Arms of Spain over the sally port at Castillo de San Marcos.
11. MANIFEST DESTINY
Through the Treaty of 1819, Spain ceded Florida to
the United States in amicable settlement of disputes and
misunderstandings that had been rife for many years. The removal of
Spanish dominion clarified Florida boundary matters and put the United
States in a position to solve the remainder of the Florida problems.
More important, consolidation in the East meant freedom to meet the
challenge of the West.
The treaty was ratified in 1821 and on July 10 of
that year, East Florida was formally transferred to the United States
with a picturesque ceremony at the old castle. The memorandum of
procedure, as worked out by the U. S. Commissioner and the Spanish
Governor, is given below:
St. Augustine, July 6, 1821.
The Spanish troops (excepting the detachment left in
the fort) to be embarked on Monday, the 9th instant, ready to cross the
bar on the following day.
There will be a salute fired by the fort on Tuesday
morning, on hoisting the Spanish flag. During the disembarcation of the
American troops, the flag of the United States will be hoisted along
with the Spanish flag, when the fort will again fire a salute. The
American officer who delivers the flag to remain in the fort until its
delivery. When the American troops are formed near the fort the Spanish
flag will be withdrawn under a salute; the guards will then be relieved,
and the troops of Spain will march out, and, on passing the former, they
will mutually salute; when the American troops will be marched into and
occupy the fortress.
ROBERT BUTLER, United States Commissioner.
Memorandum on the Manner of Occupying Castle San
Marcos, St. Augustine, 1821.