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1David H. Dye, "Death March of Hernando De Soto," Archaeology 42 (May-June 1989): 28-29; Charles M. Hudson and Joyce Rockwood Hudson, "Tracking the Elusive De Soto," Archaeology 42 (May-June 1989): 34; and Edwin C. McReynolds, Missouri: A History of the Crossroads State (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962), 3-7.

2McReynolds, Missouri, 3-7.

3Martha May Wood, "Early Roads in Missouri," (M.A. thesis, University of Missouri, 1936), 5-6.

4Wood, "Early Roads in Missouri," 5-7; McReynolds, Missouri, 7-8; and Alan Banks, Indians of Upper Current River (Eminence, Mo.: Alan Banks, 1978), 42-45.

5Banks, Indians of Upper Current River, 46-47; and James B. Christianson, "Early Osage—'The Ishmaelites of the Savages,'" Kansas History, 11 (Spring 1988): 9-14.

6Christianson, "Early Osage," 5-6; and Banks, Indians of Upper Current River, 44-45.

7Wood, "Early Roads in Missouri," 22-24.

8Lynn Morrow, "Trader William Gillis and Delaware Migration in Southern Missouri," LXXV (January 1981): 151.

9James Lee Murphy, "A History of the Southeastern Ozark Region of Missouri," (Ph.D. diss., Saint Louis University, 1982), 20; and Daniel H. Usner, Jr., "An American Indian Gateway: Some Thoughts on the Migration and Settlement of Eastern Indians around Early St. Louis," Gateway Heritage 11 (Winter 1990-91): 45. The Shawnee and Delaware were of the Algonquin language group.

10Morrow, "Trader William Gillis," 150; and McReynolds, Missouri, 26-27.

11Usner, "An American Indian Gateway," 46.

12Morrow, "Trader William Gillis," 150-151; McReynolds, Missouri, 27-28; and Lynn Morrow, "New Madrid and Its Hinterland: 1783-1826," Missouri Historical Society Bulletin, XXXVI (July 1980), 241-250; and Frederick Merk, History of the Westward Movement (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1978), 138.

13Morrow, "Trader William Gillis," 151; and Banks, Indians of Upper Current River, 46.

14Morrow, "Trader William Gillis," 151; and Merk, The Westward Movement, 155-161.


16Morrow, "Trader William Gillis," 151-152; and Banks, Indians of Upper Current River, 49-50.

17Morrow, "Trader William Gillis," 152-154, 159. Like many white traders, Gillis had a number of Indian wives over the years.

18Morrow, "Trader William Gillis," 154-155, 159. Gillis eventually settled on the site of Kansas City, Missouri, when Chief Anderson's Delaware moved to Kansas, and became a founder and leading citizen of the city.

19Banks, Indians of Upper Current River, 49-51.

20Cynthia R. Price, "Reported Historic Period Sites in Ozark National Scenic Riverways 1981/1982," Contract No.: CX-6000-1-0054, Submitted to National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska.

21James E. Price, et al., Archaeological Investigation in the Ozark National Scenic Riverways, 1984-1986, Conducted for U. S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Midwest Archeological Center, Lincoln, Nebraska, March 1987, 65-69.

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Last Updated: 02-Mar-2005