Tumacacori's Yesterdays
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1691Father Kino first visits Tumacacori.
1701Tumacacori becomes a visita of Guevavi.
1751The Pima rebellion.
1752Presidio established at Tubac.
1757Reference to a Jesuit church at Tumacacori.
1767Expulsion of Jesuits from New Spain.
1768Franciscans placed in charge in Pimeria Alta.
1773Tumacacori becomes head mission for the district.
1776Apaches raid Tumacacori and cause much damage.
1786Viceroy Galvez introduces policy of appeasement toward Apaches.
1796A Tumacacori census.
1806Present church under construction.
1807Tumacacori lands increased to over 52,000 acres.
1821Mexico declares independence from Spain.
1822Present church now in use.
1827Tumacacori probably loses last resident priest.
1834Mexico requires secularization of missions.
1844Treasury department of Sonora sells Tumacacori as "abandoned" Pueblo lands.
1847Last church records by visiting priest.
1848Indians abandon Tumacacori and move to San Xavier.
1856Tubac becomes field headquarters for mining company.
1861Civil War starts, Tubac abandoned.
1863Arizona becomes part of Confederacy; becomes Arizona Territory, becomes part of the Union.
1886Surrender of Geronimo and official end of Apache wars.
1898Supreme Court declares Tumacacori lands public domain, hence open to homesteading.
1908Homesteader Carmen Mendez relinquishes parcel of land, and President Theodore Roosevelt proclaims Tumacacori National Monument.
1914Involved "Baca Float" controversy causes Supreme Court to invalidate homestead entries and government's title to Tumacacori.
1917Bouldin and Bailey families deed Tumacacori National Monument lands to government, thus clearing title.

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Last Updated: 10-Apr-2007