On-line Book




Chapter 1

Chapter 2
The Biology of Salt Marshes

Chapter 3
Banking/Diking Procedures

Chapter 4
Economics of Land Reclamation

Chapter 5
Salt-Hay Farming

Chapter 6
Meadow Companies

Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Sources Consulted

The Landscape Transformation of Coastal New Jersey
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1One of the main components in the reclaiming of tidal marshes is a bank or dike located on the edge of the marsh. As a result, "banking" and "diking" can be substituted for "reclamation" or "reclaiming."

2Audrey M. Lambert, The Making of the Dutch Landscape: An Historical Geography of the Netherlands (London: Seminar Press, 1971), 81.

3Annual Report of the State Geologist for the Year 1892 (Trenton: John L. Murphy, 1893), 14-15.

4W. L. Powers and T. A. H. Teeter, Land Drainage (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1932), 4-6; Lambert, 306-307.

5Facts Concerning the Reclamation of Swamp and Marsh Lands by Means of an Iron Dike (New York: Iron Dike and Land Reclamation Company, 1867), 7.

6C. A. Weslager, The Swedes and Dutch at New Castle (Wilmington: Middle Atlantic Press, 1987), 179.

7Charles T. Gehring, ed., New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch vol. 20-21: Delaware Papers (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1977), 86; David Steven Cohen, forthcoming entry in The Encyclopedia of North American Colonies, see "Technology, Dutch," TMs.

8David Steven Cohen, The Dutch-American Farm (New York: New York University Press, 1992), 71-72; Cohen, "Technology, Dutch."

9Cohen, The Dutch-American Farm, 120. For a more descriptive account of life in the New Netherlands see A Description of the New Netherlands by Adriaen van der Donck, edited by Thomas F. O'Donnell and Journal of Jasper Danckaerts, 1679-1680, edited by Bartlett Burleigh James and J. Franklin Jameson.

10Cohen, "Technology, Dutch."

11Annual Report of the State Geologist for the Year 1895 (Trenton: John L. Murphy, 1896), xxiii.

12D. M. Nesbit, Tide Marshes of the United States, USDA Special Report 7 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1885), 5.

13Nesbit, 17-18.

14Nesbit, 112-120, 124-125.

15Nesbit, 120-133; Nesbit listed New York with New England in his report.

16Nesbit, 134-135.

17Nesbit, 141-142; Facts concerning New Jersey will be discussed at the end of the chapter.

18Nesbit, 20.

19Nesbit, 150-162.

20Nesbit, 167.

21Nesbit, 162-171.

22Nesbit, 173-174.

23Nesbit, 173-179.

24Nesbit, 22-23.

25Nesbit, 180-192.

26Nesbit, 195-200.

27Nesbit, 200-206.

28Nesbit, 206-220.

29Nesbit, 10.

30Nesbit, 137-139.

31Nesbit, 136-139.

32John B. Smith, The New Jersey Salt Marsh and its Improvement, New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Stations Bulletin 207 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1907), 5-6.

33Nesbit, 139.

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