Standing Witness
Devils Tower National Monument: A History
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The National Park Service (NPS) cites its materials in a slightly different manner than MLA, and has a specific system using NPS abbreviations and numbering scheme in which it archives material. Devils Tower National Monument (DTNM) library's files were recently sorted, catalogued, and indexed. All material from the NPS archives and the DTNM library is listed under "National Park Service, Devils Tower National Monument.

Aadland, Dan. Women and Warriors of the Plains: The Pioneer Photography of Julia E. Tuell. New York: MacMillan, 1996.

"A Daring Feat." Lead Daily Register 1 Aug. 1906: Arthur Jobe Climb.

Albright, Horace M. "Research in the National Parks." The Scientific Monthly. 36 (1933), pp. 483-501, as quoted in The Critical Documents, pp. 122-131.

"Alpinists Seek to Rescue Hopkins." Sheridan Press 6 Oct. 1941: 1+.

"American Alpine Club." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2006. Wikipedia. 24 June 2005

"Appraisal of the Archeological and Paleontological Resources of the Keyhole Reservation, Crook County, Wyoming." Missouri River Basin Survey. Smithsonian Institute. Dec. 1951.

Architecture 2000. P.C. Historic Structure Report and Historic Structure Assessment: Devils Tower National Monument: Devils Tower, Wyoming. Washington: GPO 2004.

Arlington National Cemetery. "Richard Irving Dodge." 2005

Bakeless, John. The Journals of Lewis and Clark. New York: Mentor, 1964.

Baker, Howard W. See National Park Service, Devils Tower National Monument, Howard W. Baker

Bartlett, Kristina. "A 'Legendary Geoscientist.'" Geotimes Online. Aug. 2002

Bernd, Harold. "Parachutist Stranded Six Days in Devils Tower Saga of 1941." The Sundance Times 4 June 1972.

"Black Hills Photos from Wyoming Tales and Trails." 6 May 2005

Burgess, Cher and Mark. Personal Interview. Sept. 2005.

Bush, Dean and Tiny. Personal Interview. 18 Aug. 2005.

Butterworth, Harrison. "Second Ascent of Devils Tower." Appalachia. Dec. 1938.

Center for UFO Studies. 2006. 3 Mar 2006

Chapin, Daniel. "The Antiquities Act of 1906 and Theodore Roosevelt's 'Interpretation of Executive Power': From the Grand Canyon Through the Grand Staircase." Unpublished BA thesis. Boston College. 2004.

Cheatham, Jim. Personal Interview. 3 Nov 2005.

"Climbers Repair Trails at Tower." Rapid City Journal 7 July 1994.

Cornebise, Alfred Emile. "Heralds in New Deal America: Camp Newspapers of the Civilian Conservation Corps." Media History Monographs Volume 2 Number 1. 29 Dec. 2005

"Courtesy Crook County Historical Society." Moorcroft Leader 3 Jan. 1985.

Coveney, Lawrence G. "Ascent of Devils Tower." Appalachia Dec. 1937: 477+.

Cox, Gregory. "Summit or Plummet at Devils Tower." People, Land and Water Aug 2003.

Crook County Bi-Centennial Committee. "Proposal That a Museum of Natural and Western History be Constructed Adjacent to Devils Tower National Monument." 1972.

Crook County Museum. Devils Tower File.

Crook County Historical Society. Pioneers of Crook County: 1876 to 1920. Pierre, South Dakota: State Publishing Company, 1981.

"Crook County's Wonder." The Crook County Monitor 20 Apr. 1906.

Cross, Raymond and Elizabeth Brenene. "Devils Tower at the Crossroads: The NPS and the Preservation of Native American Culture in the 21st Century." Public Land & Resources Law Review 5:9, 1997.

Crowe, George C. See National Park Service, Devils Tower National Monument, George C. Crowe.

Crowl, Barb Zimmerschied, with Elbert Zimmerschied. Cabin Creek Homesteaders: The Test of Time. 1st edition. N.p.: Arizona, 2005.

Davidson, Sam. "Notes."

"Devils Tower Summit Reached July 4, 1893." The Sundance Times Feb. 1955.

"Devils Tower National Monument." The Sundance Times. 1936.

DeVore, Steven L. Archeological Investigations of Sewage Line Project and Assessment of Cultural Resource Inventories of Devils Tower National Monument, Crook County. Wyoming. Denver, Colorado: United States Department of the Interior, 1996.

Dodge, Richard Irving. The Black Hills. New York: James Miller, 1876.

Dollard, Esther. Letter. 20 Jan 1917.

Erdoes, Richard, and Alfonso Ortiz. American Indian Myths and Legends. New York: Pantheon Books, 1984.

Etling, Kathy. "Great Hunters in History." Sports Afield. Oct. 2004. 14 Dec. 2005

Farmer, Walt. "Close Encounters of the Third Kind." Wyoming: A History of Film. CD-ROM. 2005.

"Federal Prison Industries—A Good Deal or a Con? Update #28." 9 Feb. 1999. Business Executives for National Security. 2006

Fertig, Walter. "Rare Plants of Devils Tower National Monument." 21 April 2000. Wyoming Natural Diversity Database, University of Wyoming.

Field, Ernest K. "The Devils Tower Episode." Trails and Timberline Dec 1941:167-169.

"Fifty Years of Summits on a Mountain Named K2." 31 July 2004. 2005

"Fires Near Devils Tower Friday Under Control." Crook County News. 16 July 1936.

Flood, Renee Sansom. Lost Bird of Wounded Knee: Spirit of the Lakota. New York: Scribner, 1995.

"Francis E. Warren Papers." American Heritage Center. Summer 2001. 2005

Frederick, John T. Out of the Midwest. New York, London: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc., 1944.

"Fritz Wiessner." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2006 Wikipedia. 4 Mar. 2006

Fuller, E.O. "Cheyenne Looking North." Annals of Wyoming. 23:1 (1951): 3-45.

Furbush, Patty. "A Record Tyrolean." Response! Fall 1984:5-7.

"George Willig." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2006. Wikipedia. 2006

Gesson, Alfred. "Helicopter." Encyclopedia Americana. Volume 14. New York: Americana Corporation, 1973.

Gladstone, Lyn. "Devils Tower is filming site of major motion picture." Rapid City Journal. 1976.

Graham, Kenneth Lee. Rockhounding Wyoming. Guilford, Connecticut: The Globe Pequot Press, 1996.

Guilmette, Richard, Renee Carrier, Steve Gardiner, and Chuck Lindsay. Devils Tower National Monument Climbing Handbook. Wyoming: Devils Tower Natural History Association, 2004.

Gunderson, Mary Alice. Devils Tower: Stories in Stone. Glendo, Wyoming: High Plains Press, 1988.

Hamilton, Candy. Personal Interview. 15 Mar. 2006.

"He Accomplished the Feat." Sundance Gazette. July 1893.

"Homer Robinson is Superintendent at Devils Tower." The Sundance Times 11 June 1970.

Horn, Dan. "Saint Roy Neary of Muncie: the Celestial Traveler." Inchoatus Group. 27 Apr. 2005. 6 Dec 2005

Hulett Area Senior Citizens, Inc. Hulett Area Past and Present. Belle Fourche, South Dakota: Sand Creek Printing.

______. More Hulett Area Past and Present. Belle Fourche, South Dakota: Sand Creek Printing.

Hynek. J. Allen. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2006. Wikipedia. 2006

Jones, Bruce A. Archeological Survey at Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming: 1979 Investigations. Lincoln, Nebraska: Midwest Archeological Center, 1980.

______. 1991 Archeological Inventory and Evaluative Testing at Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming. Lincoln, Nebraska: Midwest Archeological Center, 1995.

Johns, Joshua. "The Lure of the West" 1 Apr. 1996. 17 Nov. 2005

Joyner. Joan. See National Parks Service, Devils Tower National Monument, Joan Joyner.

Joyner. Newell F. See National Parks Service, Devils Tower National Monument, Newell F. Joyner.

Keck, John T. "Devils Tower Determination of Eligibility." Letter to Devils Tower National Monument. 12 Jan. 1993.

"Kids Did It!" National Geographic World. Jan. 1987.

Kime, Dr. Wayne. "Colonel Dodge and Devils Tower." E-mail to author. 5 July 2005.

Lageson, David R., and Darwin R. Spearing. Roadside Geology of Wyoming. Missoula: Mountain Press Publishing Company, 1988.

Larson, Gary E., and James R. Johnson. Plants of the Black Hills and Bear Lodge Mountains. Brookings, South Dakota: South Dakota State University, 1999.

Love, Karen L. "J.B. Okie, Lost Cabin Pioneer." Annals of Wyoming. 47:1 (1975):77-81.

Mackintosh, Barry. "The National Park Service: A Brief History." NPS web site, 1999.

Menzel, Donald H., and Joy M. Pasachoff. Stars and Planets. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1983.

McCarter, K. C. See National Parks Service, Devils Tower National Monument, K. C. McCarter.

McIntyre, Raymond W. See National Parks Service, Devils Tower National Monument, Raymond W. McIntyre

Miller, Lois. Rapid City Journal 23 Sep. 1956.

Mills, S.L. "A Wyoming Trail Blazer." Annals of Wyoming. 6:1, 2:216-219.

Molyneaux, Brian L. Field Summary of a Cultural Resource Inventory at Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming. South Dakota: University of South Dakota, 1997.

Molyneaux, Brian L., PhD, Nancy J. Hodgson, MA, and Rachel M. Hinton, BA. The Archeological Survey and National Register Evaluation of Devils Tower National Monument, Crook County, Wyoming 1997-1998. South Dakota: University of South Dakota, 2000.

Morgan, Dale L. Jedediah Smith. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Pres, 1953.

Muir, John. The Yosemite. New York: The Century Co., 1912.

Mulkern, Anne C. "Devils Tower heritage woven into fight over name change." The Denver Post 28 Mar 2005.

National Association of Civilian Conservation Corps Alumni. 16 Nov. 2005

National Park Service.

______. Denali National Park and Preserve. Web site. 6 Mar. 2006

______. "Directors." 2005

______. "Director's Order #52C: Park Signs."

______. "Mission 66 1955-1966." National Park Service History Collection RG23.

______. "Mammal Inventories at Agate Fossil Beds, Devils Tower, ..." Dr. Cheryl Schmidt. Northern Great Plains Network Web site.

_____ NPS Website. 2005-2006.

______. Statement by Bill Wade, executive director of the Coalition of National Park Service Retirees, regarding the 1916 Organic Act.

_____. "USDI National Park Service: A Brief History." 4 Mar. 2005

_____. Yellowstone National Park. 2005

National Park Service. Devils Tower National Monument.

_____. "Addition of Lands for Public Facilities." 9 Aug. 1955. Vertical File History #18.

_____. Arthur C. Updike. Oral and Documented History. June 2000. Red binder. DETO Library.

_____. Civilian Conservation Corps History. Vertical File History #5.

_____. Chas Cartwright. "Devils Tower General Management Plan." 22 Dec. 2004. 12 Mar. 2006

_____. Chas Cartwright and Kurt Pindel. "The Politics of Prescribed Fire at Devils Tower." 1998.

_____. Chris Holbeck. "Prairie Dog Walking Trend Count." 1996. DETO 2800.

______. Chris Holbeck. "Riparian Restoration." 1996. DETO 2803.

______. Chris Holbeck. "Site Monitoring of Paleontological Resources." 1996. DETO 2799.

. "Civilian Conservation Corps Materials in the National Park Service History Collection." 1998. DETO Library computer "P" drive.

_____. Clifford A. Cole. "RE: 1927 Ascent of State Ladder by Babe White." 25 July 1982. DETO #1619.

_____. "Climbing Exhibit—Devils Tower Museum." Memorandum. 8 Jan. 1954. DETO 1614.

______. "Climber Loses Life in Fall at Devils Tower." 21 Aug 1996. Vertical File History #17.

______. "Close Encounters." Vertical File History #8.

_____. Conrad Wirth. Memorandum. 3 Feb. 1961. DETO 1694.

______. Correspondence concerning cartoons alluding to Hopkins' rescue. DETO 2810.

______. Correspondence concerning expense of Hopkins' rescue. Vertical File History #9.

_____. Correspondence concerning 40-hour work week. DETO 1667.

______. C. P. Berry. "Theodore Roosevelt at Devils Tower." Oct. 1933. Vertical File History #18.

______. Cynthia A. Warzecha etal. "Devils Tower National Monument: 1999 Visitor Use Study." 26 July 2000.

_____. D. John Daugherty. "Devils Tower National Monument: A History of National Park Services Developments Through 1966." 1984. Printed from CD-ROM from Jim Cheatham, DTNM.

_____. David R. M. White. "Naming Bear Lodge—Ethnotoponymy and the Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming." 1998. DETO File.

______. Department of the Interior Letter to Laura Joyner. 25 March 1938. Vertical File History #18.

______. Devils Tower: First National Monument, A Pictorial History. (No publishing information available. Sold in DTNM gift shop.)

______. "Devils Tower National Monument." 1946. Vertical File History #1667.

______. "Devils Tower National Monument." 1959. DETO 1661.

______. Devils Tower National Monument Web site. 2005-2006

______. "Devils Tower to Have Shelter Cabin." 30 Jan. 1963. Wyoming State Library Files, Cheyenne, WY Vertical File History #1694.

______. Devils World. 1937. Vertical File History #13.

______. Dick Stone. "Dick Stone Manuscripts: American Indian Oral Histories and Local Histories." 1930s. Vertical File History #32.

______. Dwight E. Richards. Monthly Reports. 1940-1941. DETO 1628.

______. Edmund B. Rogers. History of Legislation Relating to the National Park System Through the 82nd Congress. 1958. DETO 2371.

_____. Edmund B. Rogers. Letter. 25 Apr. 1944. DETO 1667.

______. Edwin C. Alberts. Letter. 16 Dec. 1958. DETO 1667.

______. Ellsworth W. Chytka. Oral and Documented History. Red binder. DETO Library.

______. Films and Filming Permits DETO." Vertical File History #15.

______. Four Great Surveys of the West, The. Vertical File History #1050.

_____. Frank R. Heppler. Monthly Report. 13 Aug. 1942. DETO 1630.

_____. Frank W Childs. Memorandum. 1965. DETO 1667.

______. Fred F. Dickinson. Letter. 24 May 1955. DETO 2822.

______. F. W. Mondell. Letter. 29 Jan. 1934. Vertical File History #18.

_____. George Crowe. Letter. 24 Nov. 1931. DETO 1667.

_____. George Crowe. Letter. 30 Jan. 1932. DETO 1667.

______. George Crowe. Letter. 26 Feb. 1932. Vertical File History #18.

______. George L. San Miguel. "Devils Tower National Monument Resources Management Plan." 3rd edition. 1998. DETO Library.

_____. George L. San Miguel. "The Mapping of Devils Tower." 6 Sep. 1996. Vertical File History #18.

______. G.K. Warren. Letter. 14 Feb. 1861. Vertical File History #18.

_____. Greg Campbell. "Cultural Awareness Workshop." 27 May 2005.

_____. Guy D. Edwards. Letter. 28 May 1932. DETO 1667.

_____. Herman Schouten. Memorandum. 8 May 1944. DETO 1667.

_____. Hillory A. Tolson. Letters. 1947, 1954. DETO 1667.

______. "Historical Wildlife Reports of the Black Hills Region." 1874-75. Vertical File History #18.

______. Homer Robinson. "Close Encounters." 29 July 1981. Vertical File History #8.

______. Homer Robinson. Interview. 28 July 1981. DETO 1619.

______. Homer A. Robinson. Memorandum. 9 Jan 1973.

______. Hopkins Event Correspondence and Newspaper Clippings. Vertical File History #10.

______. Hopkins Event Correspondence and Newspaper Clippings. Vertical File History #12.

______. Howard W. Baker. Letter. DETO 1620.

______. Howard W. Baker. Letter. 16 Mar. 1950. DETO 2819.

______. Howard W. Baker. Public Address. 5 June 1955. DETO 1659.

______. Howard W. Baker. Report. 3 Sep 1931. DETO 1620.

______. Howard W. Baker. Report. 1933. DETO 1620.

______. H. Raymond Gregg. Letter. 21 Apr. 1955. DETO 1659.

______. James F. Hartzell. Interview. 1958. DETO 1619.

______. James F. Hartzell. Memorandum. 14 Aug 1961. DETO 1694.

______. James F. Hartzell. Memorandum. 16 May 1962. DETO 1694.

______. Jeffrey R. Hanson and Sally Chirinos. "Ethnographic Overview and Assessment of Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming." 1997. DETO NPS D-36.

______. Jim Bormann. Letter. 9 Aug 1948. Climbing Correspondence, DETO Library.

______. Jim Cunningham. "Report of First Wedding." 27 July 1982. Red binder, DETO Library.

______. Jim Snyder. Civilian Conservation Corps Camps and Companies in Wyoming 1933-42. Vertical File History #3.

______. Joan Joyner Bourke. "Newell Fodge Joyner." Vertical File History #31.

______. John Martin, Interview. 21 May 1989. Video DETO 0084.

______. John Woods. Interview. 26 Apr 1988. Video DETO 0086.

______. John F. Kennedy. Letter. 1961. DETO 1694.

______. Joyner-Harrington Correspondence. 1937-38. DETO 2372.

______. Judge Guthrie, James F. Hartzell, and Berenice Chatfield. 14 May 1988. Video DETO 0088.

______. Julie Preussner. Letter to Devils Tower National Monument. 13 Mar. 2000. DETO Library

______. K. C. McCarter and H. W. Baker. Reports. 1931. DETO 1620.

______. Lewis A. Croff. Letter. 11 Aug 1890.

______. Lloyd Redding. Interview. 5 Oct 1989. Video DETO 0087.

______. Lois L. Layton. Letter. 10 Nov 1996. DETO 2797.

______. Manuscript Prepared by Newell F. Joyner for Historical Files." Vertical File History #26.

______. Map of Proposed Missouri Buttes Addition to Devils Tower National Monument. 22 May 1957. DETO Library.

______. Mapping of Devils Tower, The. 1996. Vertical File History #18.

______. Mary M. Pringle, Oral and Documented History. 18 Sep 2002. Red binder. DETO Library.

______. "Mission 66." DETO 1661.

______. Monument Mirror. 1936. Vertical File History #4.

______. "Mountaineer, TV Teams Top Tower." 29 Apr 1979. DETO 1619.

______. "National Park Service Morning Report." 28 Aug 1996. DETO 1748.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Letter. 21 Feb. 1947. DETO 1667.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Letter. 4 June 1932. DETO 1667.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Letters. 1932. DETO 1621.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Letter. 31 Aug 1936. DETO 2810.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Letter. 7 Nov 1945. DETO 1667.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1932-33. DETO 1621.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Report. 1933. DETO 1667.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1933. DETO 1622.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1934. DETO 1623.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1935. DETO 1624.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1936. DETO 1625.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1939. DETO 1627.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1940. DETO 1628.

_____. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1941-42. DETO 1629.

_____. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1942. DETO 1630.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1943. DETO 163 l.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1944. DETO 1667.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Monthly Reports. 1946. DETO 1667.

______. Newell F. Joyner. Proposal. 27 Nov 1939.

______. Newell F. Joyner. "Ripley/Rogers Climb." Vertical File History #26.

______. 1947 Monthly Narrative Reports. DETO 2392.

______. Northern Great Plains Network: Inventories of Vascular Plants and Vertebrates." 30 Sep. 2001. DETO Library.

______ "100 Years Remembered." Brochure. Vertical File History #18.

______. Park Naturalist, Black Hills Area. "Climbing Exhibit—Devils Tower Museum." 8 Jan 1954. Vertical File History #12.

______. Radio log. 24 Apr. 1944—30 May 1944. DETO 1667.

______. Ralph L. Beals. "Report on the Possibilities For Ethnological Exhibits at Devils Tower National Monument in Wyoming." 20 May 1934.

_____. Ray A. Mattison. "Devils Tower National Monument—A History." 1 Dec 1955 (revised). Printed from CD-ROM from Jim Cheatham, DTNM.

______. Raymond W. McIntyre. Letter. 30 April 1948. Climbing Correspondence. DETO Library.

______. Raymond W. McIntyre. Memorandum. 15 June 1954. Vertical File History #18.

______. Raymond W. McIntyre. Memorandum. 21 Apr 1955. DETO 1659.

______. "Relating Specific Monument Goals with Performance Management Goals." Chief of Resource Management Office at DTNM.

______. Report of First Wedding. 27 July 1982. DETO Library

______. Reports. 1960-62. DETO 1694.

______. Reports. 1965-66. DETO 1659.

______. Reports. 1965. DETO 1667.

______. Reports. 1965. DETO 1695.

______. Reports. 1965. DETO 2816.

______. Reports. 1972-80. DETO Superintendent's office.

______. Reports. 1981-89. DETO Superintendent's office.

______. Reports. 1991, 1992, 1995, 1996. DETO Superintendent's office.

______. Reports. 1962. Vertical File History #18.

______. Reports on 50th Anniversary. DETO 1659.

______. Reports on Theodore Roosevelt Centennial Program. DETO 1658.

______. "Resource Management, 2003 Field Season Report." Chief of Resource Management Office at DTNM.

______. Robert J. Murphy. "Historic Fact File." 1965. Vertical File History #34.

_____. Robert J. Murphy Memorandum. 1964. DETO 1619.

_____. Robert J. Murphy. Memorandum. 3 Feb 1966. DETO 1659.

______. Rogers Climb. 1893. Vertical File History #26.

______. Rogers Climb. 1893. Vertical File History #27.

______. Shirley Rathbun. First Climb. 2 June 1982. Vertical File History #26.

______. Soil and Water Conservation District. "1960 Annual Report." DETO 2827.

______. "Strategic Plan, DTNM, June 2003." Chief of Resource Management Office at DTNM.

______. "Supplemental Incident Record Sheet." 2002. DETO Library computer "P" drive.

______. Susan Schuhardt. "Devils Tower Tyrolean Traverse." 1984. DETO 1619.

______. Telegraphic suggestions for rescue of Hopkins. Vertical File History #28.

_____. Terry Rypkema. "Report on Old Ladder Restoration Project." 1972. Vertical File History #25.

_____. Terry L. Tilton. Memorandum. 6 Aug 1965. DETO 2816.

______. United States. Department of the Interior. Letters. 1890, 1892, 1895, 1898. DETO 2371.

______. W. Ted Hackett. Letter. 19 May 1959. DETO 2825.

Neihardt, John G. Black Elk Speaks: Being the Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux. 6th edition. Lincoln, London: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.

Nelson, R. D., R. G. Jahn, etal. "FieldREG II: Consciousness Field Effects: Replications and Explorations." Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 425-454, 1998.

"Newsreel Movies Taken at Devils Tower Saturday." The Sundance Times 8 Dec. 1932.

"North American Plains Bison." 2005.

Norton, Stephen. Devils Tower: The Story Behind the Scenery. United States: KC Printing, 2000.

One Feather, Gerald. Personal Interview. 15 Mar. 2006.

"On the Summit of Devils Tower." The Gazette [where?] 7 July 1893.

"Organization Perfected at Picnic at Devils Tower—Nearly 500 in attendance." Belle Fourche Paper. 24 June 1932.

Pettit, John. "6-year-old Conquers Devils Tower." Wallingford Record-Journal 1 Sep. 1994.

Pierce, Bill. "A Ranger Family's Journey through Parks." 2005

"Purchasing Power of Your Dollar, The." The Sundance Times. 14 July 1932.

Rathbun, Shirley. First Encounters: Indian Legends of Devils Tower. United States: Sand Creek Printing, 1982.

Report on death of Billy Rogers. The Crook County Monitor 15 Apr. 1904.

Report on John M. Thorn. Crook County Museum File #17.

Reyes, Josh. "Warren and Mondell." E-mail to author. 9 Dec. 2005.

Riley, Patricia. Growing up Native American. New York: Avon Books, 1993.

Ringholz, Raye C. On Belay! The Life of Legendary Mountaineer Paul Petzoldt. Seattle: Mountaineers Books, 1998.

Roberts, Randy, and James S. Olson. American Experiences: Readings in American History: Volume II from 1877. 4th edition. United States: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers, Inc., 1998.

Robinson, Charles S., and Robert E. Davis. Geology of Devils Tower National Monument. Wyoming: Devils Tower Natural History Association, 1995.

"Robinsons of Devils Tower, The." Crook County Museum. HP 179 Sundance, WY KEY #F-20.

Rosentreter, G.W. "My Cowboy Experiences in the 1890's." Annals of Wyoming. 37:2:221-229.

Rosenberger, Homer T. "Washington Monument." Encyclopedia Americana. Volume 28. New York: Americana Corporation. 1973.

Rothman, Hal. "Preserving Different Pasts". Preserving Different Paths: The American National Monuments. Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989.

Schoch, Robert M., PhD, with Robert Aquinas McNally. Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations. New York: Harmony Books, 1999.

Schrand, Brandon. "Balancing the West: Mythology, Economy, and the Reconciliation of Old Patterns." Gallatin Writers. 2004. 2005

Sieg, Carolyn Hull. "The Role of Fire in Managing for Biological Diversity on Native Rangelands of the Northern Great Plains." Washington: GPO, 1997.

Skaife-Brock, Jean. "Devils Tower—an Ancestral Marker." Fence Post 16 Dec. 1996:102-104.

______. "Parting Shots: from Devils Tower, Wyo." Fence Post 2 Mar. 1998:184-185.

______. Letters to the author. 2005-06.

______. Personal Interview. Sept. 2005.

Souvenir Program. 20 June 1937. Crook County Museum Devils Tower Folder.

Stein, Martin. "Bison the Amazing Animal."

Stone, Dick. See National Parks Service, Devils Tower National Monument, Dick Stone.

Taylor, Bron and Joel Geffen. "Battling Religions in Parks and Forest Reserves: Facing Religion in Conflicts over Protected Places." George Wright Forum, Volume 21, Number 2, 2004. pp. 56-68.

Theodore Roosevelt Association. 2006. "Timeline: Life of Theodore Roosevelt." 7 Jan. 2006

Trimble, Donald E. The Geologic Story of the Great Plains. Bismarck, North Dakota: Richtman's Printing, 2001.

United States. "An Act for the Preservation of American Antiquities, approved June 8, 1906 (34 Statute 225)." Washington: GPO, 1906.

______. Civil Rights Act. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, 9 April 1886

______. Yellowstone National Park Act. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, 1872

United States. Department of Commerce. National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service. "Climatology of the United States, No. 20, 1971-2000."

United States. Department of the Interior. Annual Report of the Secretary of the Interior. Washington: GPO, 1942.

______. Bureau of Reclamation. Reclamation Manual. 13 March 1998.

_____. Bureau of Reclamation. "The Keyhole Unit Pick-Sloan Missouri Basin Project." 1996. 2006

_____. Croff, Lewis A, Commissioner. Federal Land Office, Washington, D.C., 11 Aug 1890. Letter. GLO: Register and Receiver, Buffalo, WY.

_____. Devils Tower National Monument Fire Management Plan 2004. Washington: GPO, 2004.

______. Devils Tower National Monument: General Management Plan. Washington: GPO, 2002.

______. Devils Tower National Monument Final General Management Plan Environmental Impact Statement. Washington: GPO, 2001.

______. Geologic Atlas of the United States, Devils Tower Folio, Wyoming. United States Geological Survey. Washington: 1907.

______. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Forms." July 1969. Crook County Museum File.

_____. Newton, Henry, E.M., and Jenny, Walter P., E.M. Report on the Geology and Resources of the Black Hills of Dakota: with Atlas. Washington: GPO, 1880.

______. Northern Great Plains Exotic Plant Management Plan and Environmental Assessment. Washington: GPO. 2005.

______. "Report of the Director of the National Park Service to the Secretary of the Interior for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1921 and the Travel Season 1921." Washington: GPO, 1921.

United States. Department of Transportation. Federal Aviation Administration, Northwest Mountain Region. "Record of Decision for Proposed General Aviation Airport at Hulett, Crook County, Wyoming. February 5, 1999.

United States. Proclamation: Devils Tower National Monument. No. 658. Establishment Proclamation. 24 September 1906.

United States. USDA Forest Service. Gerald W Williams, PhD., National Historian. "President Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot: Meeting of the Minds over Conservation." 30 Sep. 1999. 4 Mar. 2005

Wales, Cheryl. "Relay/climb." E-mail to author. 15 May 2005.

Weatherford, Jack. Indian Givers: How the Indians of the Americas Transformed the World. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1988.

White, Herman, Margaret, and Dan. Personal interview. 28 Sep. 2005.

Wood, W. Raymond. Prologue to Lewis & Clark: The MacKay and Evans Expedition. Norman: University of Oklahoma, 2003.

"Wyoming State Historical Society: Third Annual Meeting." Annals of Wyoming. 28:2 (1956): 208-211.

Wyoming State Historical Society Web site.

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