World War II Memorial to the People of Guam
On April 29, 1993, H.R. 1944 was introduced
by Delegate Robert A. Underwood in the 103rd Congress as a Tribute to
the People of Guam.
H.R. 1944 called for the appropriation of $8
million for the construction of appropriate monuments at the War in the
Pacific National Historic Park on Guam "which shall commemorate the
loyalty of the people of Guam and the heroism of the American forces
that liberated Guam."
H.R. 1944 was signed by President Clinton on
December 17, 1993 as P.L. 103-197.
Phase 1 of the Tribute to the People of Guam
called for the construction of a Memorial Wall at the Asan Bay Overlook.
Construction commenced in September of 1993, and was completed in time
for Guam's Golden Salute commemorating the 50th Anniversary of
Liberation Day in July 1994. The Memorial contains a park addition at
Asan, including a scenic overlook, bronze relief sculptures depicting
the occupation and liberation, and a landscaped contemplative
Phase 2 called for a bronze panel listing of
the people of Guam who suffered the atrocities of the occupation, as
well as the names of the American servicemen who were killed in Guam
during the war.
In a collaborative effort between Governor
Carl T.C. Gutierrez and Delegate Robert A. Underwood, this phase began
with the compilation of the Guamanian names from existing lists. The
list was then presented to the people of Guam for verification in the
form of an insert in the Pacific Daily News on May 30, 1995.
Other forms of outreach were pursued, including providing the Chamorro
clubs in the mainland with copies of the May 30th newspaper insert for
distribution to their members and other interested persons.
The initial list was updated and reprinted
in the Pacific Daily News twice again. The final list of names was then
submitted to the National Park Service in the latter part of 1995. The
list of American servicemen was compiled by the National Park
On July 22, 1996, a formal ceremony will be
held for the unveiling of the names on the War in the Pacific Memorial