5"Minutes of Executive Committee Meeting" Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association, 29 June 1949, typed meeting minutes, JNEMA; memorandum, Spotts to Director NPS, 8 July 1949, JNEMA; memorandum for the files, comments made at meeting of July 7 1949, in Mayor Darst's office, typed comments, JNEMA.
11Crowdus to Saarinen, 15 August 1949, JNEMA; memorandum (confidential), Superintendent JNEM to Director NPS, 21 September 1949, JNEMA; memorandum, Spotts to Director NPS, 28 September 1949, JNEMA. In stressing the need for parking, Mayor Darst estimated that space would be needed for 3,500 autos daily. Spotts doubted that 10,000 visitors would ever attend the memorial on any given day except for special occasions. Such a large visitation would seriously damage the area from overuse. In 1978 the memorial's highest attendance stood at 3,500,000 for a calendar year.
21Memorandum of Understanding, 6 December 1949, JNEMA. Those signing the document: Mayor Joseph Darst, P.J. Neff, chief executive officer for the trustees, Missouri Pacific Railroad; Armstrong Chinn, president, Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis; Luther Ely Smith for the commission, William Crowdus for the association, Eero Saarinen and National Park Service Director Newton Drury.
27See St. Louis Post-Dispatch, St. Louis Globe-Democrat and the St. Louis Star-Times, October-November-December, 1949 (especially the Star-Times, 28-30 November, 1-2 December, 1949). Association members sought citizen support by placing an ad entitled "Wake Up St. Louis" in all three newspapers on November 8. Many letters of support came in. Attacks on the Arch came from some businessmen who feared a "white elephant." St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 28 October 1949. The president of the Cardinal baseball organization proposed placing a stadium on the site, which provoked even more controversy. St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 4 November 1949.
30St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 14 November 1949. For more information on the deteriorated state of the parks in the late 1940s and early 1950s, see John Ise, Our National Park Policy (Baltimore: John Hopkins Press 1961), Chapters XXI and XXV.
31Memorandum, Spotts to Director NPS, 18 February 1949, JNEMA; Smith to Drury, 24 February 1949, JNEMA; "Minutes of Executive Committee Meeting," Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association, 6 May 1949, typed meeting minutes, JNEMA; memorandum, Spotts to Director NPS, 11 May 1949, JEFF.
32Spotts to Saarinen, 22 December 1949, JNEMA. St. Louis Counselor Crowe, Terminal counsel Richard Coburn, and association members agreed on the draft. The commission's executive committee approved the draft on December 19. Smith to John Sullivan, 29 December 1949, JNEMA; Smith to Wayne Morse, 30 December 1949, JNEMA.
40Program, Thirty-Fifth Division, Thirtieth Reunion, 9, 10, 11 June 1950, JNEMA; St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 11 June 1950. The reunion attracted such notables as the French ambassador to the United States, various state governors, cabinet members, congressmen and army brass. Both Mayor Joseph Darst and Missouri Governor Forrest Smith walked in the parade with Truman, but newspaper accounts said that Darst was wilting and Smith was limping by the time they reached the Old Courthouse. The walk did not seem to affect "spry" Truman. In his speech, Truman accused the Soviet Union of preparing for war, had harsh words for American isolationists, and compared the importance of foreign policy in Jefferson's day with that of 1950.
50Mrs. Perry S. Forthmann to Foulis, 21 October 1950, JNEMA; Smith to Howard I. Young, 24 November 1950, JNEMA; report by William Semsrott, 1 December 1950, JNEMA; Regan to James Douglas, 4 December 1950, JNEMA.
51Stanley Rector to Douglas, 7 December 1950, JNEMA; Crowdus to members of the Board of Trustees, Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association, 14 December 1950, JNEMA; Sullivan to Crowdus, 20 September 1950, JNEMA.
55Darst to Spotts, 7 March 1950, JEFF; "Minutes of Conference, Mayor's Office," 14 March 1950, typed meeting minutes, JEFF; James Crowe to C.O. Griffis, 14 April 1950, JEFF; Armstrong Chinn to Forrest G. Ferris, Jr., 26 April 1950, JEFF.
56Forrest G. Ferris, Jr. to Smith, 31 May 1950, JNEMA; Complaint Before the Public Service Commission of the State of Missouri, City of St. Louis, Missouri and Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association v. Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis, St. Louis Merchants Bridge Terminal Railway Company, Missouri Pacific Railroad Company 24 May 1950, JEFF.
60State of Missouri Public Service Commission, City of St. Louis v. Terminal Railroad, transcript, oral argument, 8 September 1950, pp. 23, 33-34, JEFF. Louis La Beaume, a former jury member for the architectural competition, also testified before the commission. He advocated placing a concrete embankment carrying the tracks across the front of the memorial. In his judgment the proposal would not destroy Saarinen's plans but would serve useful purposes. Cheaper than a tunnel, the embankment would allow the train passengers to see the memorial. The defendant's counsel, Ernest Hubbell, praised the plan while city counselor Forrest G. Ferris, Jr. condemned it; pp. 21-22, 42-44.
62Memorandum, Lawrence Merriam to Director NPS, 24 February 1950, JNEMA; memorandum, Conrad Wirth to Regional Director, 16 March 1950, JNEMA; memorandum, Regional Director to Superintendent JNEM, 31 March 1950, JNEMA.
63Smith to Wayne Morse, 3 January 1951, JNEMA; Bill, S. 230, U.S. Senate, 82nd Congress, 1st session, 8 January 1951, JNEMA; Bill, H.R. 2937, U.S. House of Representatives, 82nd Congress, 1st Session, 27 February 1951, JNEMA. The introduction of the House bill was delayed due to the death of Representative John B. Sullivan in January 1951. House Speaker Sam Rayburn appointed Representative Frank Karsten to the United States Territorial Expansion Memorial Commission to fill Sullivan's vacancy. Smith to Alben Barkley, 6 February 1951, JNEMA.
70St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 2 April 1951; William Crowdus to Luther Ely Smith, Jr., 4 April 1951, Luther Ely Smith Papers, file: death, Smith, L.E., MHS; Drury to Smith, 20 March 1951, Luther Ely Smith Papers, file: Personal Files N, MHS.
76Memorandum, Superintendent JNEM to Director NPS, 13 April 1951, JEFF; memorandum, Superintendent JNEM to Director NPS, 23 February 1951; JNEMA; St. Louis Globe-Democrat, 15 February 1951; St. Louis Post-Dispatch, 30 March 1951.
Last Updated: 15-Jan-2004