Geology, Paleontology, Flora & Fauna, Archeology, History
GEOLOGY AND PALEONTOLOGY
1. Geological information is based upon the following papers:
a. Chesterman, Charles W., Contact Metamorphic Rocks of the Twin Lakes
Region, Fresno County, California, California Journal of Mines and
Geology, Vol. 38, 1942, pp. 243-281.
b. Durrell, Cordell, Metamorphism in the Southern Sierra Nevada
Northeast of Visalia, California, Bulletin of the Department of
Geological Sciences, University of California, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1940, 117 pp.
c. Jenkins, W. O., Tungsten Deposits Northeast of Visalia, California,
California Journal of Mines and Geology, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp.
d. McDonald, G. A., Geology of the Western Sierra Nevada between the
Kings River and San Joaquin River, California, Bulletin of the
Department of Geological Sciences, University of California, Vol. 26,
No. 2, 1941, pp. 215-286.
e. Mayo, Evans B., Structure Plan of the Southern Sierra Nevada,
California, Geological Society of America Bulletin, Vol. 58, No. 6,
1947, pp. 495-504.
f. Various unpublished reports on geologic studies made by the U. S.
Army Corps of Engineers, Sacramento District.
2. Durrell, Cordell, Geology of the Sierra Nevada Northeast of Visalia,
Tulare County, California, California Journal of Mines and Geology, Vol. 39, No. 2,
1943, p. 159.
FLORA AND FAUNA
3. Descriptions of flora and fauna are based upon the following
a. Brown, Vinson, The California Wildlife Region, Naturegraph Company,
San Martin, California, 1957.
b. Burt, William H. and Richard P. Grossenheider, A Field Guide to the
Mammals, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1952.
c. Peterson, Roger T., A Field Guide to Western Birds, Houghton Mifflin
Company, Boston, 1941.
NATIVE OCCUPATION OF THE TERMINUS RESERVOIR REGION
4. Cook, S. F., The Aboriginal Population of the San Joaquin Valley,
California, University of California Anthropological Records, Vol. 16,
No. 2, 1955, p. 46.
5. Hoover, M. B. and H. E., and E. G. Rensch, Historic Spots in
California, Stanford University Press, 1948, p. 190.
6. Kroeber, A. L., Handbook of the Indians of California, Bureau of
American Ethnology, Bulletin No. 78, Smithsonian Institution, 1925, p.
Linguistic and Cultural Boundaries
7. Ibid, plate 47, opp. p. 526.
8. Seven main language families are recognized for California:
Athabascan, Algonkian, Yukian, Lutuamian, Hokan, Penutian, and
Uto-Aztekan (sometimes called Shoshonean).
Pattern of Occupation Primary Foods
9. Pendergast, D. M. and C. W. Meighan, The Greasy Creek Site, Tulare
County, California, Annual Report, Archeological Survey, University of
California at Los Angeles, 1959, p. 1.
10. Heizer, R. F. and M. A. Baumhoff, Prehistoric Rock Art of Nevada and
Eastern California, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los
11. Gayton, A. H., Yokuts and Western Mono Ethnography, I: Tulare Lake,
Southern Valley, and Central Foothill Yokuts, Anthropological Records
10:1, University of California Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1948, p.
12. Ibid., p. 113.
Summary of Excavations: Greasy Creek Site
13. Driver, H. E., Culture Element Distribution, VI: Southern Sierra
Nevada, Anthropological Records 1:2, University of California Press,
Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1937, p. 99.
14. Pendergast and Meighan, op. cit., p. 2.
15. Pendergast and Meighan, op. cit., p. 4.
16. Elsasser, A. B., Indians of Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks,
Sequoia National History Association, Three Rivers, Calif., 1962, p.
Summary of Excavations: Slick Rock Village Site
17. Latta, F. F., Handbook of Yokuts Indians, Kern County Museum,
Bakersfield, Calif., 1949, p. 10.
18. Von Werlhof, J. C., Aboriginal Trails of the Kaweah Basin, Report
submitted to the National Park Service, San Francisco, 1961, p. 1.
Summary of Excavations: Cobble Lodge Site
19. Von Werlhof, J. C., Archeological Investigations at Tul-145 (Cobble
Lodge), Report submitted to the National Park Service, San Francisco,
1961, p. 10.
20. Ibid., p. 2.
21. Ibid., p. 9.
22. Von Werlhof, J. C., Six Chert Knives from Tulare County, California,
University of California Archeological Survey Report No. 50, 1960.
23. Driver, op. cit., p. 68.
24. Von Werlhof, J. C., Archeological Investigations of Tul-145, p.
25. Ibid, p. 1.
26. Driver, op. cit., p. 99.
SPANISH EXPLORATION OF THE KAWEAH RIVER BASIN
27. Mitchell, Annie R., King of the Tulares, Presses of the Visalia
Times-Delta, 1941, p. 11.
28. Ibid., p. 15.
29. Ibid., pp. 24-25.
30. Cook, S. F., Colonial Expeditions to the Interior of California
(Central Valley, 1800-1820), Anthropological Records 16:6, University of California
Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1960, p. 244.
31. Mitchell, A. R., op. cit., p. 23.
32. Cook, S. F., op. cit., p. 252.
33. Cook, S. F., op. cit., p. 288.
AMERICAN EXPLORATION AND SETTLEMENT
34. Visalia Times-Delta, Centennial Edition, 25 June 1959.
35. In an interview with Judge Walter Fry, local historian and first
civilian commissioner of Sequoia National Park. Data furnished by Miss
36. Chief Chappo was also known as "Hon-Ush."
37. The carving was destroyed by vandals.
Last Updated: 08-Sep-2008