Hagen, Olaf T., "Modoc War Correspondence and
Documents, 1865-1878," May 1942, typescript, Office of Archeology and
Historic Preservation, NPS. Approximately 1780 pages of documents
selected from records in the National Archives, War Department, Presidio
of San Francisco, University of California (Berkeley) Library, and the
Applegate Collection. Arranged chronologically. Most, if not all, the
military records in this collection are now in the National Archives.
Where the Hagen typescript was used it was so identified because of the
possibility of typographical errors.
McCarthy, Michael, "Journal of Michael McCarthy,"
Library of Congress. Sergeant McCarthy's journal contains the very
important letter he wrote on the day Captain Jack was captured.
McCarthy, Michael, "Army Sketches," Library of
Congress. This longer account by Sergeant McCarthy contains his
reflections on the Modoc War. In 1873 he was a sergeant in Troop H, 1st
McLeod, Kenneth. Typescript of an interview taped at
Lava Beds NM, November 1961. McLeod was a long-time resident of the
Klamath Falls area. His grandparents were forced to flee their ranch at
the beginning of the Modoc War. Were Mr. Mcleod still alive he would
undoubtedly enjoy the controversy arising from some of his opinions
concerning the war.
Miller, Col. William Haven, "Incidents of the Modoc
War." Narrative made available to Dr. Ron Rickey by Miller's grandson,
Capt. Charles F. Humphrey, Vallejo, Calif. Miller was a second
lieutenant in Troop F, 1st Cavalry, during the Modoc War.
National Archives. Consulted sources in the
National Archives included: Record Group (RG) 48, Records of the Office
of the Secretary of the Interior, Special File, Modocs, 1873. RG 92,
Quartermaster Consolidated File, Fort Klamath, 1872-73. RG 94, Records
of the Office of the Adjutant General: Modoc War, 1872-73, Document
File; Fort Klamath, Post Medical History, 1872-73; and Medal of Honor
File, Maj. John Green, 1st Cavalry. RG 98, Regimental Returns, 1st
Cavalry and 4th Artillery, 1872-73; Fort Klamath Letter Books, vols. 6
and 7; and Fort Klamath, Letters Received, 1872-73. RG 29, Microfilm
666, 1871, Rolls 20, 21, and 22, Modoc Indians, 1871-72. Branch of Still
Pictures. Branch of Cartographic Records.
The Yreka Union, 1872-73.
New York Herald,
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Annual Reports, 1868-74.
Heitman, Francis B., Historical Register and Dictionary of the . .
. United Army . . . 1788 . . . 1903, 2 vols. Washington, 1903.
House Documents, 43d Cong., 1st Sess., No. 122, Correspondence and
papers relative to the Modoc War.
Manucy, Albert, Artillery Through the Ages, National Park
Service Interpretive Series, History No. 3, Washington, 1949.
National Park Service, Soldier and Brave, vol. 12 The National
Survey of Historical Sites and Buildings, New York, Harper and Row,
Periodicals and Articles
Army and Navy Journal, 1872-73
Dillon, Richard H., "Costs of the Modoc War," California
Historical Society Quarterly, 28 (1949), 161-64.
Harper's Weekly, 1873
Illustrated London News, 1873
Lord, Francis A., "The Coehorn Mortar," Civil War Times
Illustrated, 5 (August, 1966), 18-19.
Santee, J. F., "Edward R. S. Canby, Modoc War, 1873," Oregon
Historical Quarterly, 33 (1932), 70-78.
Terwilliger, J. N., "Letter," Winners of the West, April 26,
Trimble, Will J., "A Soldier of the Oregon Frontier," Oregon
Historical Quarterly, 8 (1907), 42-50.
Wells, Harry S., "The Ben Wright Massacre," The West Shore, 10
Books and Pamphlets
Bancroft, Hubert Howe, History of Oregon, 2 vols. San
Francisco, The History Company, 1888.
Beyer, Walter F. and Oscar F. Keydel, Deeds of Valor, How
America's Heroes Won the Medal of Honor, Detroit, The Perrien-Keydel
Biddle, Ellen McGowan, Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife,
Philadelphia, J. B. Lippincott Company, 1907.
Bland, T. A., Life of Alfred B. Meacham, Together with his
Lecture, The Tragedy of the Lava Beds, Washington, T. A. & M. G.
Brady, Cyrus Townsend, Northwestern Fights and Fighters,
American Fights and Fighters Series, New York, Doubleday, Page &
Busch, George B., Duty, The Story of the 21st Infantry
Regiment, Sendai, Japan, Hyappan Printing Co., 1953.
Dillon, Richard H., ed., William Henry Boyle's Personal
Observations on the Conduct of the Modoc War, Los Angeles, Dawson's
Book Shop, n.d.
Dunn, J. P., Massacres of the Mountains, A History of the Indian
Wars of the Far West, New York, Harper & Brothers, 1886.
Frémont, John Charles, Memoirs of My Life, vol 1,
Chicago, Belford, Clarke & Co., 1887.
Grover, La Fayette, Report of Governor Grover to General Schofield
on the Modoc War, Salem, Mart. V. Brown, State Printer, 1874.
Heyman, Marc L., Jr., Prudent Soldier, A Biography of Major
General E. R. S. Canby, 1817-1873, Glendale, The Arthur H. Clark
Jocelyn, Stephen Perry, Mostly Alkali, Caldwell, Caxton
Printers, Ltd., 1953.
Johansen, Dorothy O. and Charles M. Gates, Empire on the Columbia,
A History of the Pacific Northwest, New York, Harper & Row,
Johnson, Allen, ed., Dictionary of American Biography, 20
vols. New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1943.
Klamath County Museum, Research Papers No. 2, "The Samuel A.
Clarke Papers," Klamath Falls, Guide Printing Co., 1960.
Knight, Oliver, Following the Indian Wars; The Story of the
Newspaper Correspondent Among the Indian Campaigners, Norman,
University of Oklahoma Press, 1960.
Meacham, Alfred B., Wigwam and War-Path, or the Royal Chief in
Chains, Boston, John P. Dale & Co., 1875.
Meacham, Alfred B., Wi-Ne-Ma, (The Woman Chief), and Her
People, Hartford American Publishing Company, 1876.
Morgan, Dale, ed., Overland In 1846, Diaries and Letters of the
California-Oregon Trail, 2 vols., Georgetown, Calif., The Talisman
Muir, John, Steep Trails, Boston, Hoghton Mifflin Co., 1918.
Murray, Keith A., The Modocs and Their War, Norman, University of
Oklahoma Press, 1958.
Prucha, Francis Paul, A Guide to the Military Posts of the United
States, 1789-1895, Madison, The State Historical Society of
Ray, Verne F., Primitive Pragmatists, the Modoc Indians of
Northern California, Seattle, U. of Washington Press, 1963.
Rickey, Don, Jr., Forty Miles a Day on Beans and Hay, The Enlisted
Soldier Fighting the Indian Wars, Norman, U. of Oklahoma Press,
Riddle, Jeff C., The Indian History of the Modoc War, and the
Causes That Led to It, n.p., 1914.
Simon, William, Meeting the Sun: A Journey All Round the
World, London, Longmans, Green, Reader, and Dyer, 1874.
Stern, Theodore, The Klamath Tribe, A People and Their
Reservation, Seattle, U. of Washington Press, 1965.
Thompson, Colonel William, Reminiscences of a Pioneer, San
Weigley, Russell F., History of the United States Army, New
York, The Macmillan Company, 1967.
Workers of the Writers' Program, WPA, Oregon, End of the
Trail, American Guide Series, Portland, Binfords and Mort, 1940.
A company lined up as if prepared for an
inspection at Gillem's Camp. Their uniforms are much neater than might
be expected because of the low morale.