DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
BUREAU OF OUTDOOR RECREATION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20240
December 6, 1965
Hon. Orville L. Freeman
Secretary of Agriculture
Hon. Stewart L. Udall
Secretary of the Interior
Dear Mr. Secretaries:
On behalf of the North Cascades Study Team, I am
pleased to submit its report, The North Cascades, in fulfillment
of your instructions of March 5, 1963.
In accordance with those instructions, the report
reviews all the resource potentials of Federal lands in the North
Cascade Mountains of Washington and includes recommendations as to
management and administration of those lands that will best serve the
The report of the study team is the result of a truly
joint undertaking. The team effort included field exploration, numerous
meetings and discussions, extensive public hearings, the preparation of
special resource reports and much other material, and an exhaustive
examination of existing information, including that which is publicly
available as well as internal records of the Forest Service and National
Much valuable information and advice were freely
given by the State of Washington, local governments, and a large number
of private organizations and individuals.
Throughout the work of the study team, there was the
finest type of cooperation and interchange among team members.
Also, there was general agreement on the facts. There
was consensus on most of the recommendations although it is only fair
to other team members to make clear that the exact wording and
presentation of material is that of the chairman.
Your attention is called to the individual views of
other team members appearing at the close of the report. These relate to
the last review draft and many of their comments were accommodated in
the final report. Where there are still differences of viewpoint, the
individual opinions of team members should be considered as alternate
The recommendations of the Forest Service and
National Park Service, summarized in the report and appearing in full in
Appendices B and C, predated the letters from individual team members.
In some respects the individual letters differ substantively from the
agency positions prepared earlier. Thus, in reviewing the agency
recommendations, special attention should be given to the individual
letters from team members dated September 27December 3, 1965.
Whether there should be a new National Park in the
North Cascades is the one fundamental issue on which there is
disagreement. The two representatives of the Department of the Interior
favor a new National Park, including the Mount Baker area. The two
representatives of the Department of Agriculture oppose any new National
Park in the North Cascades.
The views of the chairman and the recommendations set
forth in the body of the report lie in between these divergent views. I
favor a North Cascades National Park in the Eldorado Peaks-Picket Range
area, but not including Mount Baker. The proposal in the report differs
from any that have been advanced previously. I do not favor the
establishment of a National Recreation Area as a substitute for a
National Park. My views have been arrived at after full consideration
of the September 27October 27 comments of the individual team
members, and are not altered by the Selke-Greeley letter of December
The recommendations in the report are interrelated
and should be evaluated as a whole. They would result in the creation of
four new Wilderness areas, a new National Park, and, at the same time,
would increase the supply of available commercial timber and have
minimal adverse impact on other resources.
It has been a privilege to serve in this
interdepartmental undertaking. All members of the study team are hopeful
that the study and resulting report will have rendered a public
EDWARD C. CRAFTS,
Chairman, North Cascades Study Team.