Chapter V: USS Arizona: The Management Experience
The primary goal of an action plan is to develop a
cultural resources management program for the USS ARIZONA battleship and
memorial structure. As a follow-up to the underwater surveys of the USS
ARIZONA and USS UTAH, the program should inform park managers on the
status and condition of the resources, provide a long-term plan to
protect and preserve the resources, and clarify specific objectives to
reach these goals. The action plan should be incorporated into the
overall Resources Management Plan for the park.
Lab analysis of metal sample from the ARIZONA's hull.
Analysis should determine amount of corrosion, contributing factors,
rate and corrosive nature of present condition. Will need to obtain
detailed engineer drawings for the USS ARIZONA, to determine original
hull thickness in various locations on the ship.
Need to develop proper procedures for removal and
transport of samples for analysis (e.g., underwater epoxy that will
"laminate" the metal sample prior to exposure to air/removal from
existing environment). Analyze sample in lab to determine the extent and
rate of corrosion.
Develop computer model of rate of corrosion. Project
life cycle if nothing is done. Identify point of "no return" after which
there would be no way to slow or stop the deterioration process.
Develop long-term plan for the continuous monitoring
of data collection stations. Schedule dives for continuous data
collection at USS ARIZONA photo stations.
Obtain and test equipment such as ultrasound, sonar
and hologram with outside organizational support. Determine hull
thickness, internal structural integrity, extent and location of
internal oil/fuel reserves and projected life of hull.
Finish survey for the Japanese mini-sub sunk by the
USS WARD. Document location and condition of submerged cultural
resources as well as areas surveyed and found to be void of such
Continue to monitor the memorial and dock, including
mooring chains, pilings and memorial structure.
Identify potential long and short-term effects/impact
on memorial and/or the USS ARIZONA.
Develop a computer map of the USS ARIZONA using data
collected from dive surveys. Develop a mapping technique that can
identify types of growth on the ship, and changes detected over time,
where corrosion rates are highest and other relevant factors. Note
deterioration and dates recorded. Photo document fabric/structural
Analyze preservation alternatives for original
mooring quays, temporary mooring quays added to the ship in 1942, chains
running from the ship to the dock and the flagstaff. Decide on
appropriate actions and develop plans to implement.
Develop position statement on the long-term
disposition of the USS ARIZONA salvage materials presently located on
Waipio Point. Work with U.S. Navy to implement and enforce the
Gary and I both believe that it is imperative to
determine the historically significant period of USS ARIZONA, then to
agree on what degree of preservation and monitoring the ship merits. We
also need to address the question of whether the actions we could take
will be more or less beneficial than allowing natural deterioration
processes to continue.
Last Updated: 27-Apr-2001