1. Meriwether Lewis, The Expedition of Lewis and Clark, ed. William H. Goetzmann and Archibald Hanna, 1814 edition, unabridged in 3 vols. (Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1961), l:xix-xxvi; and William H. Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire: the Explorer and Scientist in the Winning of the West (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1966; New York: Vintage Books, 1972), pp. 3-8.
2. Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire, pp. 242-244 and 249; and John Charles Fremont, The Expeditions of John Charles Fremont, Donald Jackson and Mary Lee Spence, ed., 2 vols. (Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1970), 1:271.
8. J. Cecil Alter, James Bridger, Trapper, Frontiersman, Scout and Guide, a Historical Narrative (Salt Lake City, UT: Shepard Book Company, 1925), p. 337. This material is taken from Capt. W.F. Raynolds's journal.
14. Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire, pp. 409-412 (Goetzmann believes the accomplishments of the Jones survey have been underrated); Saylor, Jackson Hole, p. 109; and Aubrey L. Haines, The Yellowstone Story: A History of our First National Park, 2 vols. (Yellowstone National Park, WY: Yellowstone Library and Museum Association in cooperation with Colorado Associated University Press, 1977), 1:201-203.
15. G.C. Doane, "Expedition of 1876-1877," unpublished manuscript typed from original, Grand Teton National Park Library, pp. 1-7; and Orrin H. and Lorraine J. Bonney, Battledrums and Geysers; the Life and Journals of Lt. Gustavus Cheney Doan (Chicago: Sage Books, 1970).
24. Saylor, Jackson Hole, p. 110; Bonney, Battledrums and Geysers; and Merlin K. Ports, "The Doane Expedition of 1876-1877," Campfire Tales of Jackson Hole (Moose, WY: Grand Teton Natural History Association, 1970), pp. 20-37.
27. Richard A. Bartlett, Great Surveys of the American West (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962), pp. 59-73; Goetzmann, Exploration and Empire, pp. 511-515; and F.V. Hayden to Secretary of the Interior, C. Delano, March 10, 1873, Sixth Annual Report of the US. Geological Survey of the Territories . . .for 1872 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1873), pp. 1-10.
38. F. V. Hayden to Secretary of the Interior, December 1, 1878, Eleventh Annual Report of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey . . .for the Year 1877 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1879), pp. ix-xvi.
42. F. V. Hayden to Secretary of the Interior, January 1, 1879, Twelfth Annual Report of the United States Geological and Geographical Survey . . .for the Year 1878, 2 vols. (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883), l:xiii-xviii.
43. Jackson, Pioneer Photographer, pp. 292-305; and A. D. Wilson, "Report on the Primary Triangulation of 1877 and 1878," Eleventh Annual Report, pp. 651-660. There is some confusion as to whether Hayden accompanied Jackson.
Last Updated: 24-Jul-2004