For those who wish to study the natural history of the Great Smoky Mountains further, the following selected references are offered. While the list is far from complete, the publications selected give additional and, in many instances, detailed and helpful information.
BOWMAN, ELIZABETH SKAGGS. 1948. Land of High Horizons. Southern Publishers, Inc., Kingsport, Tenn. Popular.
BUTCHER, DEVEREUX. 1955. Exploring Our National Parks and Monuments, 288 pp. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. Beautifully illustrated book (in cloth or paper covers), with interesting background information.
CAIN, STANLEY A. 1930a. Certain Floristic Affinities of the Trees and Shrubs of the Great Smoky Mountains and Vicinity. Butler Univ. Bot. Studies, v. 1, pp. 129-150. Technical.
______. 1930b. An Ecological Study of the Heath Balds of the Great Smoky Mountains. Butler Univ. Bot. Studies, v. 1, pp. 177-208. An important pioneering study of the initiation, maintenance, and distribution of this type of vegetation.
______. 1943. The Tertiary Character of the Cove Hardwood Forests of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Torrey Bot. Club Bull., v. 70, pp. 213-235. Author concludes that the park's virgin hardwood forests are "the finest example of temperate Tertiary forests to be found anywhere in the world, except probably in Eastern Asia." Technical.
EATON, ALLAN H. 1937. Handicrafts of the Southern Highlands. Russell Sage Foundation, New York. A standard work on the subject.
FINK, PAUL M. 1933. Early Explorers in the Great Smokies. East Tenn. Hist. Soc. Publ., v. 5, pp. 55-68. East Tennessee Historical Society, Knoxville. Popular.
1934. Great Smokies History Told in Place Names. East Tenn. Hist. Soc. Publ., v. 3, pp. 3-11. East Tennessee Historical Society, Knoxville. Popular.
HAIRSTON, NELSON G. 1949. The Local Distribution and Ecology of the Plethodontid Salamanders of the Southern Appalachians. Ecol. Monog., v. 19, pp. 47-73. Technical.
JENNISON, HARRY M. 1939. A Sketch of the Flora of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Tenn. Acad. Sci. Journ., v. 14, no. 3, pp. 266-298. Popular.
KELLOGG, REMINGTON. 1939. Annotated List of Tennessee Mammals. U.S. Natl. Museum. Proc., v. 86, no. 3051, pp. 245-303. Contains important commentaries on native species, both present and extirpated.
KELSEY, HARLAN P., and DAYTON, WILLIAM A. (editors). 1942. Standardized Plant Names, 2d ed., 675 pp. J. Horace McFarland Co., Harrisburg, Pa.
KEPHART, HORACE. 1913 (rev. 1922). Our Southern Highlanders, 469 pp. Macmillan Co., New York. A very readable popular book by one who, for many years, lived very close to these people.
KING, P. B., and STUPKA, ARTHUR. 1950. The Great Smoky MountainsTheir Geology and Natural History. Sci. Monthly, v. 71, pp. 31-43. Technical.
KING, P. B., HADLEY, J. B., NEWMAN, R. B., and HAMILTON, W. B. 1958. Stratigraphy of Ocoee Series, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee and North Carolina. Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 69, pp. 947-966. A very important technical account by geologists most familiar with the area.
KING, WILLIS. 1939. A Survey of the Herpetology of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Amer. Midland Nat., v. 21, pp. 531-582. This and the following reference are the best for the park area. Together, they include the great majority of the local amphibians and reptiles.
_______. 1944. Herpetological Notes. Additions to the List of Amphibians and Reptiles of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Copeia, no. 4 (1944), p. 255. (See preceding reference.)
KOMAREK, EDWIN V., and KOMAREK, Roy. 1938. Mammals of the Great Smoky Mountains. Chicago Acad. Sci. Bull., v. 5, no. 6, pp. 137-162. The first fairly complete report on the subject. In need of revision.
KORSTIAN, C. F. 1937. Perpetuation of Spruce on Cutover and Burned Lands in the Higher Southern Appalachian Mountains. Ecol. Monog., v. 7, pp. 125-167. Excellent summary relating to the Canadian-zone forests in the park and vicinity.
LITTLE, ELBERT L., JR. 1953. Check List of Native and Naturalized Trees of the United States (Including Alaska), 472 pp. U.S. Dept. Agr. Handb. No. 41.
MARK, A. F. 1958. The Ecology of the Southern Appalachian Grass Balds. Ecol. Monog., v. 28, pp. 293-336. One of the best and most comprehensive reports on the subject.
NEUMAN, ROBERT B. 1947. Notes on the Geology of Cades Cove, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee. Tenn. Acad. Sci. Jour., v. 22, no. 3, pp. 167-712. A brief account of this fenster, or "window," in the rocks.
SHANKS, R. E. 1954. Climates of the Great Smoky Mountains. Ecology, v. 35, pp. 354-361. Based on a 5-year survey of temperature and precipitation data along the transmountain road.
STEPHENS, GEORGE MYERS. 1947. The Smokies Guide. Stephens Press, Asheville, N.C. Popular.
STUPKA, ARTHUR. 1943. Through the Year in the Great Smoky Mountains, Month by Month, in The Great Smokies and the Blue Ridge, Roderick Peattie, ed., pp. 263-289. Vanguard Press, New York. Popular.
TANNER, JAMES T. 1955. The Altitudinal Distribution of Birds in a Part of the Great Smoky Mountains. The Migrant, v. 26, no. 3, pp. 37-40. Has range chart for 30 species.
______. 1957. Adventures for Bird-Watchers in the Great Smoky Mountains. Audubon Mag., v, 59, pp. 118-123. A very good popular account by an authority.
THORNBOROUGH, LAURA. 1956. The Great Smoky Mountains, 180 pp. Univ. of Tenn. Press, Knoxville. Popular.
TILDEN, FREEMAN. 1951. The National ParksWhat They Mean to You and Me, 417 pp. Alfred A. Knopf, New York. A guide to the parks, monuments, and historic sites of the United States.
WELLS, B. W. 1937. Southern Appalachian Grass Balds. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. Jour., v. 53, pp. 1-26. A summary of the various theories relating to the initiation of these high-altitude meadows. Other theories have been proposed since this was written.
WETMORE, ALEXANDER. 1939. Notes on the Birds of Tennessee. U.S. Natl. Museum Proc., v. 86, no. 3050, pp. 175-243. Important commentaries by an authority. Species occurring in western and middle Tennessee are also discussed.
______. 1941. Notes on the Birds of North Carolina. U.S. Natl. Museum Proc., v. 90, no. 3117, pp. 483-530. An important reference on the subject. Comments on western North Carolina birds are applicable to park species.
WHITTAKER, R. H. 1956. Vegetation of the Great Smoky Mountains. Ecol. Monog., v. 26, pp. 1-80. Technical.