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Aztec Ruins

Capulin Mountain

Casa Grande

Chaco Canyon


Craters of the Moon

Devils Tower


El Morro

Fossil Cycad

George Washington Birthplace

Glacier Bay

Gran Quivira



Lewis and Clark Cavern

Montezuma Castle

Muir Woods

Natural Bridges


Petrified Forest


Pipe Spring

Rainbow Bridge

Scotts Bluff

Shoshone Cavern





Yucca House

Glimpses of Our
National Monuments




The following rules and regulations for the use and management of the various national monuments under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service are hereby established and made public pursuant to authority conferred by the acts of Congress approved June 8, 1900 (34 Stat. 225), and August 25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535), as amended June 2, 1920 (41 Stat. 731, 732) :

1. Preservation of natural features and curiosities.—The destruction, injury, or disturbance, except as herein provided, of any ruins and other works and relics of prehistoric or primitive man on Government lands within any national monument is prohibited; as is also the destruction, injury, defacement, or disturbance in any way of buildings, signs, equipment, and other property or of caves or other natural formations, trees, flowers, or other vegetation, rocks or minerals, animal, bird, or other life within any monument area.

The marking of any buildings, ruins, trees, or other property, or natural formations with autographs, dates, initials, drawings, or other pencilings, or carvings of any kind whatsoever is prohibited.

2. Examination of ruins.—Permits for the examination and restoration of ruins, the excavation of archeological sites, and the gathering of objects of antiquity or scientific interest may, upon application to the Director of the National Park Service, be granted to accredited representatives of reputable museums, universities, colleges, or other recognized scientific or educational institutions, with a view to increasing the general knowledge on such objects and thereby aiding the general advancement of science, under the conditions and restrictions contained in present or future regulations promulgated to carry out the provisions of the act of Congress approved June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225), entitled "An act for time preservation of American antiquities."

The custodian of any national monument is authorized, in his discretion, to close to visitors any ruin on Government lands within such monument when it shall appear to him that entrance thereto would be dangerous to visitors or might result in injury to walls or other insecure portions thereof, or during repairs, reporting same promptly to the Director of the National Park Service.

No person shall be permitted to enter any cave or cavern on Government lands within any national monument unless accompanied by the custodian or other National Park Service employee or by competent guide.

3. Camping.—No camp shall be made along roads except at localities designated by the custodian or his representative, and when made must be kept neat and orderly.

Camp grounds must be thoroughly cleaned by the occupants before they are abandoned. Cans, bottles, cast-off clothing, and all other débris or refuse shall be placed in garbage receptacles or buried in pits provided for the purpose. Should camps be permitted in localities where pits or cans are not provided, all refuse shall be burned or hidden by the camper where it will not be offensive to the eye.

Campers and others shall not wash clothing or cooking utensils in springs, streams, lakes, or other natural waters of any monument or in any way pollute them.

Campers may use dead or fallen timber only for fuel.

4. Fires.—Fires constitute one of the greatest perils to some of the monuments. They shall be lighted only when necessary, and when no longer needed shall he completely extinguished, all embers and ash beds being smothered with earth or water so that no possibility remains of their again becoming alive.

No lighted match, cigar, or cigarette shall be dropped in grass, twigs, leaves, or tree mold or thrown away unextinguished.

5. Hunting.—The national monuments are sanctuaries for wild life of every sort, and the hunting, killing, wounding, capturing, or frightening of any bird or wild animal in any monument is strictly prohibited, except poisonous snakes or dangerous animals when it is necessary to prevent them from destroying life or inflicting injury.

6. Private operations.—No person, firm, or corporation shall reside permanently, engage in any business, or erect buildings in any monument without permission in writing from the Director of the National Park Service, Washington, D. C. Applications for such permission may be addressed to the director through the custodian or other officer in charge of the monument. Still and motion picture cameras may be freely used in the monuments for general scenic purposes. For the filming of motion pictures requiring the use of artificial or special settings, or involving the performance of a professional cast, permission must first be obtained from the custodian or the Director of the National Park Service.

Campers and all others, save those holding licenses from the Director of the National Park Service, are prohibited from renting their horses, trappings, vehicles, or any other possession to tourists or visitors in any monument.

All persons, firms, or corporations holding franchises or operating permits in any monument shall keep the grounds used by them properly policed and shall maintain the premises in a sanitary condition to the satisfaction of the custodian. No operator shall retain in his employment a person whose presence may be deemed by the custodian, or other officer in charge, subversive of good order and management of the monument.

7. Gambling.—Gambling in any form, or the operation of gambling devices, whether for merchandise or otherwise, is prohibited.

8. Advertisments.—Private notices or advertisements shall not be posted or displayed within any area set apart as a national monument, except as authorized by the National Park Service.

9. Grazing.—The running at large, herding, or grazing of livestock of any kind on the Government lands in a monument, as well as the driving of livestock over same, is prohibited, except where authority therefor has been granted by the custodian in charge of such monument or by the Director of the National Park Service. Livestock found improperly on the monument lands may be impounded and held until claimed by the owner and trespass adjusted.

10. Mining.—The location of mining claims or the carrying on of any mining operations within the national monuments is prohibited.

11. Fines and penalties.—Persons who render themselves obnoxious by disorderly conduct or bad behavior shall be subjected to the punishment herein after prescribed for violation of the foregoing regulations, or they may be summarily removed from any monument by the custodian, or other officer in charge thereof.

Any person who violates any of the foregoing regulations shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a fine of not more than $500, or imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both, and be adjudged to pay all costs of the proceedings.

12. Lost and found articles.—Persons finding lost articles should deposit them with the custodian or his official representative, leaving their own names and addresses, so that if not claimed by owners within 60 days articles may be turned over to those who found them.


In addition to the foregoing general regulations governing the national monuments, the following special regulations governing Muir Woods have been promulgated :

Fishing in the Muir Woods National Monument is hereby prohibited.

All hikers and visitors must leave the monument before dark.


[Public—No. 209]

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That any person who shall appropriate, excavate, injure, or destroy any historic or prehistoric ruin or monument, or any object of antiquity, situated on lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States, without the permission of the Secretary of the department of the Government having jurisdiction over the lands on which said antiquities are situated, shall, upon conviction, be fined in a sum of not more than five hundred dollars, or be imprisoned for a period of not more than ninety days, or shall suffer both fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court.

SEC. 2. That the President of the United States is hereby authorized, in his discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments, and many reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected : Provided, That when such objects are situated upon a tract covered by a bona fide unperfected claim or held in private ownership, the tract, or so much thereof as may be necessary for the proper care and management of the object, may be relinquished to the Government, and the Secretary of the Interior is hereby authorized to accept the relinquishment of such tracts in behalf of tIme Government of the United States.

SEC. 3. That permits for the examination of ruins, the excavation of archaeological sites, and the gathering of objects of antiquity upon the lands under their respective jurisdictions may be granted by the Secretaries of the Interior, Agriculture, and War to institutions which they may deem properly qualified to conduct such examination, excavation, or gathering, subject to such rules and regulations as they may prescribe : Provided, That the examinations, excavations, and gatherings are undertaken for the benefit of reputable museums, universities, colleges, or other recognized scientific or educational institutions, with a view to increasing the knowledge of such objects, and that the gatherings shall be made for permanent preservation in public museums.

SEC. 4. That the Secretaries of the departments aforesaid shall make and publish from time to time uniform rules and regulations for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this act.

Approved, June 8, 1906.


Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there is hereby created in the Department of the Interior a service to be called the National Park Service, which shall be under the charge of a director, who shall be appointed by the Secretary and who shall receive a salary of $4,500 per annum. There shall also be appointed by the Secretary the following assistants and other employees at the salaries designated : One assistant director, at $2,500 per annum; one chief clerk, at $2,000 per annum; one draftsman, at $1,800 per annum; one messenger, at $600 per annum; and, in addition thereto, such other employees as the Secretary of the Interior shall deem necessary : Provided, That not more than $8,100 annually shall be expended for salaries of experts, assistants, and employees within the District of Columbia not herein specifically enumerated unless previously authorized by law. The service thus established shall promote and regulate the use of the Federal areas known as national parks, monuments, and reservations hereinafter specified by such means and measures as conform to the fundamental purpose of the said parks, monuments, and reservations, which purpose is to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.

SEC. 2. That the director shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, have the supervision, management, and control of the several national parks and national monuments which are now under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior, and of the Hot Springs Reservation in the State of Arkansas, and of such other national parks and reservations of like character as may be hereafter created by Congress : Provided, That in the supervision, management, and control of national monuments contiguous to national forests the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with said National Park Service to such extent as may be requested by the Secretary of the Interior.

SEC. 3. That the Secretary of the Interior shall make and publish such rules and regulations as he may deem necessary or proper for the use and management of the parks, monuments, and reservations under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service and any violation of any of the rules and regulations authorized by this act shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500 or imprisonment for not exceeding six months, or both, and be adjudged to pay all cost of the proceedings. He may also, upon terms and conditions to be fixed by him, sell or dispose of timber in those cases where in his judgment the cutting of such timber is required in order to control the attacks of insects or diseases or otherwise conserve the scenery or the natural or historic objects in any such park, monument, or reservation. He may also provide in his discretion for the destruction of such animals and of such plant life as may be detrimental to the use of any of said parks, monuments, or reservations. He may also grant privileges, leases, and permits for the use of land for the accommodation of visitors in the various parks, monuments, or other reservations herein provided for, but for periods not exceeding twenty years; and no natural curiosities, wonders, or objects of interest shall be leased, rented, or granted to anyone on such terms as to interfere with free access to them by the public : Provided, however, That the Secretary of the Interior may, under such rules and regulations and on such terms as he may prescribe, grant the privilege to graze livestock within any national park, monument, or reservation herein referred to when in his judgment such use is not detrimental to the primary purpose for which such park, monument, or reservation was created, except that this provision shall not apply to the Yellowstone National Park : And provided farther, That the Secretary of the Interior may grant said privileges, leases, and permits and enter into contracts relating to the same with responsible persons, firms, or corporations without advertising and without securing competitive bids : And provided further, That no contract, lease, permit, or privilege granted shall be assigned or transferred by such grantees, permittees, or licensees, without the approval of the Secretary of the Interior first obtained in writing : And provided further, That the Secretary may, in his discretion, authorize such grantees, permittees, or licensees to execute mortgages and issue bonds, shares of stock, and other evidences of interest in or indebtedness upon their rights, properties, and franchises for the purposes of installing, enlarging, or improving plant and equipment and extending facilities for the accommodation of the public within such national parks and monuments.

SEC. 4. That nothing in this act contained shall affect or modify the provisions of the act approved February 15, 1901, entitled "An act relating to rights of way through certain parks, reservations, and other public lands."


1890Casa Grande1$2,000
1920National Monuments$8,000
1904     do2900
1921     do8,000
1905     do900
1922     do12,500
1906     do900
1923     do12,500
1907     do3,900
1924     do12,500
1908     do3,900
1925     do21,980
1909     do900
1926     do46,980
1910     do900
1927     do
Carlsbad Cave National Monument
1911     do900
1912     do900
1928National Monuments
Carlsbad Cave National Monument
1913     do900
1914     do900
1929National Monuments
Carlsbad Cave National Monument
1915     do900
1916     do900
1930National Monuments
Carlsbad Cave National Monument4
1917     do
National Monuments
Zion National Monument
Navajo National Monument3

1918National Monuments
Casa Grande

Total appropriated for expenditure on the national monuemnts
1919National Monuments
Casa Grande

1931National monuments83,900
1919Sieur de Monts National Monument10,000

1 Appropriated in act of Mar. 2, 1889, giving President authority to create reservation.

2 $900 per annum from 1904 to 1919 expended under direction of Commissioner of General Land Office for custodian's salary; $3,000 per annum for 1907 and 1908 expended under direction of Smithsonian Institution.

3 Expended under direction of Smithsonian Institution.

4 Carlsbad Cave National Monument was made a national park May 14, 1930, and its name changed to the Carlsbad Caverns National Park.


MonumentsCustodiansPost-office addresses
Arches (Utah)NoneNone
Attec RuinsJohnwill FarisAztec, N. Mex.
Capulin MountainHomer J. FarrCapulin, N. Mex.
Casa GrandeFrank Pinkley (superintendent)1Coolidge, Ariz.
Chaco CanyonHilding PalmerCrownpoint, N. Mex.
ColoradoNoneGrand Junction, Colo.
Craters of the MoonR. B. MooreArco, Idaho
Devils TowerJohn M. ThornHulett, Wyo.
Dinosaur (Utah)NoneNone
El MorroEvon Z. VogtRamah, N. Mex.
Fossil Cycad (south Dakota)NoneNone
George Washington Birthplace (Virginia)----None
Glacier Bay (Alaska)NoneNone
Gran QuiviraW. H. SmithGran Quivira, N. Mex.
Hovenweep (Utah-Colorado)NoneNone
Katmai (Alaska)NoneNone
Lewis end Clark Cavern (Montana)NoneNone
Montezuma CastleMartin L. JacksonCamp Verde, Ariz.
Muir WoodsJohn B. HerschlerMill Valley, Calif.
Natural BridgesZeke JohnsonBlanding, Utah
NavajoJohn WetherillKayenta, Ariz
Petrified ForestChas. J. SmithHolbrook, Ariz.
PinnaclesW. L. HawkinsHollister, Calif.
Pipe SpringCharles Leonard HeatonMoccasin, Ariz.
Rainbow Bridge (Utah)NoneNone
Scotts BluffA. N. MathersGering, Nebr.
Shoshone Cavern (Wyoming)NoneNone
SitkaPeter TrierschieldSitka, Alaska
TumacacoriGeorge L. BoundeyTubac, Ariz.
VerendryeAdolph LarsenSanish, N. Dak.
WupatkiJ. C. ClarkeFlagstaff, Ariz.
Yucca House (Colorado)NoneNone

1 As superintendent of Southwestern Monuments, Mr. Pinkley is in charge of all monuments in New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, and Utah, with the exception of the Dinosaur and Colorado National Monuments. His headquarters are at Coolidge, Ariz.


Last Modified: Thurs, Oct 19 2000 10:00:00 pm PDT

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