Tumacacori's Yesterdays
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     (Cover adapted from a water color by Jeanne R. Janish)
Brief chronology
Jesuit pioneering
The close of the Jesuit period
Tumacacori gains importance under Franciscans
This church
Mission without missionaries
And dust to dust
Tumacacori as a National Monument
The Treasure of Tumacacori


1 Detail map of Pimeria Alta missions
2 Vicinity map of Pimeria Alta
3 Map of areas in Pimeria Alta occupied by Indian tribes at the time of Father Kino
4 Tumacacori in 1944
5 Tumacacori facade in 1946 after some restoration
6 Valley of Santa Cruz River near Tumacacori
7 Pima and Papago Indians
8, 9 Pima gathering wild foods and corn farming
10, 11 Pima hunting and making of pottery and basketry
12 Father Kino says Mass in Tumacacori ramada in 1691
13 The country near the Dolores mission site, Sonora
14 Father Kino, an artist's conception
15 Father Kino on horseback, diorama in museum
16 Father Kino blessing Indians in 1699
17 The defense of Tubutama mission in 1751
18 The chapel in Jesuit times
19 Sale of Jesuit property by King's commissioners
20 Franciscans take over property in 1768
21 An Apache raid on Tumacacori
22 The Franciscan chapel about 1795
23 Building the present church
24 Spanish gentry of the early 1800's
25 Ground plan of Tumacacori mission
26 Tumacacori with a two-story bell tower
27 Side view of a two-story bell tower church
28 View of the mission model in the museum
29 Tumacacori ruined, about 1908
30 The famous High Mass diorama in the museum
31 Details of the Mass diorama
32 Cemetery wall with loophole and niche
33 Entrance to Tumacacori museum
34 Pool and fountain in the museum patio garden
35 Ground plan and sections through the church
36 The nave, looking toward the sanctuary
37 Restoration drawings of the pulpit and a side altar
38 Close-up view of the sanctuary
39 Spanish household items of the 1800's from Quiburi
40 Religious items from Quiburi
41 Mortuary chapel in the cemetery
42 Structures revealed by the 1934 excavations
43 1934 excavations southwest of the church
44 Artist's conception of the church with one-story bell tower
45, 46 San Xavier exterior and interior
47 Pitiquito
48 Oquitoa
49 Caborca
50 Cocospera
51 San Ignacio
52 Tubutama
53 Tumacacori—the padres' dream


by Earl Jackson

now Western National Parks Association
Santa Fe, New Mexico

U. S. Department of the Interior
National Park Service
Southwestern National Monuments
Santa Fe, New Mexico

This booklet is published by the Southwestern Monuments Association in keeping with one of its objectives, to provide accurate and authentic information about the Southwest.

Numbers of the Popular Series now in print are: (2) "Arizona's National Monuments," 1946; (3) "Poisonous Dwellers of the Desert," now in its fourth printing, 1951; (4) "Flowers of the Southwest Deserts," 1951; and (5) "Flowers of the Southwest Mesas," 1951.

A Technical Series will embody results of research accomplished by the staff and friends of Southwestern National Monuments. No. 1 was "Prehistory of El Rito de los Frijoles, Bandelier National Monument," 1940, now out of print. Other papers will follow.

Notification of publications by the Association will he given upon date of release to such persons or institutions as submit their names to the Executive Secretary for this purpose.

DALE STUART KING, Executive Secretary ALAN C. VEDDER, Treasurer


JOHN M. DAVIS, General Superintendent, Southwestern National Monuments, National Park Service, Santa Fe, New Mexico; Chairman.
HORACE M. ALBRIGHT, President, U. S. Potash Co., New York City.
DR. HAROLD S. COLTON, Director, Museum of Northern Arizona, Flagstaff, Arizona.
DR. EMIL W. HAURY, Head, Department of Anthropology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
REV. VICTOR R. STONER, Victoria, Texas.
DR. WALTER W. TAYLOR, JR., Santa Fe, New Mexico.

All scenic photographs taken by George Grant for the National Park Service unless otherwise indicated.

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Last Updated: 16-Apr-2007