Conservation in the Department of the Interior
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Modern Indian Mother and Child


Modern Indian mother and child

Before irrigation came

The irrigated lands in the West are in black

Choice apples replace the sagebrush of yesterday

Oranges born of irrigation

But for irrigation the site of the Mormon Tabernacle in Salt Lake City would be barren desert

Los Angeles adds to its water supply

The mad Colorado gnaws at its banks

Arrowrock Dam in Idaho

Irrigation brings production to the desert

The drainage basin of the Colorado

The silt-eating lower Colorado

Hoover Dam and appurtenant works as they will appear when finished

The gap to be filled in by Hoover Dam

This sort of scene lies upstream from Hoover Dam

There are few more striking nature carvings than Toroweap in the lands upstream

Far downstream Salton Sea, 205 feet below sea level, bids for the waters of the Colorado

Downstream from the dam when it is completed

A typical fragment of the public domain

Cattle on the public range

The streams that carry the water that brings life to the arid West

Gala day at an Indian pueblo in the Rio Grande country

Buffalo on the western range

Waiting for water in the dry country

Irrigation brought to railroad lands

Can the States extract a profit from such lands?

Homes like this follow irrigation

Western lands yield heavy potato crops

Newcomers in the desert

Sheep on the public domain

Signal Hill, Long Beach, Calif., a typical American field

A Texas gusher comes in like this

The waste is great when a new well spills oil about it like this

Dominguez Field, near Los Angeles, with a well to each 10 acres, is a model of proper development

The new field at Venice, Calif, is an example of town-lot development with many times more wells than are needed

Oil in improvised storage often catches fire

Barren Kettleman Hills contain oil of immeasurable value

A new well out of control

Wells near Taft, in the Kettleman Hills area

Nature's trap for oil and gas

In early days in Pennsylvania drills were worked by hand and oil was found at less than 100 feet

Natives in Burma dig open wells and produce their own oil

A well in the back yard which yields a few barrels a day for half a century is common in Ohio

Santa Fe Springs oil field, near Los Angeles, has wasted enough gas to supply that city for decades

Under titanic pressure these wells of the barren bills often get out of control

The ghost of Great Spindle Top, in Texas, which died more than 25 years ago

The sinuous steel snake stretches itself across the plain

Sturdy men in asbestos suits fight wild wells that catch fire

A new sort of "railroad" finds its way cross country

A link in the new thousand-mile-long pipe line

The joints are welded together in the field

Welded steel pipe finds a bed in swampy places

The oft-recurring wild well

Some wells that spill over into the ocean are on Government land

Oil stored above ground constitutes a fire menace

The small well that produces though the years under the pump

The magnitude of the oil business is indicated by the device at the left that automatically loads two trains of cars at the same time

Tankers are important to foreign trade

Sensational Signal Hill, near Los Angeles, where wells are producing at a depth of 9,000 feet

President Hoover caught a string in Yellowstone Lake

El Capitan in Yosemite National Park

The Rock of Ages, 750 feet below ground, in Carlsbad Caverns, N. Mex.

A stone log in Petrified Forest, Arizona

Wilderness areas unsurpassed in all the world have been preserved

Boating in the magnificent solitudes of Glacier National Park

A lost bit in Havasupai Canyon, Ariz

The public is invited to pitch camp in the national parks

Natural history

Apache girls halfway on the road toward civilization

A Pueblo Indian sits on his doorstep

The Crow women excel in bead work

Shall she go back to the shack on the reservation or out into a white man's world?

The Navajos still are little affected by civilization

An Indian girl who works as maid in a Salt Lake City home

These Indian girls are being trained as nurses

The Indian has rarely made a success as a farmer

Indian boys take readily to such mechanical trades as linotype operation

A hundred and fifty young Indians from Laguna, N. Mex., with wives like this work as skilled machinists in the railroad shops at Winslow, Ariz

Dan Inquip, a Blackfoot Indian, who became a railroad man

Basket making is a native art among the Indians

Pottery is an Indian art

Scene in an Indian school in the Southwest

This is an Indian home on irrigated land in the State of Washington

Zuni children starting on the road to education

A few of Uncle Sam's 30,000,000 children of school age

The illustrated lecture

The school now considers matters of health

The child needs plenty of sleep

No two children are alike

A health prescription taken at the back door

Normal children are best

Interest in food comes before interest in books

The school nursery is becoming popular

Education for the hands

A happy family

The homesteader's first crop on the plains

With irrigation the pioneer transformed the desert

Abandoned homesteads mark many a tragic failure

The prospector was a forerunner of civilization

The future may find a use for this desert

The engineer has given us Roosevelt Dam, in Arizona, which supplies water for irrigation and power for industry

Dairy barns have replaced the wigwams of the Indians

We need to get our children back to the normal life of the country

Far from bricks and pavements

The Government still owns the black areas

The Federal Government should cease to be a party to the establishment of homes like this that are bound to fail

Fifty per cent of the sheep of the Nation are raised in the public-land States

This chart shows the ownership of land in the Western States

The Government stopped the flow of such great streams as the Rio Grande. This is Elephant Butte Dam in New Mexico

Irrigation has brought the dates of Sahara to the Southwest

Under this salt surface in a California desert is a lake of potash

Control of the flood waters of such streams as the Colorado is a National rather than a State problem

Oranges from the desert seem to meet the definition of conservation as wise use

The solitary domain may be transformed into a scene like this

Oil on Government land in Kettleman Hills, California

If the grass cover is maintained, erosion will be avoided

As rain water cuts the plain that is without a cover of vegetation

A Western landscape

Pompey's Pillar

Hawaii in the mid-Pacific

Aloha Tower in Honolulu Harbor

The spirit of Hawaii speaks through the leis given departing visitors

School-girl types in Hawaii

A Hawaiian crater, two-thirds of a mile long, from the air

Coal discovers itself on the hillsides of Alaska

The Government-owned railroad in Alaska

The Alaskan pioneer stores his food upstairs and nails tin around its supports to stop the bears

McKinley, the highest mountain on the continent

Alaskan reindeer

At Fairbanks, Alaska, is the farthest north university in the world

A young Eskimo couple dressed for church on Sunday morning

School-teachers in Alaska

Seward, gateway city of Alaska

St. Thomas, Virgin Islands

Bluebeard Castle in St. Thomas

Working for the Geological Survey

The boundary line between Canada and Alaska

Exploring interior Alaska

Aluminum ore that is readily accessible

Blast furnaces in which the quality of steel is improved by the introduction of other metals

The Geological Survey is in this middle wing of the Department of the Interior Building in Washington

A graphite mine

Asbestos ore and fiber

A potash plant in Death Valley

A rich gold mine at Juneau, Alaska

A Geological Survey outfit for determining how much water runs down a river

Summer work with the Geological Survey

It was this sort of advance work on the Colorado River that made way for Hoover Dam

Topographical mapping from an elevation of 10,000 feet in the Sierra Nevadas

Ceded lands of the original States

The public domain that has been the charge of the General Land Office

A section corner marked on a tree in 1864 and photographed 62 years later

The scene of a settler's fight for a home

A reclamation home

Some of the public domain that nobody wants

A point of vantage for Government surveyors

Oil-shale areas in Colorado

Drilling for oil under Government permit

A Government party reconnoitering the public domain

A Land Office field camp

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Last Updated: 20-Jul-2009