1. Wilderness Proposal: Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park (Washington, DC: NPS, 1970), 7. In 1956 an access road was bladed to Achenbach Spring to facilitate the installation of a dish tank. "North Unit District Ranger Monthly Narrative Report," memorandum, 3 December 1956 (THRO-S).
7. Arthur L. Sullivan (Supt., THRO) to Reg. Dir. (MWRO), memorandums, 6 April and 2 May 1969 (THRO-S); and J. Stanley Fillmore (Acting Supt., THRO) to Reg. Dir. (MWRO), memorandum of 31 July 1969 (THRO-S). See also Final Environmental Statement: Proposed Wilderness, Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park (Omaha: MWRO, 1973), 34.
16. "Transcript of Proceedings of Public Hearings on Park Wilderness Proposal, Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park, North Dakota," unpublished MS, December 1970 (THRO-A). Quote is from p. 60; Thompson's remarks from p. 19. See also pp. 39-46, 53, 56, 74-75, and 76-77.
18. For the attitude of stockmen that public domain land is "theirs," see Phillip O. Foss, Politics and Grass: The Administration of Grazing on the Public Domain (New York: Greenwood Press, 1969), 18. Originally published by the University of Washington Press, 1960.
20. Ibid., 70. In the draft of his remarks, Stenehjem had "agitator" in place of "man from Washington." Scott was the Wilderness Society's liaison to the Theodore Roosevelt wilderness planning process. See Ibid., 27-30, 30-33, 36, 47-48, 50-53, and 61-64.
340 favored enlarging the NPS proposal (74.4%);
A poll of the members of the Dickinson Chamber of Commerce produced this result:
47 favored the Wilderness Society's proposal (50.5%);
See, respectively, Wilderness Recommendation (1972), 29; Don Wanner (Dickinson Chamber of Commerce) to Hearing Officer (THRO), 6 January 1971 (THRO-A).
30. Ibid., 13-14. The buffer zone had been set aside to allow vehicles to enter the park for fence maintenance, but in 1970 it was decided to henceforward perform such tasks on foot or by horse access. Final Environmental Statement: Proposed Wilderness, 15.
33. Dan Davis (Chief, Public Affairs, MWRO) to John O. Lancaster (Supt., THRO), memorandum with draft letter and attached comments, 6 December 1972 (THRO-S). See also "Revised Statement of Significant Issues, Theodore Roosevelt Wilderness Proposal," unpublished MS, 27 February 1974 (THRO-S), 1.
34. Davis to Lancaster, 6 December 1972. MWRO wanted to present a united response and expressed "concern over revising [the] NPS position at this time." See also Robert D. Powell (Acting Supt., THRO) to Asst. Reg. Dir. (RMRO), memorandum, 28 February 1977 (THRO-A).
36. Lancaster to Joe Howe (no identification), memorandum, 27 February 1974 (THRO-S), 1. The rights were acquired on 12 September 1972, thus allowing seventy six hundred acres to be added to the proposal.
37. For dish tanks see Final Environmental Statement: Proposed Wilderness, 4; Charles A. Evans (U. S. Soil Conservation Service) to Volz, memorandum, 20 November 1972 (attached to the above, 40-41); Volz to James B. Thompson (Supt., THRO), memorandum, 25 May 1972; and Wilderness Recommendation (1972), 14. For weather modification, see Warren Fairchild (Bureau of Reclamation) to Volz, 21 November 1972 (attached to Final Environmental Statement: Proposed Wilderness, 38-39).
Last Updated: 15-Jan-2004