Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
List of Maps
Foreword, by Alvin M. Josephy, Jr.
Introduction and Acknowledgments
Chapter 1: Reasons
Chapter 2: Eruption and White Bird Canyon
Chapter 3: Looking Glass's Camp and Cottonwood
Chapter 4: Clearwater
Chapter 5: Kamiah, Weippe, and Fort Fizzle
Chapter 6: Bitterroot and the Big Hole
Chapter 7: Camas Meadows
Chapter 8: The National Park
Chapter 9: Canyon Creek
Chapter 10: Cow Island and Cow Creek Canyon
Chapter 11: Yellowstone Command
Chapter 12: Bear's Paw: Attack and Defense
Chapter 13: Bear's Paw: Siege and Surrender
Chapter 14: Consequences
Epilogue: Later Lives
Appendix A: U.S. Army Casualties, Nez Perce War, 1877
Appendix B: Known Nez Perce Casualties, 1877
Index (omitted from on-line edition)
COVER DESIGN by Kathryn Fehlig
COVER IMAGE "Chief Joseph," by John Ford Clymer. Reproduced by
permission of the Clymer Museum of Art, Ellensburg, Washington
BOOK DESIGN by Arrow Graphics, Missoula
TYPESET in Janson and Baker Signet
PRINTED by Thomson-Shore, Inc., Dexter, Michigan
Royalties earned from this hardcopy of this book go to support the
programs of Nez Perce National Historical Park. Copies of this book can
be purchased from the Nez Perce National Park.
This book was made possible in part by funding from the Bair Trust
and the Montana Historical Society Foundation.
Copyright © 2000 by Montana Historical Society Press,
P.O. Box 201201, Helena, Montana 59620-1201. All rights reserved.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Greene, Jerome A.
Nez Perce summer, 1877 : the U.S. Army and the
Nee-Me-Poo crisis / by Jerome A. Greene.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-917298-68-3 (cloth ; alk. paper)
ISBN 0-917298-82-9 (sc ; alk. paper)
1. Nez Percé Indians Wars, 1877. 2. Big Hole, Battle
of the, 1877 3. Nez Percé Indians History 19th
century. 4. Nez Percé Indians Government relations. I.
In memory of T,
Erwin N. Thompson, 1926-1998,
colleague and friend
List of Illustrations
1 Commanding Officer and Staff, Department of
the Columbia, ca. 1877-78
2 Joseph, in a formal studio portrait, late
3 "Scene of Perry's Battle on Whitebird Creek,
June 27th  1877"
4 Looking Glass, 1871
5 Nez Perce encampment, 1871
6 Peopeo Tholekt (Bird Alighting), 1900
7 "Cottonwood Housetwo days
fightWhipple and PerryJuly 5th"
8 "Battle of Clearwater. Howard, July
9 "The Idaho Indian WarReturn from the
Battle of July 12, 1877"
10 "Pack train encamped at Cottonwood during
11 Chuslum Moxmox (Yellow Bull), ca. 1878
12 "Big Hole BattleGibbons
13 "Fight at Camas
14 Trumpeter Bernard A. Brooks, ca. 1876
15a 15b George and
Emma Cowan, in 1901, at the site in Yellowstone National Park where
George Cowan was left for dead
16 Radersburg refugees and others at
Bottler's Ranch, August 30, 1877
17 "Fight at Cañon Creek, Sturgis.
18 Scout Fisher's "Plan of the Battle Ground"
of Canyon Creek, September 13, 1877
19 Engraving of the Canyon Creek
20 Gallery of U.S. Military Participants
21 Hotchkiss 1.65-inch breechloading mountain
22 Engraving of the Bear's Paw
23 1857 bronze twelve-pounder Napoleon
24 Heinmot Tooyalakekt, or Chief Joseph,
October 23, 1877
25 "Gen. Miles and Command crossing the
Yellowstone with Joseph."
26 Two unidentified Nez Perce youths
Some images have been omitted from the on-line
List of Maps
All maps ©2000, Montana Historical Society Press,
do not use without permission of publisher.
1 Area of the Nez Perce Outbreak and War,
2 Nez Perces' Route from Oregon to Canada,
3 Opening Phase of the Nez Perce War, June-July
4 The Battle of White Bird Canyon, June
5 The Attack on Looking Glass's Camp, July
6 The Cottonwood Encounters, July
7 The Battle of the Clearwater: First Day, July
8 The Battle of the Clearwater: Second Day, July
9 The Battle of the Big Hole, August
10 Camas Meadows: Nez Perce Attack on
Howard's Camp, August 20, 1877
11 Camas Meadows: Norwood's Encounter, August
12 Routes of the Nez Perces and the Army in
the National Park, August-September 1877
13 The Battle of Canyon Creek, September
14 The Battle of the Bear's Paw Mountains:
The Army Attack, Morning of September 30, 1877
15 The Battle of the Bear's Paw Mountains:
The Army Attack, Afternoon of September 30, 1877
16 The Battle of the Bear's Paw Mountains:
The Siege from Evening, September 30, to the Surrender on October 6,