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Historical Background

Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings

Suggested Reading

Soldier and Brave
Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings

For the convenience of users of this volume, on the next page the sites and buildings are listed alphabetically by State. The following code indicates site categories:

Site Categories

National Park Service National Park System unit
U.S. Forest Service National Forest Service site
Bureau of Land Management Bureau of Land Management site
National Historic Landmark National Historic Landmark
Other site Other Sites Considered

NOTE: The following descriptions indicate sites that are open to the public. Before visiting any of them, inquiry should be made to the owners or custodians concerning dates and hours of access and admission costs, usually nominal. Special permission should be obtained to visit privately owned sites. Web Edition Note: Since the publication of this document (1971) the status of some of these properties may have changed during the ensuing years. Where available, links are provided from each site to current Web pages that contain up-to-date information on these sites, including visitation information. While most of the sites are open to the public, some sites remain closed to visitation.

Soldier and Brave: Historic Sites of National Significance (click on image for an enlargement in a new window)

National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings

A. Sites in the National Park System
B. Sites Eligible for the Registry of National Historic Landmarks
C. Other Sites Considered

A. Sites in the National Park System

1. Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Ariz.
2. Chiricahua National Monument, Ariz.
3. Fort Bowie National Historic Site, Ariz.
4. Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site, Ariz.
5. Pipe Spring National Monument, Ariz.

6. Fort Smith National Historic Site, Ark.

7. Lava Beds National Monument, Calif.
8. Presidio of San Francisco, Calif.

9. Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site, Colo.
10. Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site, Colo.

11. Castillo de San Marcos (Fort Marion) National Monument, Fla.

12. Nez Perce National Historical Park, Idaho

13. Fort Larned National Historic Site, Kans.
14. Fort Scott National Historic Site, Kans.

15. Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, Mo.

16. Bear Paw Mountains Battlefield, Mont.
17. Big Hole National Battlefield, Mont.
18. Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, Mont.

19. Fort Union National Monument, N. Mex.

20. Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site, N. Dak.-Mont.

21. Washita Battlefield National Historic Site, Okla.

22. Big Bend National Park, Tex.
23. Fort Davis National Historic Site, Tex.
24. Guadalupe Mountains National Park, Tex.

25. Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area, Wash.
26. Vancouver Barracks, Wash.
27. Whitman Mission National Historic Site, Wash.

28. Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area, Wyo.-Mont.
29. Fort Laramie National Historic Site, Wyo.

B. Sites Eligible for the Registry of National Historic Landmarks (date of NHL designation noted)

1. Fort Huachuca, Ariz. (NHL Designation: 05/11/76)
2. Yuma Crossing, Ariz.-Calif. (NHL Designation: 11/13/66)

3. Cataldo (Sacred Heart) Mission, Idaho (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)
4. Fort Hall [Fur Trading Post], Idaho (NHL Designation: 01/20/61)
5. Lolo Trail, Idaho-Mont. (NHL Designation: 10/09/60)

6. Council Grove, Kans. (NHL Designation: 05/23/63)
7. Fort Leavenworth, Kans. (NHL Designation: 12/19/60)
8. Haskell Institute, Kans. (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)
9. Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site, Kans. (NHL Designation: 08/04/69)
10. Shawnee Mission, Kans. (NHL Designation: 05/23/68)

11. Fort Jesup, La. (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)

12. Fort Snelling, Minn. (NHL Designation: 12/19/60)

13. Fort Osage, Mo. (NHL Designation: 11/05/61)

14. Fort Benton, Mont. (NHL Designation: 11/05/61)

15. Fort Atkinson, Nebr. (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)
16. Fort Robinson and Red Cloud Agency, Nebr. (NHL Designation: 12/19/60)

17. Fort Churchill, Nev. (NHL Designation: 11/05/61)
18. Fort Ruby, Nev. (NHL Designation: 11/05/61)

19. Carson ("Kit") House, N. Mex. (NHL Designation: 05/23/63)
20. Fort Bayard, N. Mex. (NHL Designation: 03/19/04)

21. Camp Nichols, Okla. (NHL Designation: 05/23/63)
22. Cherokee National Capitol, Okla. (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)
23. Creek National Capitol, Okla. (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)
24. Fort Gibson, Okla. (NHL Designation: 12/19/60)
25. Fort Sill, Okla. (NHL Designation: 12/19/60)
26. Fort Washita, Okla. (NHL Designation: 06/23/65)
27. Sequoyah's Cabin, Okla. (NHL Designation: 12/21/65)
28. Wheelock Academy, Okla. (NHL Designation: 12/21/65)

29. Carlisle Indian School, Pa. (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)

30. Wounded Knee Battlefield, S. Dak. (NHL Designation: 12/21/65)

31. Fort Belknap, Tex. (NHL Designation: 12/19/60)
32. Fort Concho, Tex. (NHL Designation: 07/04/61)
33. Fort Richardson, Tex. (NHL Designation: 11/27/63)

34. Fort Douglas, Utah (NHL Designation: 05/15/75)

35. Hampton Institute, Va. (NHL Designation: 05/30/74)

36. Fort D. A. Russell, Wyo. (NHL Designation: 05/15/75)
37. Fort Phil Kearny and Related Sites, Wyo. (NHL Designation: 12/19/60)

C. Other Sites Considered

1. Big Dry Wash Battlefield, Ariz.
2. Camp Verde, Ariz.
3. Cibecue Creek Battlefield, Ariz.
4. Fort Apache, Ariz.
5. Fort Breckinridge (Old Camp Grant), Ariz.
6. Fort Buchanan (Camp Crittenden), Ariz.
7. Fort Defiance, Ariz.
8. Fort Grant (New Camp Grant), Ariz.
9. Fort Lowell, Ariz.
10. Fort McDowell, Ariz.
11. Fort Mohave, Ariz.
12. Fort Whipple, Ariz.
13. Salt River Canyon (Skeleton Cave) Battlefield, Ariz.
14. Skeleton Canyon, Ariz.

15. Benicia Barracks and Arsenal, Calif.
16. Fort Bidwell, Calif.
17. Fort Bragg, Calif.
18. Fort Humboldt, Calif.
19. Fort Jones, Calif.
20. Fort Tejon, Calif.

21. Beecher's Island Battlefield, Colo.
22. Bent's New Fort, Colo.
23. Fort Garland, Colo.
24. Fort Lyon No. 1 (Fort Wise), Colo.
25. Fort Lyon No. 2, Colo.
26. Fort Sedgwick and Julesburg, Colo.
27. Meeker (Nathan C.) Home, Colo.
28. Meeker Massacre Site, Colo.
29. Milk Creek Battlefield, Colo.
30. Summit Springs Battlefield, Colo.

31. Camp Lyon, Idaho
32. Fort Boise (Boise Barracks), Idaho
33. Fort Hall [U.S. Army Post], Idaho

34. Fort Atkinson (Fort Mann), Kans.
35. Fort Dodge, Kans.
36. Fort Harker, Kans.
37. Fort Hays, Kans.
38. Fort Riley, Kans.
39. Fort Wallace, Kans.
40. Highland (Iowa, Sauk, and Fox) Mission, Kans.

41. Birch Coulee Battlefield, Minn.
42. Fort Ridgely and New Ulm, Minn.
43. Lac Qui Parle Mission, Minn.
44. Sibley (Henry Hastings) House, Minn.
45. Wood Lake Battlefield, Minn.

46. Jefferson Barracks, Mo.

47. Fort Assinniboine, Mont.
48. Fort Custer, Mont.
49. Fort Ellis, Mont.
50. Fort Keogh, Mont.
51. Fort Logan, Mont.
52. Fort Missoula, Mont.
53. Fort Shaw, Mont.
54. Lame Deer Battlefield, Mont.
55. Powder River Battlefield, Mont.
56. Rosebud Battlefield, Mont.
57. St. Ignatius Mission, Mont.
58. Wolf Mountain (Tongue River) Battlefield, Mont.

59. Blue Water (Ash Hollow) Battlefield, Nebr.
60. Fort Hartsuff, Nebr.
61. Fort Kearny, Nebr.
62. Fort Omaha, Nebr.
63. War Bonnet (Hat) Creek Battlefield, Nebr.

64. Camp Winfield Scott, Nev.
65. Fort Halleck, Nev.
66. Fort McDermit, Nev.
67. Pyramid Lake Battlefield, Nev.
68. Wovoka ("Jack Wilson") Hut, Nev.

69. Fort Bascom, N. Mex.
70. Fort Craig, N. Mex.
71. Fort Cummings, N. Mex.
72. Fort Fillmore, N. Mex.
73. Fort McRae, N. Mex.
74. Fort Selden, N. Mex.
75. Fort Stanton, N. Mex.
76. Fort Sumner, N. Mex.
77. Fort Wingate, N. Mex.
78. St. Catherine's Indian School, N. Mex.

79. Big Mound Battlefield, N. Dak.
80. Fort Abercrombie, N. Dak.
81. Fort Abraham Lincoln, N. Dak.
82. Fort Buford, N. Dak.
83. Fort Rice, N. Dak.
84. Fort Totten, N. Dak.
85. Fort Yates and Standing Rock Agency, N. Dak.
86. Killdeer Mountain Battlefield, N. Dak.
87. Whitestone Hill Battlefield, N. Dak.

88. Anadarko (Wichita) Agency, Okla.
89. Armstrong Academy, Okla.
90. Camp Supply, Okla.
91. Chilocco Indian School, Okla.
92. Fort Arbuckle, Okla.
93. Fort Cobb, Okla.
94. Fort Reno and Darlington Agency, Okla.
95. Fort Towson, Okla.
96. Park Hill Mission and Cherokee Female Seminary, Okla.
97. Peace-on-the-Plains Site and Soldier Spring Battlefield, Okla.
98. Rush Springs Battlefield, Okla.
99. Skullyville, Fort Coffee, and New Hope Seminary, Okla.
100. Union Mission, Okla.

101. Fort Dalles, Oreg.
102. Fort Harney, Oreg.
103. Fort Hoskins, Oreg.
104. Fort Klamath, Oreg.
105. Fort Lane, Oreg.
106. The Dalles (Wascopam) Mission, Oreg.
107. Willamette (Lee) Mission, Oreg.

108. Fort Meade, N. Dak.
109. Fort Randall, N. Dak.
110. Fort Sisseton, N. Dak.
111. Pine Ridge Agency, N. Dak.
112. Rosebud Agency, N. Dak.
113. Slim Buttes Battlefield, N. Dak.

114. Adobe Walls Battlefield, Tex.
115. Camp Cooper, Tex.
116. Camp Hudson, Tex.
117. Camp Verde, Tex.
118. Fort Bliss, Tex.
119. Fort Chadbourne, Tex.
120. Fort Clark, Tex.
121. Fort Duncan, Tex.
122. Fort Griffin, Tex.
124. Fort Lancaster, Tex.
124. Fort McIntosh, Tex.
125. Fort McKavett, Tex.
126. Fort Phantom Hill, Tex.
127. Fort Stockton, Tex.
128. Fort Terrett, Tex.
129. Palo Duro Canyon Battlefield, Tex.
130. Tinaja de las Palmas Battle Site, Tex.

131. Cove Fort, Utah
132. Fort Deseret, Utah
133. Gunnison Massacre Site, Utah

134. Fort Simcoe, Wash.
135. Fort Steilacoom, Wash.
136. Fort Walla Walla, Wash.
137. Four Lakes Battlefield, Wash.
138. Spokane Plain Battlefield, Wash.
139. Steptoe Battlefield, Wash.
140. Tshimakain Mission, Wash.

141. Dull Knife Battlefield, Wyo.
142. Fort Bridger, Wyo.
143. Fort Casper and Platte Bridge Fight Site, Wyo.
144. Fort Fetterman, Wyo.
145. Fort Fred Steele, Wyo.
146. Fort Reno (Fort Connor), Wyo.
147. Fort Washakie, Wyo.
148. Grattan Fight Site, Wyo.

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Last Updated: 19-Aug-2005