Hubbell Trading Post
Cultural Landscape Report
APPENDIX 2: Types of Landscape Views as Defined
by R. Burton Litton (1974):
Enclosed landscape Typically a valley, with sides enclosing
your vision; definable by means of wall and floor characteristics.
Feature landscape Dominated by feature objects or groups of
feature objects that catch the eye.
Panoramic landscape Little or no boundary restriction; level or
undulating horizon with wide view.
Focal landscape Series of essentially parallel objects seen in
Detail landscape Tied to immediate foreground distances and
pedestrian pace; minor details are noted.
Ephemeral landscape Dependent on transitory effects; five
groups or influences that exist are:
Atmospheric and weather conditions (e.g., sunrise and sunset, clouds,
Projected/reflected images (e.g., shadows, mirrored images in still
Displacements (e.g., fallen leaves, floods, windblown objects);
Signs (e.g., animal tracks, spider webs); and
Animal occupancy (e.g., animal sightings).
Last Updated: 26-Apr-2004