The Biology of Salt Marshes
Economics of Land Reclamation
FROM MARSH TO FARM
The Landscape Transformation
of Coastal New Jersey
1One of the main components in the
reclaiming of tidal marshes is a bank or dike located on the edge of the
marsh. As a result, "banking" and "diking" can be substituted for
"reclamation" or "reclaiming."
2Audrey M. Lambert, The Making of the
Dutch Landscape: An Historical Geography of the Netherlands (London:
Seminar Press, 1971), 81.
3Annual Report of the State Geologist
for the Year 1892 (Trenton: John L. Murphy, 1893), 14-15.
4W. L. Powers and T. A. H. Teeter, Land
Drainage (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1932), 4-6; Lambert,
5Facts Concerning the Reclamation of
Swamp and Marsh Lands by Means of an Iron Dike (New York: Iron Dike
and Land Reclamation Company, 1867), 7.
6C. A. Weslager, The Swedes and Dutch
at New Castle (Wilmington: Middle Atlantic Press, 1987), 179.
7Charles T. Gehring, ed., New York
Historical Manuscripts: Dutch vol. 20-21: Delaware Papers
(Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1977), 86; David Steven
Cohen, forthcoming entry in The Encyclopedia of North American
Colonies, see "Technology, Dutch," TMs.
8David Steven Cohen, The Dutch-American
Farm (New York: New York University Press, 1992), 71-72; Cohen,
9Cohen, The Dutch-American Farm,
120. For a more descriptive account of life in the New Netherlands see
A Description of the New Netherlands by Adriaen van der Donck,
edited by Thomas F. O'Donnell and Journal of Jasper Danckaerts,
1679-1680, edited by Bartlett Burleigh James and J. Franklin
10Cohen, "Technology, Dutch."
11Annual Report of the State Geologist
for the Year 1895 (Trenton: John L. Murphy, 1896), xxiii.
12D. M. Nesbit, Tide Marshes of the
United States, USDA Special Report 7 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1885),
14Nesbit, 112-120, 124-125.
15Nesbit, 120-133; Nesbit listed New York
with New England in his report.
17Nesbit, 141-142; Facts concerning New
Jersey will be discussed at the end of the chapter.
32John B. Smith, The New Jersey Salt
Marsh and its Improvement, New Jersey Agricultural Experiment
Stations Bulletin 207 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1907), 5-6.