteenth Annual Conference of
the National Council on Public History, Valley Forge, Pa., April 29-May
Mooney-Melvin, Patricia. "Harnessing the Romance of the Past:
Preservation, Tourism, and History." The Public Historian 13
(Spring 1991), 3548.
Moritzen, Julius. "Valley Forge and the Nation." Harper's
Weekly, June 22, 1901, pp. 628629.
"National Carillon to Be Housed in Tower Provided by Funds Obtained
by Daughters of American Revolution." Picket Post, July 1947, p.
"New Post Office at Valley Forge Dedicated" Picket Post,
October 1964, pp. 1819, 29.
Newton, A. Edward. "Change Cars in Paoli." In The Greatest Book in
the World and Other Papers. New York: Little, Brown & Co.,
1990: The Year in Review. Valley Forge, Pa.: Freedoms
"Notes and Queries." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and
Biography 18 (1894), 384.
"Only Gradual Changes at the Park." Picket Post, 4th quarter
1976, pp. 2122.
Parrington, Michael, Helen Schenck, and Jacqueline Thibaut. "The
Material World of the Revolutionary Soldier at Valley Forge." In The
Scope of Historical Archaeology: Essays in Honor of John L. Cotter.
Edited by David G. Orr and Daniel G. Crozier. Philadelphia: Temple
University Department of Anthropology, 1984.
Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, and Gilboy, Stauffer
& Giombetti, Stibinski & Davies, Architects, Planners, and
Engineers. A Master Plan for Valley Forge State Park. Harrisburg,
Pa., April 20, 1975.
Pennypacker, Israel R. Address of Israel R. Pennypacker Made
Before Pennsylvania Society and New York Color Guard Sons of the
Revolution at Valley Forge, June> 7, 1930. Philadelphia: John T.
Palmer Co., 1930.
______. The Burned Valley Forge: Judge Koch's Report and the
Evidence Contrary to Its Conclusions. N.p., 1929.
______. "Valley Forge." American Mercury Magazine, March 7,
1926, pp. 341345.
______. The Valley Forge Burned by the British Troops, September
1777, and an Analysis of the Myers Report. N.p., 1929.
Perrine, William "Washington's Christmas at Valley Forge." Ladies'
Home Journal, December 1898, p. 7
Pinkowsky, Edward. Washington's Officers Slept Here.
Philadelphia: Sunshine Press, 1953.
Powell, Barbara McDonald. "The Most Celebrated Encampment: Valley
Forge in American Culture, 17771983." Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell
Proceedings on the Occasion of the Centennial Celebration of the
Occupation of Valley Forge by the Continental Army Under George
Washington, June 1878. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co.,
"Question Box." Picket Post, April 1964, October 1964, January
1965, and July 1971.
Raphael, Toby. "An American Treasure Preserved." Picket Post,
2nd quarter 1979, pp. 1118.
Reed, John F. "Dedication at Valley Forge." Picket Post,
January 1968, pp. 2627.
______. Valley Forge: Crucible of Victory. Monmouth Beach,
N.J.: Philip Freneau Press, 1969.
______. "Vision at Valley Forge." Bulletin of the Montgomery
County Historical Society 15 (Fall 1966), 28.
Reeves, Enos. "Extracts from the Letter-Books of Lieutenant Enos
Reeves." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography
Report from Valley Forge, 40th Anniversary Edition. Valley
Forge, Pa.: Freedoms Foundation, 1989.
Rhoads, Anne F., Douglas Ryan, and Ella W Aderman. Land Use Study
of Valley Forge National Historical Park. Valley Forge, Pa.: Valley
Forge National Historical Park, 1989.
Richardson, W. H. "Valley Forge." New England Magazine 23
(February 1901), 597608.
Roshong, Margaret D. "Sheas Family Association with Valley Forge."
Picket Post, July 1967, pp. 3436.
Ross, Howard DeHaven. History of the DeHaven Family. New York:
Pandick Press, 1929.
Sayen, William H. "Valley Forge Park." Bulletin of the Montgomery
County Historical Society 21 (Fall 1978), 205237.
Schenck, Helen. "Archaeological Prospecting at Valley Forge."
Journal of the Museum of Applied Science Center for Archaeology,
December 1978, pp. 1617.
______. "The Upper Forge at Valley Forge." Report done for the
Museum of Applied Science Center for Archaeology (MASCA), November
Schmerhorn, Frank E. "Ode to the Last Log of a Soldier's Hut."
Picket Post, April 1947, p. 43.
______. "Roof-Log from a Hut at Valley Forge." Picket Post,
April 1948, p. 23.
Seiders, J. F. Thirty Ancestors of Richard Henry Koch.
Pottsville, Pa. , 1939.
Sheas, Jerome. "The Forges at Valley Forge." Picket Post, July
1944, pp. 36.
Slocum, Stephen Elmer. "The American Westminster." The Mentor
13 (October 1925), 4548.
"Society Museum Must Present Drama, Not Cabinet of Curios or
Castoffs." Picket Post, January 1945, p. 9.
"Society's Stolen Artifacts Recovered by Police." Picket Post,
3rd quarter 1977, pp. 1820, 39.
Sons of the American Revolution, Portland, Maine, Society. Maine
at Valley Forge. N p., 1908.
Stager, H. J. History of the Centennial and Memorial Association
of Valley Forge. N.p., 1911.
Stephens, Emily D. The Story of the Eviction of the Stephens
Family: or, Tyrannic Rule at Valley Forge. Norristown Pa. N.p.,
Stephens, William M. "Burial Places of the Soldiers at Valley Forge."
Bulletin of the Montgomery County Historical Society 3 (April
Stone, George Wheeler. "The Mount Joy Forge on Valley Creek." In
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Cotter. Edited by David G. Orr and Daniel G. Crozier. Philadelphia:
Temple University Department of Anthropology, 1984.
"Sullivans Bridge Monument." In Historical Sketches: A Collection
of Papers Prepared for the Historical Society of Montgomery County,
Pennsylvania. Vol. 4, pp. 3144. Norristown, Pa.: The
"Tom Thumb's Family Sees Midget's Piano." Picket Post, October
1947, p. 22.
Trussell, John B. B. , Jr., Birthplace of an Army: A Story of the
Valley Forge Encampment. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and
Museum Commission, 1983. Originally published in 1976.
"U.S. Carrier Goes into Commission with Mementos of the Historic
Winter Encampment." Picket Post, January 1947, pp.
U.S. Congress. House of Representatives. Subcommittee on National
Parks and Recreation of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.
Hearings on HR 2257, HR 5621, and HR 7989. 94th Congress, 1st
Session, September 29, 1975.
Unrau, Harlan D. Administrative History of Valley Forge National
Historical Park. Denver, Colo. Denver Service Center, U.S.
Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1984.
"Valley Forge Historical Society Exhibit Opened July 4 1984."
Valley Forge Journal, December 1984, pp. 146148.
"The Valley Forge Library." Picket Post, February 1962, pp.
Valley Forge National Historical Park. Interpretive
Prospectus. Valley Forge, Pa.: Valley Forge National Historical
Park, February 15, 1982.
Valley Forge Park Commission. Reports for various years:
Report . . . December 17, 1896.
Report . . . December 27, 1900.
Report . . . December 16, 1902.
Report . . . 1904.
Report . . . 1906.
Report . . . 1908.
Report . . . 1910.
Report . . . 1912.
Report . . . December 30, 1916.
Twelfth Biennial Report . . . March 1, 1919.
Report . . . 30 August 1927 to 1 June 1929.
Report . . . 19311935.
Report . . . 26 July 1939 to 1 January 1943.
Report . . . January 1943 to January 1947.
Report . . . January 1947 to January 1951.
"The Valley Forge Reservation." In Historical Sketches: A
Collection of Papers Prepared for the Historical Society of Montgomery
County, Pennsylvania. Vol. 5, pp. 369-381. Norristown, Pa.,
Varnum's Quarters Is a Fine Work of Restoration." Picket Post,
October 1945, pp. 2526.
Wallace, Michael. "Visiting the Past: History Museums in the United
States." Radical History Review 25(1981), 6396.
Walter, Greg. "Snow Job at Valley Forge." Philadelphia
Magazine, February 1968, pp. 7175, 148154.
Washington, George. The Diaries of George Washington. Edited
by Donald Jackson and Dorothy Twohig. Vol. 5. Charlottesville:
University Press of Virginia, 1979.
______. The Writings of George Washington from the Original
Manuscript Sources, 17451799. Edited by John C. Fitzpatrick.
Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 19311944.
Webster, Daniel. The Works of Daniel Webster. Vol. 2. Boston:
Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1851.
Weygandt, Cornelius. The Blue Hills. New York: Henry Holt
& Co., 1936.
Wildes, Harry Emerson. Valley Forge. New York: Macmillan,
Williams, Edgar "That Log Cabin at Valley Forge." Philadelphia
Inquirer Magazine, June 14, 1959, pp. 67
Wistar, Owen. Lady Baltimore. New York: Macmillan, 1906.
Woodman, Henry. The History of Valley Forge. Oaks, Pa.: John
Francis Sr., 1921. Letters originally published in 1850.
Primary Source Material Collections
Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, Pa.:
Clipping Files. (There is a separate section for Valley Forge. See
Valley Forge Centennial and Memorial Association Proceedings,
Valley Forge Miscellaneous File (Several unnumbered boxes in the
vault, items are in alphabetical order).
Defenders' Gate, Valley Forge, Pa. Washington Memorial Chapel Parish
Files. (Items are presently in unmarked boxes in the cellar.)
Freedoms Foundation, Valley Forge, Pa. Freedoms Foundation Archives.
(Items consisting of reports, ephemera, and correspondence were pulled
for me by the librarian. Materials were not organized in named
collections except for Ken Wells's correspondence, which was in boxes
marked as such.)
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa.:
John Fanning Watson, "Trip to Valley Forge and the Camp Hills," July
Nicholson Scrapbooks, Oberholtzer Papers. Society Collection.
Montgomery County Historical Society, Norristown Pa. Newspaper
National Park Service, Mid-Atlantic Regional Office, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Pa. Records of the Valley
Forge Park Commission. Record Group 46. (There are minute books on
microfilm, and loose correspondence that is divided into "general
correspondence" and "commission correspondence.")
University of Pennsylvania Archives, Philadelphia, Pa. Charles Custis
Valley Forge Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution,
Norristown Pa. Minutes of the Organization.
Valley Forge Historical Society, Valley Forge, Pa.:
Curator's Archives. (Materials are kept in separate file cabinets
relating to items in the museum collections.)
General Files. (A file cabinet in the basement, contents in no
Litigation Papers. (Separate boxes holding materials relating to the
recent litigation with Washington Memorial Chapel.)
Minutes of the Organization.
Valley Forge National Historical Park (VFNHP), Valley Forge, Pa.:
Horace Willcox Memorial Library, Vertical Files.
Record Group 2.
John Reed Collection, Record Group 10.
Francis M. Brooke Collection, Record Group 12.
Records of the Valley Forge Park Commission, Record Group 46.
(Minutes of the organization are kept on microfilm, duplicating what
exists in Harrisburg.) Archives. (The term "Archive" refers to inactive
files kept on the second floor at Administrative Headquarters. At some
point, these will be archived.)
Winterthur Museum and Gardens, Wilmington, Del. George Edwin Brumbaugh
Chester County Historical Society Newspaper
The following Philadelphia-area newspapers have articles about Valley
Forge. Clippings were made by the Chester County Historical Society and
are retained in their files.
American Republican, 18521903.
The Archive, 1949-1951.
The Casket, 1830.
Coatesville Record, 19051936.
Daily Local News, 18731972.
Daily Republican, 19161967.
Kansas City Star, 1951.
North American, 1902.
Philadelphia Bulletin, 19041936.|
Philadelphia Inquirer, 1928.
Philadelphia Press, 18951908.
Philadelphia Public Ledger, 19041928.
Philadelphia Record, 1909-1911.
Philadelphia Times, 1878.
Phoenixville Messenger, 1882.
Spring City Reporter, 1915.
Village Record, 18821909.
Valley Forge National Historical Park
Newspaper Clipping Files
The following newspapers contained information about Valley Forge.
Clippings were collected by the staff at Valley Forge Park. Information
is available in the park's scrapbooks, filed in Record Group 2.
Philadelphia Bulletin, 19701974.
Philadelphia Inquirer, 1969-1980.
Suburban and Wayne Times, 1972.|
Today's Post, 1971.
Other Newspapers Consulted
New York Herald Tribune, 1947.
New York Times, 1990
Norristown Times Herald, 18961976.
Philadelphia Inquirer, 1992.|
Suburban and Wayne Times, 1989.
Washington Chapel Chronicles. 19081920. (Actually the
Washington Memorial Chapel parish newsletter. Copies are available at
Horace Willcox Memorial Library at Valley Forge National Historical
Beach, Warren D. (Denny). Superintendent at Valley Forge National
Historical Park. August 3, 1992.
Boyle, Joseph Lee. Historian at Valley Forge National Historical
Park. April 14, 1993, and informal talks from 1990 to 1993.
Dodson, Bob. Chief of Interpretation at Valley Forge National
Historical Park. August 3, 1992.
Jones, Meade. President of Valley Forge Historical Society. August 7,
Kalbach, E. Scott. Chief Ranger at Valley Forge National Historical
Park. April 21, 1993.
Marshall-Dutcher, Joan. Historian at Valley Forge National Historical
Park. June 5, 1992, and informal talks from 1990 to 1993.
McGimsey, Tom. Historic architect at Valley Forge National Historical
Park. August 5, 1992.
Miller, Robert, Betty Miller, and Charles Hepburn. Respectively,
president of the Freedoms Foundation, his wife, and the foundation's
vice president. September 10, 1992.
Smith, Rev. Dr. Sheldon M. Retired rector at Washington Memorial
Chapel. June 24, 1992.
Stinson Rev Dr Richard. Rector at Washington Memorial Chapel. August
Wells, Richard. Formerly team captain of the Planning Team,
Mid-Atlantic / North Atlantic Team, Denver Service Center. April 22,