INTERPRETIVE PROGRAMS AT EFFIGY MOUNDS NATIONAL MONUMENT
1"Interpretation" is the National Park
Service's educational program. The terms "interpretation" and
"education" are used interchangeably in this chapter.
2Archeologist John Andresen, Casa Grande
Ruins National Monument, personal communication with author, November
28, 1988; and Barry Mackintosh, Interpretation in the National Park
Service: A Historical Perspective (Washington, D.C.: National Park
Service, 1986), 23.
3Mackinstosh, Interpretation in the
National Park Service, 5-6, 9, and passim.
4Monthly Narrative Report, December
6Monthly Narrative Reports, May-July 1950;
and Activities Report, June 21-27, 1950. For a fuller discussion of
interpretive facilities, please refer to Chapter 6.
7Monthly Narrative Reports, April-May
8Monthly Narrative Reports, April
9Memorandum, Superintendent William J.
Kennedy to Regional Director [Howard Baker], December 3, 1952.
10Memorandum, Chief of Museum Branch Ned
J. Burns to Baker, October 22, and November 5, 1952; and Kennedy to
Baker, December 3, 1952.
11Memorandum, Acting Superintendent Logan
to Baker, February 12, 1952.
12See Memorandum, Burns to Baker, March
27 and September 11, 1953.
13See memorandums, Superintendent Walter
T. Berrett to Director [Conrad Wirth], June 17 and October 5, 1954; and
Berrett to Burns, October 20, 1955.
14Fact file, Effigy Mounds National
15Letter, Eldon Haas, Claims Agent, H
& W Motor Express, to Parker Steel Products Co., Inc., November 11,
1953; and letter, Leonard E. Parker, Parker Steel products, to Haas,
November 17, 1953.
16Letter, Archeologist Robert T. Bray to
Archeologist Wilfred Logan, August 1, 1957.
17 Memorandums, Berrett to Baker, January
18, 1955, and October 12, 1956.
18See memorandum, Museum Curator Newell
F. Joyner to Regional Chief of Interpretation [H. Raymond Gregg],
February 28, 1958; and Archeologist Paul Beaubien to Logan, March 17,
19Memorandum, Gregg to Berrett, June 5,
20Memorandum, Baker to Wirth, February
21See letter, Superintendent Daniel J.
Tobin, Jr., to Director, Milwaukee Public Museum, January 27, 1960;
letter, John Earl Ingmanson to Dr. Warren L. Littry, State Historical
Society of Wisconsin, February 2, 1960; and memorandum, Tobin to Baker,
February 3, 1960.
22See memorandum, Acting Chief of
Interpretation John E. Doerr [Washington Office] to Baker, April 1,
1958; and Baker to Wirth, March 13, 1959.
23See memorandum, Frank E. Buffmire,
Assistant Chief, Branch of Museums, to Tobin, August 30, 1960.
24Rodney Rovang, Resources Management
Specialist, Effigy Mounds National Monument, communication with author,
November 29, 1988.
25See Ralph Lewis, Chief, Branch of
Museums, to Tobin, June 3, 1960.
26Rovang, communication with author,
November 29, 1988; and memorandum, Acting Superintendent Glen Bean,
Yellowstone National Park, to Lewis, April 15, 1960. The beaver pelt is
still in the collection at Effigy Mounds National Monument.
27Letter, Robert Petersen to author,
April 7, 1989.
28It is interesting to note that Effigy
Mounds National Monument Archeologist Garland Gordon assisted the
Medical Museum in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, with removal of skeletal
remains from their exhibits in 1965. See Monthly Narrative Report,
29Memorandum, Russell J. Hendrickson to
Frank Kowski, March 16, 1971.
30Memorandum, Kowski to Superintendents,
Southwest Region, March 22, 1971.
31Memorandum, Kowski to Superintendents,
Southwest Region, August 12, 1971.
32Memorandum, Western Service Center
Director Glenn 0. Hendrix to Baker, June 11, 1971.
33Memorandum, Acting Regional Director
Phillip Iversen to Ralph Lewis, June 25, 1971.
34James David, communication with author,
February 16, 1989; Thomas A. Munson, communication with author, April
24, 1989; and letter, Petersen to author, April 7, 1989.
35Rovang, communication with author,
November 29, 1988.
36National Park Service, Statement for
Interpretation; and Superintendent Thomas A. Munson to author, July
37National Park Service, Statement of
38Joyce Nading, communication with
author, December 1, 1988; Rovang, communication with author, November
29, 1988; Fact File, Effigy Mounds National Monument; and David,
communication with author, February 16, 1989.
39See memorandum, Superintendent Stuart
H. Maule to Kenneth Wells, Executive Secretary, Iowa State Education
Association, March 22, 1987.
40Munson, communication with author,
December 1, 1988.
41These tours complement the exhibits
installed in the visitor center museum in 1987.
42The round trip hike from the visitor
center to Fire Point is approximately two miles long, and generally
takes one and onehalf hours to complete.
43National Park Service, Statement for
45Mackintosh, Interpretation in the
National Park Service, 68.
46"National Park Service Education
Programs," The Environmental Journal (July 1970).
47Press release, Secretary of the
Interior Walter J. Hickel, September 14, 1970; and Mackintosh,
Interpretation in the National Park Service, 68.
48Munson to Environmental Education
Specialist [Andy Kardos], Midwest Region, September 22, 1972.
49Munson, communication with author,
December 1, 1988.
50David, communication with author,
February 16, 1989.
51National Park Service, Statement for
Last Updated: 08-Oct-2003