Administrative History
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List of Figures


Executive Summary

Chapter I: From Prehistory to the Twentieth Century

Chapter II: Founding Navajo National Monument

Chapter III: The Life of A Remote National Monument 1912-1938

Chapter IV: "Land-Bound": 1938-1962

Chapter V: The Modern Era

Chapter VI: "Partners in the Park": Relations With the Navajo People

Chapter VII: Archeology at Navajo

Chapter VIII: Threats To The Park

Bibliographic Essay

Appendix 1: Important Dates for Navajo National Monument

Appendix 2: Superintendents and Their Tenure

Appendix 3: Visitation Totals

Appendix 4: Pertinent Legislation
     A. Monument proclamation 1909
     B. Boundary adjustment 1912
     C. Memorandum of Agreement 1962
     D. Maps

Index (omitted from on-line edition)

Figure 1. The controversial inscription at Inscription House ruin, circa 1915
Figure 2. This photo from 1909 shows how Betatakin appeared to the first parties that arrived in the canyon
Figure 3. The old entrance road could be difficult to traverse
Figure 4. The new custodian's residence built in 1939 was the first permanent housing at Navajo
Figure 5. There were so few buildings at Navajo that the custodian had to have his office in the living room
Figure 6. Superintendent John Aubucon looks over the first museum display in the original ranger cabin
Figure 7. Inscription House as Jimmie Brewer saw it in 1941
Figure 8. The congested parking are in this 1949 photo reflects the dramatic increase in visitation in the post-World War era
Figure 9. The grader was an essential part of keeping the dirt road to the monument open
Figure 10. This photo of the new Visitor Center and its surroundings suggests the degree of change that resulted from its construction
Figure 11. Navajo Medicine Men prepare to bless the New Visitor Center. From left to right are: Hubert Laughter, Ben Gilmore, Floyd Laughter, and Mailboy Begay
Figure 12. Before the Visitor Center, this converted storage shed served as the contact station for visitors at Navajo National Monument
Figure 13. Visitors load their horses for a trip to Keet Seel
Figure 14. Food or corn grinding place in Betatakin Ruins. Photo by Luke E. Smith, 1921
Figure 15. Betatakin Ruins (hillside house), near Kayenta, Arizona
Figure 16. Betatakin Ruins, May 1921. Photos by Luke E. Smith
Figure 17. Keet Seel in 1914, after Richard Wetherill's visits, but before stabilization work had been performed
Figure 18. CWA workers helped to stabilize Keet Seel in the 1930s
Figure 19. Erosion in front of Keet Seel, 1934
Figure 20. Arroyo below Keet Seel, 1976

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Last Updated: 28-Aug-2006