The authors wish to give special recognition and express appreciation to the people who assisted with and assured the success of this research. It was initiated when permanent photo stations were established in the devastated area by Robert T. Haugen, Park Ranger, Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and Jerry P. Eaton and Donald H. Richter, Hawaii Volcanoes Observatory. Ranger Haugen made the first periodic observations and photo coverage. The following park personnel provided assistance and support to the project: Robert L. Barrel, Chief Park Naturalist; William W. Dunmire, Assistant Park Naturalist; and Richard S. Rayner, Supervisory Park Ranger. Park Ranger Stewart Branson helped establish and monitor the weather stations, and Park Naturalist Richard McBride was most helpful in providing advice and assistance on various field activities. Special recognition is given to former Park Superintendent Fred Johnston (deceased) and former Chief Park Naturalist Dwight Hamilton for providing extra time to the first author during his regular work as Park Naturalist. Superintendent Daniel J. Tobin, Jr., was most helpful in supporting the final phases of the project.
We thank the following scientists for their expert assistance in identifying and analyzing various materials: I. MacKenzie Lamb, for the lichen genus Stereocaulon; Francis Drouet, for algae; Mason E. Hale, for the lichen genus Cladonia, William Hoe, for mosses; Gordon Macdonald, for geological specimens; Yusuf Tamimi, for soil analyses; Helmut Lieth, for weather data; and John Forbes of the Hawaii Volcanoes Observatory, for preparing thin sections of rocks.
We would like to give special thanks also to F. R. Fosberg and V. J. Krajina for their valuable advice on the project.
The research was financed in part by the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service; in part by NSF Grant GB 4686 to D. Mueller-Dombois; and in later phases by NSF Grant 23230 to the Hawaii IBP Island Ecosystems Integrated Research Program.
Garrett A. Smathers
Last Updated: 1-Apr-2005