Archival and Manuscript Sources
Federal Records Center, National Archives and Records Service, Kansas City, Missouri.
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Correspondence (Planning, Interpretation, Safety, Water Quality, Facilities Development, General), 1968-1982.
Michigan Historical Collections, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
Philip A. Hart Papers.
Raymond Clevenger Papers.
John Tanton Papers.
E. Genevieve Gillette Papers.
Michigan State Archives, Michigan Department of State, Lansing, Michigan.
Michigan Conservation Commission Records, 1924-1966.
Michigan State Highway Department Records, 1924-1966.
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Verticle File.
National Park Service, Midwest Regional Office, Omaha, Nebraska
Superintendent's Annual Narratives.
General Management Plan Correspondence.
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Munising, Michigan.
Legislative Records, 1958-1966.
Administrative Files, 1966-1990.
Local Newspapers Cited
Adrian Telegram (Michigan)
Daily Mining Gazette (Houghton, Michigan)
Detroit Free Press
Escanaba Daily Press (Michigan)
Grand Marais Pilot and Pictured Rocks Review (Michigan)
Grand Rapids Press (Michigan)
Holland Evening Sentinel (Michigan)
L'Anse Sentinel (Michigan)
Mining Journal (Marquette, Michigan)
Munising News (Michigan)
Newberry News (Michigan)
Upper Peninsula Sunday Times (Michigan)
Informants and Oral History Interviews
John Austin, Denver Service Center, General Management Plan team member.
Hugh P. Beattie, retired, National Park Service, former superintendent, PIRO.
Neal Beavers, Grand Marais, Michigan, former local newspaper writer.
Robert Burns, retired, National Park Service, former superintendent, PIRO.
Howard Chapman, retired, National Park Service, participated in Great Lakes Shoreline Survey.
Raymond Clevenger, former member U.S. House of Representatives.
Jack Cruise, retired, Michigan State Highway Department, participated in Alger County -- Pictured Rocks Task Force.
Larry D. Hach, Chief Ranger, PIRO.
John Kawamoto, retired, National Park Service, former chief of planning, Midwest Regional Office.
Jerry Kinnunen, Munising, Michigan, former member Munising Chamber of Commerce.
Joseph Kolbus, Munising, Michigan, former owner of Munising Falls tract.
Neil R. Korsmo, East District Ranger, PIRO.
Walter Loope, National Biological Survey, PIRO.
Frank Mead, Grand Marais, Michigan, former chair of Superior Scenic Drive Committee.
Bud Morrison, Munising, Michigan, former member of Munising Chamber of Commerce, owner Pictured Rocks Cruises, Inc.
Grant A. Petersen, Superintendent, PIRO.
Philip Ruppe, former member U.S. House of Representatives.
Deryl Stone, Chief Ranger, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, former Chief Ranger, PIRO.
Howie Thompson, Denver Service Center, general management plan team member.
Frederick Young, West District Ranger, PIRO.
Books, Reports, Periodicals
Alger County/Pictured Rocks Development Coordination Task Force. Report and Recommendations Concerning Development of the Pictured Rocks Area. Munising, Mich.: Central Upper Peninsula Planning and Development Commission.
Anderson, Olive M. By the Shining Big-Sea-Water: The Story of Pictured Rocks, 10,000 B.C. to 1966 A.D. Munising, Mich.: Alger County Historical Society, 1989.
Austin, John and Dale Tomrdle. Visitor Use Report, General Management Plan. Denver: Service Center, 1980.
Berton, Pierre. Niagara: A History of the Falls. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1992.
Bogue, Margaret Beattie. Around the Shores of Lake Michigan: A Guide to Historical Sites. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.
Carter, James L. Superior: A State for the North Country. Marquette Mich.: Pilot Press 1980.
______. Grand Marais: Voyageurs' Harbor. Marquette, Mich.: Pilot Press, 1977.
Castle, Beatrice Hanscom. The Grand Island Story. Marquette, Mich.: John M. Longyear Library, 1974.
Clayton James L. Economic Impact of the Cold War. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1970.
Cockrell, Ron. A Signature of Time and Eternity: The Administrative History of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Indiana. Omaha, Neb.: Midwest Regional Office, National Park Service, 1988.
Deasy, George F. "Agriculture in Luce County, Michigan," Agricultural History, 24, (Jan. 1950): 29-42.
Flader, Susan B., ed. The Great Lakes Forest: An Environmental and Social History. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1981.
Farrell, John P. and John D. Hughes. Long Term Implications, From a Geomorphological Standpoint of Maintaining H-58 in its Present Location at Grand Sable Lake. Marquette: Northern Michigan University, 1985.
Farghar, Marcia. "Pictured Rocks: Backpacking on Lake Superior's Rugged Shoreline," Explore (July/August 1988): 26-28.
Foley, Dave. "Pictured Rocks camping," Michigan Out-of-Doors (July 1979): 80-83.
Griffin, Jocelyn. Hostages to Fortune. New York: Silhouette Special Editions, 1984.
Hartzog, George B., Jr. Battling for the National Parks. Mt. Kisco, N.Y.: Moyer Bell, 1988.
Hoover, Helen. The Long Shadowed Forest. New York: N.Y. Crowell, 1963.
Hubbard, Bela. Lake Superior Journal: Bela Hubbard's Account of the 1840 Houghton Expedition. Edited by Bernard C. Peters. Marquette, Mich.: Northern Michigan University Press, 1983.
Institute for Community Development. The Proposed Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore: An Economic Study. East Lansing: Michigan State University, 1963.
Jones, Bruce A. Archeological Inventory and Evaluative Testing in Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan, 1985-1990. Lincoln, Neb.: Midwest Archeological Center, 1993.
Jones, Steven, William Jensen, and William Robinson. Final Report on Deer Research in Beaver Basin. Marquette: Northern Michigan University, 1979.
Karamanski, Theodore J. Deep Woods Frontier: A History of Logging in Northern Michigan. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1989.
______. Historic Resource Study: Logging Industry and Pioneer-Homesteading Cultural Resources on the Hiawatha National Forest, Michigan. Chicago: Mid-American Research Center, 1984.
______. History of the McCormick Family’s Use of White Deer Lake Camp, McCormick Experimental Forest, Michigan. Chicago: Mid-American Research Center, 1985.
Karrow, Robert W. "Lake Superior's Mythic Isle: A Cautionary Tale for the Users of Old Maps." Michigan History (Jan.-Feb., 1985): 24-29.
Krause, David J. Making of a Mining District: Keweenaw Native Copper, 1500-1870. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1992.
Labedie, C. Patrick. Submerged Cultural Resources Study: Pictured Rocks National Park Lakeshore. Santa Fe: Submerged Cultural Resources Unit, National Park Service, 1989.
Loope, Walter L. "Interrelationship of Fire History, Land Use History and Landscape Pattern Within Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan," Canadian Field Naturalist, 104 (1990): 18-28.
Lueders, Edward. The Clam Lake Papers. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.
McKee, Russell, ed. Mackinac: The Gathering Place. Lansing: Michigan Department of Natural Resources, 1981.
Martin, John Bartlow. Call It North Country: The Story of Upper Michigan. New York: Knopf, 1945.
Mooney-Melvin, Patricia. "Harnessing the Romance of the Past: Preservation, Tourism, and History", The Public Historian, 13, 2, (Spring, 1991): 35-42.
Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1967.
Nute, Grace Lee. Caesars of the Wilderness: Medard Chouart, Sieur Des Groseilliers and Pierre Espirit Radisson, 1618-1710. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1978.
______. Lake Superior. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1944.
Peirce, Nealand John Keefe. The Great Lakes States of America: People, Politics and Power in the Five Great Lakes States. New York: Norton, 1980.
Pekkarinen, Hilja and Minnie Ida Mattson. The History of Luce County: "Past Years". Neberry, Mich.: Luce County Historical Society, 1981.
Rakestraw, Lawrence, Fred Stormer, and Christoper R. Eder. "A Second Yellowstone: William G. Mather and the Grand Island Game Preserve", Journal of Forest History (July, 1977): 156-163.
Rawson, A. L. "The Pictured Rocks of Lake Superior", Harper's New Monthly Review. CCIV, XXXIV (May, 1867): 681-697.
Robinson, William and Albert Spaulding. A Report on Deer Populations in Beaver Basin, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Marquette: Northern Michigan University, 1977.
Runte, Alfred. National Parks: The American Experience. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979.
RydhoIm, Fred. "Upper Crust Camps", A Most Superior Land Life in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Edited by Russell McKee. Lansing, Mich.: Michigan Natural Resources Magazine, 1983.
Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe. Travels through the Northwestern Regions of the United States. Albany: E. & E. Hosford, 1821.
Schwarz, William. Voices of the Wilderness. New York: Ballantine Book, 1969.
Sears, John F. Sacred Places: American Tourist Attractions in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.
Seno, William Joseph, ed. Up Country: Voices From the Midwestern Wilderness. Madison, Wl: Round River Publishing Co., 1985.
Sigurd F. Olson. The Listening Point. New York: Knopf, 1958.
Stephenson, Isaac. Recollections of a Long Life: 1829-1915. Chicago: privately printed, 1915.
Stonehouse Fredrick. Historic Resource Study of Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan. Milwaukee: Mark F. Pfaller Associates, 1981.
Symon, Charles A., ed. Alger County: A Centennial History, 1885-1985. Munising, Mich.: Bayshore Publishing Co., 1986.
Thompson, Howie, Donald Gillespie, Jack Strain, John Austin, Karen Sprague, Fred Young, Bruce Peterson, and Gayle Smith, Draft General Management Plan, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service, 1981.
Udall, Stewart L. The Quite Crisis. New York: Avon Books, 1963.
U.S. Department of Agriculture. Land and People: Northern Great Lakes Regional Conference, Springboard for Action, Brief of Proceedings, September 24-26, 1963, Duluth, Minnesota. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1963.
U.S. Congress, Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on the Public Lands, on S. 1143. Eighty-Eighth Congress, Second Session, Escanaba, Michigan, July 20, 1964. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1964.
United States Department of Commerce. The Lumber Industry: Standing Timber, Concentration of Timber Holdings in Important Selected Regions, and Land Holdings of Large Timber Owners. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1913.
U.S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service Pictured Rocks, Michigan. Washington, D.C.: Great Lakes Shoreline Recreation Survey, 1959.
U.S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service, Remaining Shoreline Opportunities in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York. Washington, D.C.: Great Lakes Shoreline Survey, 1959.
U.S. Department of the Interior. National Park Service, A Master Plan For Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Philadelphia: Northeast Regional Office, 1968.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Parks for America: A Survey of Park and Related Resources in the Fifty States and a Preliminary Plan. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1964.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Review of Alternatives: General Management Plan, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan. Denver: Denver Service Center, 1980.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Proposed Pictured Rocks Lakeshore: A Preliminary Land Use and Development. Philadelphia: Division of National Park and Recreation Area Planning, Northeast Regional Office, 1963.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Information Base: General Management Plan, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore, Michigan. Denver: Denver Service Center, 1980.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Interpretive Prospectus, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore. Harpers Ferry, W.V.: National Park Service, Harpers Ferry Center, 1970.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. A Study of the Park and Recreation Problem of the United States. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1941.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Our Fourth Shore: Great Lakes Shoreline Recreation Area Survey. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1960.
U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. Report to the Alger County/Pictured Rocks Task Force. Denver: Denver Service Center, 1978.
Wills, Gary. The Kennedy Imprisonment: A Meditation on Power. Boston: Little, Brown, 1981.
Wirth, Conrad L. Parks, Politics and the People. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.
Wooster, Donald. Nature's Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.
Last Updated: 05-Apr-2002