Effigy Mounds
Administrative History
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Chapter Seven:

1Monthly Narrative Reports, December 1949-February 1950; and F.R. Robertson to files, April 19, 1950.

2Monthly Narrative Reports, March-June 1950.

3Activities Reports, March-June, 1950.

4The number was changed to 76 on January 1, 1969, when several states adjusted their highway numbers to conform with neighboring states. See C.S. Carmean, Traffic Engineer, Iowa State Highway Commission, to Superintendent Milt Thompson, October 23, 1968; and Des Moines Sunday Register, March 24, 1968.

5Activities Reports, March 5-May 27, 1950, inclusive; and Monthly Narrative Reports, December 1949-February 1950 and May-July 1950.

6Monthly Narrative Reports, April and May 1951; and Robert G. Hall, Assistant Regional Director, to Director [Newton Drury], January 16, 1951.

The following October, Kennedy hired Marquette farmer Ralph Blackwell to build a temporary equipment storage shed which also housed a small office. Blackwell provided his own tractor, loader gasoline, materials, and labor for a fee of $3.00 per hour. [9] The National Park Service also constructed two privies for public use.

7See Regional Historian Merrill Mattes and Chief of Lands George F. Ingalls to files, September 11, 1950; and miscellaneous correspondence between the National Park Service and the State Highway Commission, May 12-September 11, 1950.

8Monthly Narrative Reports, July and August 1950; and Monthly Narrative Report, October 1952.

9Superintendent William J. Kennedy to Regional Director [Lawrence C. Merriam], Region II, October 16, 1950.

10Regional Architect John B. Cabot to Kennedy, December 5, 1951.

11Assistant Regional Director Hall to Kennedy, May 9, 1952.

12 Monthly Narrative Reports, January-June and November 1952.

13Monthly Narrative Reports, March-June 1951.

14Monthly Narrative Report, September 1951.

15 Monthly Narrative Reports, May-August 1952; and [Draft] Mission 66 Prospectus, July 13, 1955.

16Monthly Narrative Reports, April-December 1953.

17 Monthly Narrative Reports, May-August 1953.

18Monthly Narrative Report, September 1953.

19Monthly Narrative Reports, September-December 1953.

20[Draft] Mission 66 Prospectus, July 13, 1955.

21See Monthly Narrative Reports, April-June 1950.

22Conrad L. Wirth, Parks, Politics, and the People (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980), 58.

23Reader's Digest, January 1955.

24See Wirth, Parks. Politics, and the People, 59.

25Wirth, Parks. Politics, and the People, 238. For a more thorough discussion of Mission 66, see Chapter 9, "Mission 66 and the Road to the Future," 237-284.

26Master Plan Draft Outline, 1953; and National Park Service drawings NM—EFF 2002 and 2003, 1951.

27See [Draft] Mission 66 Prospectus, Effigy Mounds National Monument, July 13, 1955; and Mission 66 prospectus, Effigy Mounds National Monument, June 2, 1956.

28Mission 66 Prospectus, June 29, 1956.


30See memorandum, Regional Director Howard Baker to Wirth, April 6, 1956; and Monthly Narrative Report, June 1959.

31Memorandum, Baker to Wirth, April 6, 1956; and Monthly Narrative Report, June 1959.

32Memorandum, Superintendent Walter T. Berrett to Baker, June 29, 1956.

33Memorandum, Edward S. Zimmer, Chief, Eastern Office of Design and Construction, to Wirth, November 29, 1956.

34Memorandum, John B. Cabot, Acting Assistant Regional Director, Midwest Region, to Wirth, November 27, 1953; memorandum, Thomas C. Vint, Chief, Eastern Office of Design and Construction, to Baker, January 4, 1954; memorandum, Baker to Wirth, July 1, 1955; memorandum, Berrett to Baker, July 7, 1955; handwritten note, Zimmer to Berrett, July 13, 1955; and memorandum Vint to Baker, August 25, 1955.

35Memorandum, Zimmer to Wirth, January 15, 1957.

36See memorandum, Berrett to Zimmer, November 25, 1957; memorandum, Baker to Zimmer, December 3, 1957; memorandum, Dick Sutton, Acting Chief, Eastern Office of Design and Construction, to Zimmer, December 26, 1957; and memorandum, Berrett to Zimmer, August 27, 1958.

37Letter, Acting Secretary of the Interior Hatfield Chilson to Congressman Henry O. Talle, March 19, 1957; and memorandum, Berrett to Zimmer, May 13, 1958.

38Meir Sofair, "Completion Report Narrative, Visitor Center — Two Residences — Storage and Workshop Building and Water Sewage Systems" January [1961].

39Memorandum, Zimmer to Baker, September 3, 1958.

40Sofair, "Completion Report Narrative, Visitor Center — Two Residences (2)," January 1961; and memorandum, Berrett to Baker, April 28, 1958.


42Robert T. Bray, Acting Superintendent, Effigy Mounds National Monument, to Baker, September 22, 1958.

43The Service installed two separate sewage systems, one serving the visitor center, the other serving the residential area.

44 Monthly Narrative Report, December 1959; and Sofair, "Completion Report of Construction Project, Sewer and Water Systems," January 1961.

45Ibid.; and Monthly Narrative Report, May 1959.

46Sofair, "Completion Report of Construction Project, Residences (2)," January 1961; and Monthly Narrative Report, February 1960.

47Sofair, "Completion Report of Construction Project, Residences (2)," January 1961; and Monthly Narrative Report, January 1961.

48Sofair, "Completion Report Narrative," n.d.

49Sofair, "Completion Report Narrative"; and Monthly Narrative Report, June 1960.

50Sofair, "Completion Report of Construction Project," March 15, 1961.

51Daniel J. Tobin, Jr., "Completion Report of Construction Project," December 4, 1961.

52Monthly Narrative Reports, September 1960 and May 1961.

53Garland J. Gordon, "Completion Report Narrative, Entrance Sign," July 23, 1963.

54Memorandum, Berrett to Baker, April 29, 1957.

55George Baggley, "Report on Field Study for an Access Road Proposed by Iowa Conservation Commission Across Sny—Magill Tract, Effigy Mounds National Monument" (National Park Service, August 6, 1958), passim.

56Monthly Narrative Reports, June 1959 and August 1959; and letter, John F. Alton, Acting Regional Chief of Operations, to Chief, Eastern Office of Design and Construction, May 5, 1961.

57Letter, W.A. Elkins, Acting Regional Director, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, to the Iowa Conservation Commission, March 4, 1959; and Special Use Permit No. FW-34-D. See also memorandum, Baggley to Tobin, January 2, 1959.

58In 1966, the National Park Service objected to the mooring of boats in the slough near the boat ramp. The state, noting that the Service could refuse to renew the special use permit, ordered the boats removed. See letter, Superintendent Stuart Maule to Everett B. Speaker, Director, Iowa Conservation Commission, October 12, 1965; letter, Gary Ackerman, District Fisheries Super visor, to K.M. Madden, July 11, 1966; and letter, Madden to Maule, July 29, 1966.

59Tobin, "Completion Report of Construction Project," March 9, 1960.

60Tobin, "Completion Report of Construction Project, Trail and Signs, North Area," March 15, 1962.

61See telegram, Baggley to Superintendent [Stuart Maule], Effigy Mounds National Monument, May 24, 1965; and memorandum, Maule to Regional Director [Lemuel Garrison], Midwest Region, May 25, 1965.

62National Park Service Contract CX6000-3-0044, $7,020.

63National Park Service Contract CX6000-3-0112, September 29, 1983, $41,500.00; and memorandum, Maintenance Worker Bernard J. Carnicle to Contracting Officer, Midwest Region, February 29, 1984.

64National Park Service Contract CX6000-4-0018, $8,957.00.

65National Park Service Contract CX6000-3-0089, $12,226.00.

66Notice of Award, September 22, 1981, $5,435.

67Notice of Award, June 30, 1986, $20,032.50.

68National Park Service Contract CX6000-3-0014, $13,555.00.

69Amendment of Solicitation/Modification of Contract CX6000-4-0014, December 13, 1983, $118,368.02.

70National Park Service Contract CX6000-7-0042, $43,832.00; memorandum, Chief of Maintenance Tom Sinclair to Architect Michael Fees, Midwest Region, January 30, 1987; and James David to author, February 18, 1989.

71Letter, Maule to Odell C. Solem, District Planner, Iowa Department of Transportation, August 14, 1978; R.L. Humphrey, "Project Concept Development: Improvement of Iowa 76 in the Vicinity of Effigy Mounds National Monument," October 1978; and Fact File, Effigy Mounds National Monument.

72Notice of Award, National Park Service Contract CX6000-1-0072, $10,023.00.

73National Park Service Contract PX6000-5-0060, August 30, 1985.

74Quotation is from letter, Superintendent Thomas Munson to David L. Moeller, District II Fisheries Supervisor, Iowa Conservation Commission, July 13, 1984. Other information in this paragraph is from letter, Moeller to Munson, December 2, 1983; memorandum, Jim David to Jack Strain, Regional Chief of Planning and Environmental Quality, March 26, 1984; and memorandum, Strain to David, April 3, 1984.

75Letter, Regional Director Charles H. Odegaard to Larry Wilson, Director, Iowa Conservation Commission, September 14, 1984.

76Special Use Permit No. MWR—EFMO—6001—00l, May 21, 1987.

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Last Updated: 08-Oct-2003