A large number of people contributed much to the
preparation of this study. Thanks are extended to Suzanne Dockal and
Wilda Kuzio who accomplished wonders in preparing and typing it. Sarah
Jackson, at the National Archives, gave advice on and made available
military documents. C. William Burk and Francis S. Landrum, Klamath
Falls, took the time to guide me to Willow Creek, the scene of Captain
Jack's surrender. Mr. Landrum, an ardent student of the geography and
history of the Modoc War, also took the time to answer in detail a long
list of questions.
Several members of the Division of History, National
Park Service, gave extensively of their knowledge. John Dishon McDermott
and Don Rickey, Jr., gave me leads to valuable materials that
contributed greatly. Frank B. Sarles, Jr., read the report and unearthed
the all-too-many sins in style and grammar. James W. Sheire helped
greatly by reading through volumes of newspapers, uncovering the
dispatches of war-time correspondents.
Thanks are extended too to Superintendent William J.
Kennedy and Chief Naturalist Dale C. Thompson, Lava Beds National
Monument, who gave freely of their time and made available the
historical resources of the park. And my thanks also to E. F. Sullivan,
Bureau of Reclamation, Sacramento, who made available many excellent
maps of Tule Lake and the surrounding area, then and now. Despite this
wealth of assistance, it was I who made the errors that may be found
The publisher gratefully acknowledges the cooperation
of the National Park Service in making this book possible.
The Lava Beds today. Gillem Bluff is to
left. Fields occupy the bed of Tule Lake in background. The lava flows
have not changed. A-Site of Gillem's Camp. B-Site of attack on Thomas