Theodore Roosevelt
Administrative History
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List of Figures and Tables


A note on other histories
Documentation in this paper
Notes to the Preface


Part 1: The Intent of the Government

1. The Creation of the Park

The badlands New Deal
Lemke's first proposal
The Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Compromise
Yellowstone turned upside down
Lemke's role in the creation of the park
Notes to Chapter 1

2. From Memorial Park to National Park

Planning the park
The effect of the memorial designation on the park's mission
The effect of the memorial designation on the park's development
Re-creating the park: The omnibus bill of 1978
Notes to Chapter 2

Part 2: A New Plains Economics: Energy Development and the Park

3. The Background of Energy Development

The Williston Basin
The labyrinth of leasing
The background of coal development
The background of oil and natural gas development
Other mineral development
Notes to Chapter 3

4. Slant Drilling for Oil Under the Park

Notes to Chapter 4

5. Aesthetic Management and the Quality of the Visitor Experience

The natural and historical scene
Notes to Chapter 5

6. Air Quality Management

Prevention of Significant Deterioration: PSD
Models and meteorology
The technical review and waiver
Coal leasing in the Fort Union Region
The most difficult resource to manage
Notes to Chapter 6

Part 3: Resource Management

7. Wilderness Designation

A first wilderness plan
How best to leave the land alone
The public hearings
Leading opinions
Refining the wilderness
Notes to Chapter 7

8. Terrestrial Research and Management

Fire management
Vegetation management
Geological research
Notes to Chapter 8

9. Wildlife Management

Reintroduced species
The missing animals
Other wildlife
Notes to Chapter 9

10. Cultural Resources Management

Before European contact
Historic sites and structures
Living history: Longhorns and feral horses
The ranching way of life
Notes to Chapter 10

Part 4: People in the Park

11. Recreation

Backcountry use
MISSION 66: The connecting parkway
Notes to Chapter 11

12. Interpretation

Facilities and the Interpretive Prospectus
Museum collection and exhibits
Personal services
Support services
Notes to Chapter 12


13. Living Up to One's Name


A. Chronology of Legislation and Executive Actions
B. Superintendents of Theodore Roosevelt National (Memorial) Park
C. Land Ownership
D. Park Statistics
E. Ambient Air Quality Standards
F. Olaus Murie at Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park

Figure 2.1. Land management and constraints, South Unit
Figure 2.2. Land management and constraints, Elkhorn Unit
Figure 2.3. Land management and constraints, North Unit
Figure 3.1. Location, Williston Basin
Figure 3.2. Major geologic features, Williston Basin
Figure 3.3. Oil traps
Figure 3.4. Annual crude oil production, North Dakota, 1951—1981
Figure 3.5. Total number of wells drilled annually, North Dakota, 1951—1981
Figure 3.6. North Dakota oil fields through 1980 with new discoveries made during 1981
Figure 3.7. Major structural features of the Williston Basin in western North Dakota and South Dakota, eastern Montana, and northeastern Wyoming
Figure 4.1. Protective lease stipulations, Theodore Roosevelt National Park, lease sale of 18 November 1974
Figure 4.2. Slant drilling at Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Table 5.1. Integral vistas associated with Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Table 6.1. Consumption of Class I sulfur dioxide PSD increment, Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Figure 6.1. Relationship of sulfur-dioxide increment-consuming sources to Theodore Roosevelt National Park ("Smokestack Triangle')
Figure 6.2. Fort Union Coal Region study area and tract locations
Table 9.1. Buffalo roundups, Theodore Roosevelt National Park, 1962—1985
Table 10.1. List of Classified Structures, Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Table 11.1. Visitation, Theodore Roosevelt National Park, 1948-1984

The Theodore Roosevelt Nature and History Association is a non-profit cooperating association whose purpose is to aid the educational, scientific, and research programs of the National Park System areas in North Dakota. Membership in the association is open to the public.

Copyright ©1986. Published by the Theodore Roosevelt Nature and History Association, P.O. Box 167, Medora, North Dakota 58645.

International Standard Book Number 0-9601652-3-1

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Last Updated: 15-Jan-2004