Southwestern Monuments Monthly Report


Coolidge, Arizona,
August 1, 1938.

The Director,
National Park Service,
Washington, D. C.

Dear Mr. Director:

The Condensed Report for the month of July, 1938, follows:

To last
of June
Travel Year
To Date
Aztec Ruins2,2641,8812,08911,71013,974
Canyon de Chelly223237159720943
Capulin Mountain7,500*6,0002,5008,20015,700
Casa Grande1,7631,6131,14228,41530,178
Chaco Canyon7751,0269293,9714,476
El Morro5803834151,4222,002
Gila Cliff30*----4575
Gran Quivira3574172812,1672,524
Montezuma Castle1,4901,5071,4826,3047,794
Natural Bridges188146--234422
Organ Pipe300*----5,2505,550
Pipe Spring1981854061,4291,627
Rainbow Bridge35----137172
Sunset Crater1,2871,2121,1773,3844,671
Walnut Canyon2,3781,9542,3846,4088.786
White Sands16,83012,42112,40656,58873,418
Yucca House12
     Same date year ago

Although travel records for July, 1938, show a phenomenal increase over those for June, as well as for those of a year ago, there is sufficient cause to doubt the accuracy of these reports to preclude any great excitement over the extraordinary jump. At both White Sands and Capulin Mountain, the monuments showing the greatest travel, only a skeleton personnel exists, making impossible an accurate count.

At the monuments where exact travel counts are made, both increases and decreases are shown. El Morro reports the heaviest travel on record, Aztec Ruins had a big increase over a year ago, and Casa Grande showed a gain. In contrast, Chaco Canyon, Tumacacori, and Tonto all report less patronage than in July, 1937. A detailed analysis of the month's travel records is given on page 64a of this paper.


010 Matters of Unusual Interest or Importance

Arches: Four new arches are reported this month. (See p. 17)

Aztec Ruins: Much needed ruins stabilization work began. (See p. 30)

Bandelier: A skeleton was found in the Otowi Section. (See p. 80)

Headquarters: Assistant Directory Demaray devoted considerable time to a visit taking in a number of the monuments. The Southwestern Monuments Association was given official Secretarial approval on July 22. (See p. 61)

020 Weather

In general, normal July weather conditions have prevailed. In this southern monuments, it has been hot and dry; in the northern group, cool, cloudy, and showery weather has been general. The only monument reporting stormy weather which might aversely affect travel is White Sands which, regardless of weather, indicates the heaviest travel in the history of the monument. Hope of the breaking of the long drouth in the vicinity of the "Dust Bowl" area is expressed.


123 Visits by National Park Service Personnel

Arches: V. H. Cahalane and W. B. MacDougal.

Aztec Ruins: Engineer Read, J. Faris, T. C. Vint, C. Richey, H. H. Cornell, H. Hastings, Hugh Miller, Dale King, Gordon Vivian, and L. T. McKinney.

Bandelier: J. Diehl, J. S. Cross, T. Vint, C. Richey, L. McClatchey, A. E. Underhill, and H. A. Montgomery.

Casa Grande: H. B. Chase, A. E. Demaray, and Bill Stevenson.

Chaco Canyon: T. C. Miller, H. M. Miller, J. H. Tovrea, D. S. King, A. L. Rowell, Tom Vint, and C. A. Richey.

Chiricahua: A. E. Demaray, J. H. Tovrea, J. H. Haile, and George Shelly.

Headquarters: H. B. Chase, A. E. Demaray, R. R. Budlong, George Shelly, and W. B. MacDougal.

Hovenweep: Betty Yelm.

Montezuma Castle: A. T. Bicknell, N. N. Dodge, and Luis Gastellum.

Navajo: Bill and Sally Lippincott.

Natural Bridges: Bill and Sally Lippincott.

Tumacacori: A. E. Demaray, Frank Pinkley, Hugh Miller, and J. H. Tovrea.

Walnut Canyon: Mary Louise Rogers, J. H. Tovrea, Tom Vint, Hugh Miller, H. H. Cornell, Al Keuhl, and Cecil Doty.

White Sands: E. F. Preece, J. Diehl, H. A. Montgomery, A. E. Underhill.

Wupatki and Sunset Crater: Hugh Miller, Tom Vint, Al Keuhl, H. H. Cornell, C. Doty, C. N. Gould, J. Tovrea, N. Doge, and C. Wilder.

125 Other Government Officials

Chaco Canyon: G. Antonick, J. L. Gardner, W. R. McKinney, J. B. Goodwin, J. J. Turner, and D. G. Shockley of the Soil Conservation Service; J. R. Hopkins, M. A. Pfeiffer, A. W. Simington, R. Matson, and N. Conway of the U. S. Indian Service; and J. H. Shivers of the Bureau of Public Roads.

El Morro: Jack White and Clay Lockett of the Indian Service.

Headquarters: Fred Winn and Sam Sowell of the Forest Services.

Montezuma Castle: T. J. Parr.

Tumacacori: Fred Winn.

Walnut Canyon: Ken Disher.

140 Labor Situation

Chiricahua: Receipt of a government contract by one of the major mining companies has kept many men employed. (See p. 46)

150 New Equipment

Bandelier: A one-ton chain hoist, one air compressor, and two washers and ironers were added to the lists. (See p. 53)

Montezuma Castle: Equipment for the electric pump and the new lighting system was received during the month. (See p. 44).

170 Plans, Maps, and Surveys

Bandelier: Painting of the large relief model of the monument has been completed and the map installed in the lobby. (See p. 53)

180 Circulars, Placards, and Publicity

Wupatki: A large painting of the ruins is on display in the Flagstaff Chamber of Commerce. (See p. 15)


210 Maintenance, Unusual

Aztec Ruins: Ten N.Y.A. man days were expended on weed eradication. Linoleum was laid in the museum and custodian's residence. (See p. 28) Work was begun on ruins stabilization waterproofing roofs and establishing drainage. (See p. 30)

Capulin Mountain: Heavy ruins necessitated nine days of road maintenance. (see p. 52)

Chaco Canyon: New roofing and calcimine were placed on the custodian's residence. (See p. 19) Following floods, water gaps in the boundary fence were repaired. Ruins stabilization took 153 man days. (See p. 21).

Chanyon de Chelly: Walls of the custodian's house were painted and the floors repaired. (See p. 48)

Chiricahua: Five hundred man days were required to repair roads and clean culverts following a cloudburst. (See p. 47).

Headquarters: Transferring equipment to the new Mt. Elden Camp and servicing and repairing motor equipment have kept the maintenance men busy all month. (See p. 58)

220 Improvements

Bandelier: A wall Multiplex has been installed. (See p. 54)

Chiricahua: On the Bonita Highway, 500 square yards of banks have been sloped. (See p. 47)

Pipe Spring: The pit toilets were completed and five men and a truck worked on ditch elimination. (See p. 9)

Tumacacori: A furnace was installed in the administration building and tests made. (See p. 38)

White Sands: Water has been made available for irrigating the plantings and for use in the comfort stations through the installation of a large tank. (See p. 32) During a recent storm, the new drainage ditches functioned well.

230 New Construction

Chiricahua: Museum cases for installation in the administration building museum were under construction during the month. (See P. 47) Work started June 30 on the new warehouse and walls were completed during July to a height of five feet. The new bridge was completed. (See p. 48)

Casa Grande: The shop floor was poured, completing the building except for the fittings and doors. The roof of the warehouse was finished and the walls made ready for plaster (See p. 25)

Bandelier: The lobby and sales room of the hotel were brought to practical completion and the operator's residence was almost finished. The employees' dormitory was completed 100 per cent. Cabin "A" was brought to parapet wall height and the ceilings laid and Cabin "B" was built up to three foot wall height. (See p. 56). Cable for the power lines was received and junction boxes were installed. The furniture and fixture projects were advanced. (See p. 57)

240 Improvement to Approaches

Aztec Ruins: The seal coat was laid on the approach road. Highway U. S. 550 from Farmington to Aztec was completed. (See p. 28)

Chiricahua: The Forest Service improved the Pinery Canyon road.

Hovenweep: Work was done on the Elmo Canyon road to Cortez.

Navajo: The job of rendering passable the approach road to Betata'kin was started by the CCC. (See p. 11)

260 Landscape Work

Wupatki and Sunset Crater: A thorough inspection was made by the Division of Plans and Designs preparatory to development planning. (See pages 14-15)


320 Cooperating Governmental Agencies

Chaco Canyon: The usual fine cooperation with the Soil Conservation Service and the Indian Service has been enjoyed.

330 Non-Governmental Agencies

Wupatki and Sunset Crater: Valuable informational assistance has been received from the Museum of Northern Arizona. (See pages 13-15)

350 Donations and Accessions

El Morro: A Kodaslide projector and screen, and a microscope were added to the monument's possessions. (See p. 40)

Headquarters: The Branch of Education received 26 new bookcase sections for the library, a 5 x 7 view camera and accessories, 81 publications, 72 negatives and 144 prints, two two-compartment bird traps, and three steel filing cases. (See pages 61-63)

Sunset Crater: A collection of volcanic bombs and other geologic specimens was made for future museum display. (See p. 15)

Tonto: One herbarium case and one study skin case were received during July. (See p. 27)


410 Ranger, Naturalist, and Guide Service

Casa Grande: Both ruins and museum time was longer in July.

Montezuma Castle: A model of a cliff house ladder was made for display. Twenty-six plants were collected and sent away for identification. (See p. 45).

Sunset Crater: Plans were formulated to bring about some much needed educational work. (See p. 13).

Tumacacori: The custodian spoke at a meeting of the Nogales Rotary Club. (See p. 37)

Walnut Canyon: An outline of nature trail operation will be found on page 81.

420 Museum Service

Aztec Ruins: Heavy use by the public has made the presence of an N.Y.A. museum attendant very valuable. Several museum displays were rearranged. (See P. 29)

El Morro: Information talks have been greatly aided by the new projector and screen. (See P. 40)

Gran Quivira: Need of a museum becomes greater as other museums are established in the vicinity. (See p. 38)

Headquarters: Considerable museum planning has been carried on during July. (See p. 63). An article, "Anthropology and the Museum" by Katharine Bartlett appears on page 77.

Montezuma Castle: The museum was rearranged. (See p. 44)

Tumacacori: Installation of exhibits and lights progressed well.

Wupatki: A tree-ring dating exhibit is being prepared. (See p. 15)

460 Birds

Montezuma Castle: Bird records are on page 73.

Tumacacori: Observations for the month are recorded on page 75.

470 Animals

Pipe Spring: Many fish were killed when the pond was cleaned.

Bandelier: Frijoles Creek was stocked with 22,000 trout. (P. 54)

480 Miscellaneous

Capulin Mountain: Rains have brought out vegetation. (See p. 52)

Casa Grande: Night-blooming Cereus plants on the monument flowered on the evening of July 5. (See p. 66)


510 Increase or Decrease in Travel

All Monuments: A discussion covering an analysis of the travel records will be found on pages 3-4 and in the Opening.

530 Newsworthy Visitors

Aztec Ruins: Senator T. L. Smith, a member of the Appropriations Committee, visited the monument. (See p. 29)

Bandelier: Dr. E. T. Renaud of the University of Denver. (See p. 54)


630 Accidents

Natural Bridges: The custodian's wife was injured in an accident involving the custodian's personal automobile. (See p. 50)

650 Signs

Tonto: Four badly needed directional signs were received. (P. 27)

Aztec Ruins: The ranger made and installed a new sign at the gate giving the visitor hours. (See p. 29)

Yucca House: Four warning signs were installed. (See p. 33)


Bandelier: A skeleton was found. (See p. 80)

Casa Grande: The collections catalogue was put in shape. (P. 62)

El Morro: A program of photographing all of the inscriptions has been started. (See p. 41)

Hovenweep: Prehistoric beams have been collected for dating.

Montezuma Castle: It is possible that a new textile material has been discovered. (See p. 45)


Rainbow Bridge: Custodian John Wetherill is acting as guide for 23 persons making up the 1938 Monument Valley-Rainbow Bridge Expedition under Dr. Charles Winning of New York. (See p. 11)

White Sands: The matter of obtaining an accurate visitor count is still a serious problem. (See p. 31)

Pipe Spring: Cottonwood trees are dying. (See p. 10)

Gran Quivira: Rain did considerable damage to the walls during the month. (See p. 38)

Frank Pinkley
Frank Pinkley,

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Date: 01-May-2007