Park History of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area

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By Hal K. Rothman, Principal Investigator &
Daniel J. Holder Senior Research Historian

Bibliography

Primary Sources

Government Documents

Babal, Marianne. The Top of the Peninsula: A History of Sweeney Ridge and the San Francisco Watershed Lands, San Mateo County, California. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Recreation Area, National Park Service: 1990.

Delgado, James P.and Robert L. Bennett, Research Design for the Historical Archaeological Examination and Documentation of the Remains of the 1848 Sidewheel Steamship Tennessee at Tennessee Cove, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Marin County, California. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Recreation Area, 1978.

___ and Stephen A. Haller. Submerged Cultural Resource Assessment: Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary, and Point Reyes National Seashore. Santa Fe: Southwest Cultural Resources Center, National Park Service, 1989.

Duffus, James. Transfer of the Presidio from the Army to the National Park Service: Statement of James Duffus III, Director, Natural Resources Management Issues, Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division, Before the Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands, Committee on Natural Resources, House of Representatives. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1994.

General Accounting Office. Transfer of the Presidio from the Army to the National Park Service: Report to Congressional Requesters. Washington, D.C.: The Office, 1993.

Grassick, Mary K. Fort Point: Fort Point National Historic Site, Presidio of San Francisco, California. Harpers Ferry Center: Division of Historic Furnishings, National Park Service, 1994.

Keyser Marston & Associates, Presidio Building Leasing and Financing Implementation Strategy: A Supplement to Final General Management Plan Amendment, Presidio of San Francisco, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California, July 1994. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Recreation Area, 1994.

Langellier, J. Phillip. Historic Resource Study: El Presidio de San Francisco: A History under Spain and Mexico, 1776-1846. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service, 1992.

Livingston, Douglas. A Good Life: Dairy Farming in the Olema Valley : A History of the Dairy and Beef Ranches of the Olema Valley and Lagunitas Canyon, Golden Gate National Recreation Area and Point Reyes National Seashore, Marin County, California. San Francisco: National Park Service, Department of the Interior, 1995.

Mackintosh, Barry. Intepretation in the National Park Service: A Historical Perspective. Washington, D.C.: Division of History, National Park Service, 1986.

___. The National Historic Preservation Act and the National Park Service: A History. Washington, D. C.: National Park Service, History Division, 1986.

___. National Park Service Administrative History: A Guide. Washington, D. C.: National Park Service, History Division, 1991.

___. The National Parks: Shaping the System. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, Division of Publications, 1985.

___. The United States Park Police: A History. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1989.

___. Visitor Fees in the National Park System: A Legislative and Administrative History. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, History Division, 1983.

Thompson, Erwin N. and Sally Byrne Woodbridge. Presidio of San Francisco: An Outline of its Evolution as a U.S. Army Post, 1847-1990. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service, 1992.

___. Presidio of San Francisco, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California. Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Denver Service Center, 1992.

National Park Service. Creating a Park for the 21st Century: From Military Post to National Park: Draft General Management Plan Amendment, Presidio of San Francisco, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service: 1993.

___. Creating a Park for the 21st Century: From Military Post to National Park: Final General Management Plan Amendment, Presidio of San Francisco, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service: 1994.

___. Draft General Management Plan Amendment, Environmental Impact Statement, Presidio of San Francisco, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service: 1993.

___. Final General Management Plan Amendment, Environmental Impact Statement, Presidio of San Francisco, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service: 1994.

___. Final General Management Plan Amendment, Presidio of San Francisco. Denver: Denver Service Center, National Park Service: 1994.

___. Muir Woods National Monument, California: Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1987.

___. Presidio Concepts Workbook: A Work-in-Progress Report for Public Review and Feedback. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Recreation Area, National Park Service, 1991.

Robert Peccia & Associates. Presidio Transportation Planning and Analysis Technical Report. Washington, D.C.: The Service, 1993.

United States. Golden Gate National Recreation Area Addition Act of 1992. An Act to Authorize Inclusion of a Tract of Land in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1992.

___. Omnibus Parks and Public Lands Management Act of 1996. An Act to Provide for the Administration of Certain Presidio Properties at Minimal Cost to the Federal Taxpayer, and for Other Purposes. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1996.

United States House of Representatives, Committee on Natural Resources. Golden Gate National Recreation Area/Presidio Management: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands. 103rd Cong., 2d sess. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1993.

United States Senate, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. Authorizing Inclusion of a Tract of Land in the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, California: Report (to accompany S. 870). Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1991.

___. Management of the Presidio in San Francisco by the National Park Service: Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Public Lands, National Parks, and Forests of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. 103rd Cong., 2d sess. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1994.

United States Senate, Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, Subcommittee on Parks and Recreation. Golden Gate National Recreation Area and Farallon National Wildlife Refuge, California: Hearing before the Subcommittee on Parks and Recreation of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, United States Senate, 93rd Congress, 2d sess., on S. 2634, H.R. 10834, S.3187, S.2973 [and] H.R. 11013. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1975.

Newspapers

Daly City Record
Marin Independent-Journal
Palo Alto Times
Petaluma Argus-Courier
Point Reyes Light
Pacific Sun
Pacifica Tribune
Santa Cruz Sentinal
San Francisco Bay Guardian
San Francisco Chronicle
San Francisco Chronicle and Examiner
San Francisco Examiner
San Francisco Independent
San Francisco Progress
San Jose Mercury News

Manuscript and Archives Sources

(Note: All sources cited are held by the Park Archives & Records Center (PARC), Golden Gate National Recreation Area)

Alcatraz Documents. Office of Resource Management & Planning. 1860-1988. GOGA 18340. HDC 409

CCF of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Archives. 1970 — 1996

Fort Point National Historic Site. Administrative Records. 1972-1990. GOGA-2275

GGNRA Land Acquisition Papers. 1974-1978. GOGA 18339. HDC 479

Katharine S. Frankforter. Personal Papers & Records of Headlands, Inc. 1946-1975. GOGA 27066

Natural Resources Management Division. Records. 1980-1994

Office of Communications and Public Affairs. Records. 1974-1996

People for a Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Archives. 1972-1984. GOGA-2705

People for a Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Archives. 1985-1994. GOGA-2434

Press Clippings Collection. 1966-1995. GOGA-2376

Superintendent's Office, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Archives. 1957-1997

Superintendent's Office, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Archives. 1977-1984. GOGA-2194

(NOTE: HDC - refers to Historic Documents Collection, the numbering system in use when manuscript and archives collections owned by the Golden Gate National Recreation Area were maintained and housed by the San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park. The collections have recently been transferred and are now referred to by the Golden Gate National Recreation Area Accession or Catalog numbers, Archives staff can assist in locating these collections.

Oral Interviews

Borjes, Ric, interview by Hal Rothman, June 2, 2000
Chandler, Robert, interview by Sara Conklin, May 14, 1999, Presidio Oral History Project
Haller, Stephen A., interview by Hal Rothman, May 10, 2000
Meyer, Amy, interview, Golden Gate National Recreation Area Archives ?????
Moore, Gregory, interview by Hal Rothman, July 16, 1999
Murray, Ray, 1993, GGNRA Oral History Interview
O'Neill, Brian, interview by Sara Conklin, May 19, 1999, Presidio Oral History project
O'Neill, Brian, interview by Hal Rothman, July 16, 2000
Nadeau, Doug, interview by John Martini, October 6, 1998, Presidio Oral History project
Neubacher, Don, interview by Sara Conklin, April 27, 1999, Presidio Oral History Project
Rand, Yvonne, interview by Sara Conklin, July 23, 1993, GGNRA Oral History Interview
Reynolds, John, interview by Sara Conklin, May 18, 1999, Presidio Oral History project
Sprung, Gary, interview by Hal Rothman, February 19, 2000
Thomas, Bill, interview by Sara Conklin, March 31, 1993, GGNRA Oral History Interview
Whalen, William interview by Sara Conklin, March 27, 1993, GGNRA Oral History Interview
Weideman, Rich, interview by Hal Rothman, July 17, 1999

Secondary Sources

Articles

Adams, Dwight. "The Back Page." Preservation (1997).

"Army Won't Give Up All of a 4-Star Base." The New York Times 143 (August 12, 1994): pa. 7, col. 4.

"Austerity Overcomes the Presidio: Sorrow and Joy Mix as Legendary Garrison Becomes a Park." The New York Times 144 (October 2, 1994): sec. 1, pa. 12, col. 1.

Brockman, C. Frank. "Park Naturalists and the Evolution of National Park Service Interpretation Through World War II." Journal of Forest History (January 1978): 19-29.

Calio, Suzanne. "Corrective Surgery for the Great Highway." Landscape Architecture (September 1978): 424-29.

Camia, Catalina. "House Passes Bill to Provide for Upkeep of Presidio Post." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report 52, n. 33 (August 20, 1994): 2446.

"Clark Adds Sweeney Ridge to Golden Gate NRA." National Parks 58 (May-June 1984): 33.

Connor, John. "Bill for Revamping of Presidio Curbed by Panel in House." The Wall Street Journal (August 5, 1994): pa. B7, col. 5.

Craine, Kimber. "Golden Gate NRA: A Plan to Put Up a Parking Lot." National Parks 58 (November-December 1984): 34-35.

"Debate Surrounds Presidio's Future." National Parks 68, n. 1-2 (January-February 1994): 10-11.

Delgado, James P. "No Longer a Buoyant Ship: Unearthing the Storeship Niantic." California History 63, n. 4.

___. "What Becomes of the Old Ships? Dismantling the Gold Rush Fleet of San Francisco." Pacific Historian 5, n. 3.

Del Rosso, Laura. "Newest National Park to Open in Urban Area." Travel Weekly 53, n. 70 (September 5, 1994): 14-15.

"Golden Gate Guardian Ends a Long Mission." The New York Times 142 (May 18, 1993): pa. 7, col. 1.

"Golden Gate to Get Presidio Army Base." National Parks 63, n. 7-8 (July-August 1989): 14.

Hellmann, Donald J. "The Path of the Presidio Trust Legislation." Golden Gate University Law Review 28 n. 3 (Spring 1998): 319- 98.

"House Approves Creation of Entity over Presidio." The Wall Street Journal (August 19, 1994): pa. 6, col. 4.

Lemann, Nicholas. "The Kids in the Conference Room: How McKinsey & Company Became the Next Big Step." The New Yorker, October 18 & 25, 1999.

McCoy, Charles. "Astonishing Views, and Many Opinions: Must be the Presidio." The Wall Street Journal (April 19, 1994): pa. 1, col. 4.

Nelson, Eric. "Presidio's Toxics Cloud Future as National Park." San Francisco Business Times 5, n. 3 (September 17, 1990): 1

"NPS May Inherit Army's Problems at Presidio." National Parks 65, n. 3-4 (March-April 1991): 12-13.

Ordano, Jo-Ann. "Changing of the Guard." National Parks 67, n. 3-4 (March-April 1993): 30-37.

Paddock, Richard. "View from Presidio: Profits." Los Angeles Times 111 (August 12, 1992): pa. 1, col. 1.

"Presidio to Become National Park." Planning 59, n. 10 (October 1993): 35.

Rosenbaum, David. "Presidio Rehab Draws Fire." ENR 231, n. 19 (November 8, 1993): 24.

Rothman, Hal K. "‘A Regular Ding-Dong Fight:' Agency Culture and Evolution in the Park Service-Forest Service Dispute, 1916-1937," Western Historical Quarterly 26 n. 2 (May 1989): 141-60.

"Senate Panel Clears Bill on Presidio Trust Proposal." The Wall Street Journal (September 23, 1994): pa. 7A, col. 6.

Stapleton, Katina. "House Panel Predicts Savings with Special Presidio Trust." Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report 52, n. 26 (July 2, 1994): 1788.

Tuttle, Liza. "At City's Edge: Urban Parks Provide Open Space and Recreation." National Parks 63, n. 11-12 (1989): 37-40.

Books

Albright, Horace M., as told to Robert Cahn, The Birth of the National Park Service: The Founding Years, 1913-1933. Salt Lake City: Howe Brothers Press, 1986.

___ and Marian Albright Schenck. Creating the National Park Service: The Missing Years. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1999.

Beers, David. Blue Sky Dream: A Memoir of America's Fall from Grace. New York: Doubleday, 1996.

Benton, Lisa. The Presidio: From Army Post to National Park. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1998.

Brick, Philip D. and R. McGregor Cawley. A Wolf in the Garden: The Land Rights Movement and the New Environmental Debate. Lanham, MD: Rowmans and Littlefield, 1996.

Carr, Ethan. Wilderness by Design: Landscape Architecture and the National Park Service. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Catton, Theodore. Inhabited Wilderness: Indians, Eskimos, and National Parks in Alaska. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997.

Cohen, Michael P. The History of the Sierra Club, 1892-1970. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1988.

Cox, Thomas R., Robert S. Maxwell, Phillip Drennon Thomas, and Joseph K. Malone. This Well-Wooded Land: Americans and Their Forests from Colonial Times to the Present. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1985.

Dasmann, Raymond F. The Destruction of California. New York: Macmillan Company, 1965.

DeLeon, Richard E. Left Coast City: Progressive Politics in San Francisco, 1975-1991. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1992.

Dilsaver, Lary M. Ed. America's National Park System: The Critical Documents. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 1994.

Elkind, Sarah. Bay Cities and Water Politics: The Battle for Resources in Boston and Oakland. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1998.

Elliot, George Henry. The Presidio of San Francisco. Washington[?]: 1874[?]

Everhart, William C. The National Park Service. Boulder: Westview Press, 1985.

Foresta, Ronald A. America's National Parks and Their Keepers. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, 1984.

Fox, Stephen R. John Muir and His Legacy: The American Conservation Movement. Boston; Little, Brown, and Company, 1981.

Freemuth, John C. Islands Under Siege: National Parks and the Politics of External Threats. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1991.

Gilbert, Henry. Robin Hood. New York: Blue Ribbon Books, 1912.

Gilliam, Harold and Ann Gilliam. Marin Headlands: Portals of Time. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Park Association, 1993.

Goldman, Eric. The Crucial Decade and After: America, 1945-1955. New York: Knopf, 1966.

Halberstam, David. Playing for Keeps: Michael Jordan and the World He Made. New York: Random House, 1999.

Haller, Stephen A. Post and Park: A Brief Illustrated History of the Presidio. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Parks Association, 1997.

Halprin, Lawrence. Alcatraz: The Future. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Parks Association, 1988.

Hampton, Duane H. How the U.S. Cavalry Saved Our National Parks. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1971.

Harris, Ann G. and Esther Tuttle. Geology of National Parks, 3d ed. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., 1983.

Harris, David V. and Kiver, Eugene P. The Geologic Story of the National Parks and Monuments. New York: Wiley, 1995.

Hart, John. San Francisco's Wilderness Next Door. San Rafael, Calif.: Presidio Press, 1979.

Hartman, Chester. The Transformation of San Francisco. Totowa, New Jersey: Rowman and Allanheld, 1984.

Hartzog, George B. Jr. Battling for the National Parks. Mount Kisco, N.Y.: Moyer Bell Limited, 1988.

Helvarg, David. The War Against The Greens: The ‘Wise Use' Movement, the New Right, and Anti-Environmental Violence. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994.

Ise, John. Our National Park Policy: A Critical History. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1961.

Issel, William and Robert W. Cherny. San Francisco 1865-1932: Politics, Power, and Urban Development. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Jacobs, John. A Rage for Justice: The Passion and Politics of Phillip Burton. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Kaplan, Robert D. An Empire Wilderness: Travels into America's Future. New York: Random House, 1998.

Johnson, Marilynn S. Oakland and the East Bay in World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Lears, T. J. Jackson. No Place of Grace: AntiModernism and the Transformation of American Culture, 1880-1920. New York: Pantheon, 1981.

Lewis, R. W. B. The American Adam: Innocence, Tragedy, and Tradition in the Nineteenth Century. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

Liberatore, Karen. The Complete Guide to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1982.

Lotchin, Roger. Fortress California, 1910-1961: From Warfare to Welfare. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Markusen, Ann, Peter Hall, Scott Campbell, and Sabina Deitrick. The Rise of the GunBelt: The Military ReMapping of Industrial America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

___ and Joel Yudken, Dismantling the Cold War Economy. New York: Basic Books, 1992.

Morgan, Dan. Rising in the West: A True Story of an "Okie" Family From the Great Depression through the Reagan Years. New York: Knopf, 1992.

Nash, Roderick. Wilderness and the American Mind. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

___. World War II and the West: Reshaping the Economy. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Olmsted, Nancy. To Walk with a Quiet Mind: Hikes in the Woodlands, Parks, and Beaches of the San Francisco Bay Area. San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1975.

Pyne, Stephen J. How the Canyon Became Grand: A Short History. New York: Viking, 1998.

Rawls, James J.and Walton Bean, California: An Interpretive History. New York: McGraw Hill, 1993.

Reisner, Marc. Cadillac Desert: The American West and its Disappearing Water. New York: Viking, 1986.

Ridenour, James. National Parks Compromised: Pork Barrel Politics and America's Treasures. Merrillville, Ind.: ICS Books, 1994.

Robinson, Judith. "You're in Your Mother's Arms": The Life and Legacy of Congressman Phil Burton. San Francisco: Mary Judith Robinson, 1994.

Rothman, Hal. Bandelier National Monument: An Administrative History. Santa Fe: National Park Service, 1988. Southwest Cultural Resources Center Professional Papers n. 14.

___. Conservation and Environmentalism in the American Century. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee Inc., 2000.

___. Devil's Bargains: Tourism in the Twentieth Century American West. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998.

___. The Greening of a Nation? Environmentalism in the U.S. Since 1945. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1998.

___. Preserving Different Pasts: The American National Monuments. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

___. Saving the Planet: the American Response to the Environment in the Twentieth Century. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee Inc., 2000.

___. Navajo National Monument: A Place and its People. Southwest Cultural Resources Series n. 41, Santa Fe: National Park Service, 1991

Rubissow, Ariel. Cliff House & Lands End: San Francisco's Seaside Retreat. San Francisco: Golden Gate National Park Association, 1993.

___. Park Guide, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. San Francisco, Calif.: Golden Gate National Park Association, 1990.

Runte, Alfred. National Parks: The American Experience. 3d ed. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

___. Yosemite: The Embattled Wilderness. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1990.

Schrepfer, Susan R. The Fight to Save the Redwoods: A History of Environmental Reform, 1917-1978. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1983.

Shulman, Seth. The Threat at Home: Confronting the Toxic Legacy of the U.S. Military. Boston: Beacon Press, 1992.

Scott, Mel. The San Francisco Bay Area: A Metropolis in Perspective. 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985.

Seabrook, John. Nobrow: The Culture of Marketing the Marketing of Culture. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000.

Sellars, Richard West Preserving Nature in the National Parks: A History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997.

Shankland, Robert. Steve Mather of the National Parks. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1953.

Smith, Henry Nash. Virgin Land: The American West as Myth and Symbol. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1950.

Strasser, J. B. and Laurie Becklund Swoosh: The Unauthorized Story of Nike and the Men Who Played There. New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1991.

Swain, Donald. Wilderness Defender: Horace M. Albright and Conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Udall, Stewart. The Quiet Crisis. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1963.

Whitnah, Dorothy L. Guide to the Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Berkeley: Wilderness Press, 1978.

Wirth, Conrad. Parks, Politics, and the People. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.


Summary | Superintendents | Legislation | Chronology | Bibliography


Last updated on August 27, 2001

The National Park Service