Hopewell Culture
Administrative History
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[No. 1653—Mar. 2, 1923—42 Stat. 2298]

WHEREAS, by section 9 of the Act of Congress approved August 9, 1921 (42 Stat. 147-150), the Director of the Veterans' Bureau, subject to the general direction of the President, was authorized to utilize, inter alia, existing facilities of the War Department in connection with the care, rehabilitation and return to civil employment of disabled persons discharged from the military or naval forces of the United States;

AND WHEREAS, the President, at the request of the Director of the Veterans Bureau and upon the recommendation of the Secretary of War, assigned to the Veterans' Bureau, for use in carrying out the provisions of the said Act of Congress, the United States Military Reservation known as Camp Sherman, in the State of Ohio;

AND WHEREAS, that part of the said Reservation upon which is situated the famous prehistoric group of mounds known as the "Mound City Group" is no longer required for the use of the Veterans' Bureau;

AND WHEREAS, by section 2 of the Act of Congress approved June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225), the President is authorized "in his discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments, and may reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected";

AND WHEREAS, the said "Mound City Group" of prehistoric mounds located within the Camp Sherman "Military Reservation, Ohio, is an object of great historic and scientific interest and should be permanently preserved and protected from all depredations and from all changes that will to any extent mar or jeopardize their historic value;

NOW THEREFORE, I, Warren G. Harding, President of the United States of America, under authority of the said Act of Congress of August 9, 1921, do hereby return to the custody and control of the War Department the lands upon which are located the "Mound City Group" of prehistoric mounds situated within the Camp Sherman Military Reservation at Chillicothe, Ohio, and under the authority of the said Act of June 8, 1906, do hereby reserve the lands so returned as a national monument site and declare and proclaim the said group of prehistoric mounds to be a national monument, the lands so returned to the War Department and reserved for said national monument site being more fully described as follows, viz:

All of Sections N and O, bounded on the north by East Liverpool Street, on the east by the Scioto River, on the west by Columbus Avenue, and on the south by Portsmouth Street, containing fifty-seven (57) acres, more or less.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.


DONE at the City of Washington this second day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and twenty-three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and forty-seventh.


By the President:
Secretary of State.

PUBLIC LAW 102-294—MAY 27, 1992

106 STAT. 185

Public Law 102-294
102d Congress

An Act

To rename and expand the boundaries of the Mound City Group National Monument in Ohio.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

May 27, 1992
[S. 749]


The Mound City Group National Monument established by proclamation of the President (Proclamation No. 1653, 42 Stat. 2298) and expanded by section 701 of Public Law 96-607 (94 Stat. 3540), shall, on and after the date of enactment of this Act, be known as the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park". Any reference to the Mound City Group National Monument in any law, regulation, map, document, record, or other paper of the United States shall be considered to be a reference to the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park.

16 USC 410uu.


(a) IN GENERAL.—The boundaries of the Hopewell Culture National Historical Park (referred to as the "park") are revised to include the lands within the areas marked for inclusion in the monument as generally depicted on—

(1) the map entitled "Hopeton Earthworks" numbered 353-80025 and dated July 1987;

(2) the map entitled "High Banks Works" numbered 353-80027 and dated July 1987;

(3) the map entitled "Hopewell Mound Group" numbered 353-80029 and dated July 1987; and

(4) the map entitled "Seip Earthworks" numbered 353-80033 and dated July 1987.

(b) PUBLIC INSPECTION OF MAPS.—Each map described in sub-section (a) shall be on file and available for public inspection in the office of the Director of the National Park Service, Department of the Interior.

(c) ADJUSTMENT OF BOUNDARIES.—The Secretary of the Interior (referred to as the "Secretary") may, by notice in the Federal Register after receipt of public comment, make minor adjustments in the boundaries of areas added to the park by subsection (a) and other areas of the park: Provided, That any such minor boundary adjustments cumulatively shall not cause the total acreage of the park to increase more than 10 per centum above the existing acreage of Mound City Group National Monument, plus the acreage of the inclusions authorized under section 2(a).

(d) ACQUISITION OF LANDS.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may acquire lands and interests in land within the areas added to the park by subsection (a) by donation, purchase with donated or appropriated funds, or exchange.

(2)(A) Lands and interests in land owned by the State of Ohio or a political subdivision thereof may be acquired only by donation or exchange.

(B) Lands and interests in land may be acquired by purchase at a price based on the fair market value thereof as determined by independent appraisal, consistent with the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.).

16 USC 410uu-1.


The Secretary may enter into a cooperative agreement with the Ohio Historical Society, the Archeological Conservancy, and other public and private entities for consultation and assistance in the interpretation and management of the park.

16 USC 410uu-2.


(a) AREAS ADDED BY THIS ACT.—The Secretary shall conduct archeological studies of the areas added to the park by section 2(a) and adjacent areas to ensure that the boundaries of those areas encompass the lands that are needed to provide adequate protection of the significant archeological resources of those areas.

(b) OTHER AREAS.—The Secretary shall conduct archeological studies of the areas described as the "Spruce Hill Works", the "Harness Group", and the "Cedar Bank Works", and may conduct archeological studies of other areas significant to Hopewellian culture, to evaluate the desirability of adding them to the park, and shall report to Congress on any such areas that are recommended for addition to the park.

16 USC 410uu-3.


There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as are necessary for the acquisition of lands and interests in land within the park, the conduct of archeological studies on lands within and adjacent to the park, and the development of facilities for interpretation of the park.

Approved May 27, 1992.

16 USC 410uu-4.

HOUSE REPORTS: No. 102-483 (Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs).
SENATE REPORTS: No. 102-108 (Comm. on Energy and Natural Resources).
    Vol. 137 (1991): Sept. 23, considered and passed Senate.
    Vol. 138 (1992) May 12, considered and passed House.


Last Updated: 04-Dec-2000