Appendix V (omitted from on-line edition)
National Park Service Repositories
Manassas National Battlefield Park, Manassas, Va. (MNBP)
National Park Service History Division Files and Archives, Washington, D.C.
National Capital Region Files, Washington, D.C.
National Park Service History Collection, Harpers Ferry Center, Harpers Ferry, W. Va. (HFC)
National Park Service Historic Photographic Collection, Charles Town, W. Va.
National Archives and Records Administration, Archives II, College Park, Md. (NARA)
Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Md. (WNRC)
Prince William County Archives, Manassas, Va.
Bull Run Library, Virginiana Room, Manassas, Va.
Manassas Museum, Manassas, Va.
National Parks and Conservation Association, Washington, D.C. (NPCA)
Department of the Interior Natural Resources Library, Washington, D.C.
Papers of Howard Worth Smith, Special Collections Department, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
Albright, Horace M. Origins of National Park Service Administration of Historic Sites. Philadelphia: Eastern National Park and Monument Association, 1971.
Albright, Horace M., as told to Robert Cahn. The Birth of the National Park Service: The Founding Years 1913-33 Salt Lake City: Howe Brothers, 1985.
Blackford, Susan Leigh, and Charles Minor Blackford. Letters from Lee's Army or Memories of Life In and Out of the Army in Virginia During the War Between the States. Ed. Charles Minor Blackford III. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1947.
Bodnar, John. Remaking America: Public Memory, Commemoration, and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992.
Boge, Georgie, and Margie Holder Boge. Paving over the Past: A History and Guide to Civil War Battlefield Preservation. Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1993.
Civil War Sites Advisory Commission. Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1993.
"Civil War Sites Face Grave Threats." National Parks 67 (November/ December 1993): 10-11.
Dierenfield, Bruce J. Keeper of the Rules: Congressman Howard W Smith of Virginia. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1987.
Dwight, Theodore, ed. The Virginia Campaign of 1862 Under General Pope. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1895.
Fitts, Deborah. "Interior Dept. Plans National Fundraising for CW Battlefields." Civil War News, January/February 1991, 1, 32.
Fordney, Chris. "Embattled Ground." National Parks 68 (November/December 1994): 27-31.
Foresta, Ronald A. America's National Parks and Their Keepers. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, 1984.
Frome, Michael. Regreening the National Parks. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1992.
Garreau, Joel. Edge City: Life on the New Frontier. New York: Doubleday, 1991.
Gillette, Jane Brown. "Fields Forgotten." Historic Preservation 45 (July/August 1993) 34-39, 86.
"Hallowed Ground." The Economist, 20 August 1988, 25-26.
Hennessy, John J. Return to Bull Run: The Campaign and Battle of Second Manassas. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993.
Kammen, Michael. Mystic Chords of Memory: The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.
Krick, Robert E. L. "The Civil War's First Monument." Blue & Gray, April 1991, 32-34.
Lamme, Ary J. III. America's Historic Landscapes: Community Power and the Preservation of Four National Historic Sites. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989.
Lee, Ronald F. The Origin and Evolution of the National Military Park Idea. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1973.
Lewis, Thomas A. "Fighting for the Past." Audubon, September 1989, 58-72.
Linenthal, Edward Tabor. Sacred Ground: Americans and Their Battlefields. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991.
Linenthal Edward Tabor, and Tom Engelhardt, eds. History Wars: The Enola Gay and Other Battles for the American Past. New York: Metropolitan Books/Henry Holt, 1996.
Lusk, William Thompson. War Letters. New York: privately printed, 1911.
Mackintosh, Barry. The National Parks: Shaping the System. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, 1984.
_____. National Park Service Administrative History: A Guide. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1991.
_____. "The National Park Service Moves into Historical Interpretation." Public Historian 9 (spring 1987): 51-63.
O'Donnell, Mike. At Manassas: Reunions, Reenactments, Maneuvers. Mechanicsville, Va.: Rapidan Press, 1986.
Powell, Jody. "Battling over Manassas" National Parks 62 (July/August 1988): 12-13.
Rainey, Reuben M. "The Memory of War: Reflections on Battlefield Preservation. In The Yearbook of Landscape Architecture: Historic Preservation, ed. Richard L. Austin, et al. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, n.d., 69-89.
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano. Public Papers and Addresses. New York: Random House, 1938.
Runte, Alfred. National Parks: The American Experience. 2d ed., rev. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1987.
Sellars, Richard West. "Vigil of Silence: The Civil War Memorials." History News, July/August 1986, 19-23.
"Stables Expansion at Manassas Defeated." National Parks 65 (September/October
"Stables for Quayle Planned at Manassas National Parks 65 (March/April 1991): 11.
Swain, Donald C. Wilderness Defender: Horace M. Albright and Conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.
Unrau, Harlan D. Administrative History: Gettysburg National Military Park and Gettysburg National Cemetery, Pennsylvania. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, July 1991.
Unrau, Harlan D., and G. Frank Williss. "To Preserve the Nation's Past: The Growth of Historic Preservation in the National Park Service During the 1930s." Public Historian 9 (spring 1987): 19-49.
U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. General and Oversight Briefing Relating to Developments Near Manassas National Battlefield Park: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation. 93d Cong., 1st sess., 3 April 1973.
_______. National Outdoor Recreation Programs and Policies: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on National Parks and Recreation. 93d Cong., 1st sess., March 1973.
U.S. Congress. House. Committee on Veterans' Affairs. Bills Related to the National Cemetery System and to Burial Benefits: Hearings Before the Subcommittee on Cemeteries and Burial Benefits. 94th Cong. 1st sess., December 1975, January and February 1976.
_______. National Cemetery Site Selection, Pennsylvania, and the Vicinity of the District of Columbia: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Cemeteries and Burial Benefits. 94th Cong., 1st sess., 17 November 1975.
______. Proposed Establishment of a National Cemetery Adjacent to Manassas National Battlefield Park: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Hospitals on HR. 8818 and Related Bills. 91st Cong., 1st sess., 23 September 1969.
U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Manassas Battlefield and Historic Sites: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Parks and Recreation. 95th Cong., 1st sess., 28 June 1977.
_______. Manassas National Battlefield Park, Virginia; and Miscellaneous Hawaii Park Proposals: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Parks, Recreation, and Renewable Resources. 96th Cong., 2d sess., 3 September 1980.
_______. Manassas National Battlefield Park Amendments of 1988: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks and Forests on H.R. 4526. 100th Cong., 2d sess., 8 September 1988.
U.S. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. Providing for Increases inn Appropriation Ceilings and Boundary Changes in Certain Units of the National Park System, and for Other Purposes. 92d Cong., 1st sess. 1971, S. Rept. 452.
Utley, Robert M. "A Preservation Ideal." Historic Preservation 28 (April/June 1976).
Van Dyne, Larry. "Hit the Road, Mick." Washingtonian, January 1995, 58-63, 114-27.
Webb, Robert. "Storm over Manassas: A Plan to Develop Part of Virginia's Famed Civil War Battlefield Is Provoking the Greatest Preservation Battle in Years." Historic Preservation 40 (July/August 1988): 40-45.
Will, George F. "Where Men Fought and Fell." Newsweek, 18 July 1988, 68.
In conjunction with the researching and writing of this history, the author conducted twenty-three interviews with people prominent in the history of the park. These interviews, in addition to one with Francis Wilshin conducted by S. Herbert Evison in 1971, are listed below. All interviews have been transcribed. The National Park Service retains custody of the audio cassettes and transcripts. The Wilshin interview is held at Harpers Ferry Center; the interviews conducted by the author are held at Manassas National Battlefield Park.
Michael Andrews, U.S. House of Representatives (D-Tex.), 1983-95. 1 November 1994
Kenneth E. Apschnikat, MNBP superintendent, 1988-95. 10 August 1994
Edwin C. Bearss, NPS chief historian, 1981-94.5 April 1994.
Russell W. Berry Jr., MNBP superintendent, 1969-73. 10 February 1994.
Dale Bumpers, U.S. Senate (D-Ark.), 1974-present. 7 December 1994.
Bruce Craig, cultural resources program coordinator, National Parks and Conservation Association. 16 June 1994
Berry Duley, local activist. 14 July 1994.
A. Wilson Greene, president, Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites. 2 August 1994.
Carl Hanson, MNBP park ranger, law enforcement, visitor protection, 1970-present. 19 August 1994.
Herb Harris, U.S. House of Representatives (D-Va.), 1975-81. 16 June 1994.
John T. ("Til") Hazel, president, Hazel/Peterson Companies. 7 November 1994.
Richard E. Hoffman, MNBP superintendent, 1973-77. 31 March 1994.
James Oliver Horton, historical advisor to the Walt Disney Company. 24 August 1996.
Richard Moe, president, National Trust for Historic Preservation. 17 November 1995.
Susan K. Moore, MNBP management assistant, 1986-88. 10 May 1994.
L. Van Loan Naisawald, MNBP park historian, 1957-60. 2 February 1994.
John Parsons, National Capital Region, associate regional director, land-use coordinator, 1977-96. 14 June 1994.
Jody Powell, public relations, Ogilvy-Mather, 1988. 18 October 1994.
Peter Rummell, president, Disney Design and Development. 9 May 1996.
Jerry L. Russell, national chairman, Civil War Round Table Associates, 27 July 1994.
Kathleen K. Seefeldt, chairman, Prince William County Board of Supervisors, 1976-present. 21 November 1994.
Anne D. Snyder, local activist. 19 October 1993.
Rolland R. Swain, MNBP superintendent, 1980-88. 6 April 1994.
Francis F. Wilshin, MNBP superintendent, 1955-69. 29 June 1971.