Catoctin Mountain Park
Historic Resource Study
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Chapter Four:

1Charles Anders, interview by author, Thurmont, MD, 6 February 1999.

2Catoctin Clarion, 22 February 1905.

3Catoctin Clarion, 22 February 1905.

4Catoctin Clarion, 6 July 1906. Interview with Evers G. Eyler, 16 August 1965, by Howard Damuth. At some point, Thropp did build a washer (gig) below the furnace to wash the iron ore.

5Charles Anders interview.

6McPherson, 11.

7Warren James Belasco, Americans on the Road: From Autocamp to Motel, 1910-1945 (Cambridge, MA, 1979), 63.

8Catoctin Clarion, 6 July 1906.

9Oeter, 6. "Neighboring Table Rock," a popular turn-of-the-century location for picnicking, was located in Garrett County near Backbone mountain.

10Catoctin Clarion, 2 November 1905.

11Gordon, Textbook, 127.

12Frederick News, 19 February 1954; Herbert H. Harwood, Jr. Blue Ridge Trolley: The Hagerstown and Frederick Railway (Frederick, 1979).

13Planning Commission of Thurmont MD, "Suggested Master Plan" 1964.

14Western Maryland Railroad, "Summering on the Western Maryland Railroad," (Baltimore, 1913), 32.

15The Frederick News, 1 November 1933; Spencer Watson, "The Halloween Murder of Bessie Darling," The Banner, November 1998.

16Belasco, 8.

17Emily Emerson Lantz, "Catoctin Furnace has Rich Past," Baltimore Sun Magazine, 4 October 1925,

18Maude Luken, "Catoctin Furnace--A Different Village," American Motorist, September 1930.

19Catoctin Clarion, 15 July 1920.

20Catoctin Clarion, 7 November 1931.

21Sandra Koker, Appalachian Trail, (Portland, OR, 1979), 7-11.

22"Camp Inspection Report," 3 February 1941, RG 35, Records of the CCC, Division of Investigations Camp Inspection Reports, box 94, National Archives, Washington, DC. W.S. Bahlman, "Memorandum for the Director, 6 September 1939, RG 79, RDA Program Files, box 57, National Archives, College Park.

23Catoctin Clarion, 8 May 1931; Catoctin Clarion, 26 June 1931.

24#704 Public Camp and Picnic Development, 3-25-35, RG 79, Records Concerning Recreational Demonstration Areas, Project Records of the Project Planning and Control Section, Land Utilization Division, Resettlement Administration, 1935-6, box 3, NA.

25McPherson, 12.

26Kenneth G. Orr, "The Catoctin Furnace Archaeological Mitigation Project Final Report of the 1979 Excavation," Feburary 1982.

27Strain, 267.

28Anders interview.

29William Graffam, "Reliving the 1915 Train Wreck on Bridge at Thurmont," Frederick News-Post, 20 February 1975.

30Charles W. Eyler, "I Remember the Wreck of the Blue Mountain Express," Baltimore Sun, 20 March 1960.

31Graffam; Frederick Post 24 May 1971.

32Frederick News-Post, 3 June 1914.

33Catoctin Clarion, 14 April 1920; "Youth Conservation Corp Interviews with Howard Damuth, 27 July 1972," CMP. Huckleberries which needed bare earth to grow were a popular mountain product. Often in the spring, small mountain fires were started to clear land for huckleberry growth. Such fires occasionally got out of control.

34Catoctin Clarion, 13 May 1920.

35Catoctin Clarion, 18 May 1920.

36The state Board of Forestry was founded in 1906. It evolved into the Board of Natural Resources' Department of Forests and Parks in 1941.

37Frederick News, 28 November 1930; F.W. Besley, The Forests of Frederick County (Baltimore, 1922), 31.

38Mastran and Lowerre, xx.

39 Frank Mentzer, Administrative History, Vol. I.

40Besley, 21.

41Besley, 22.

42Catoctin Clarion, 25 November 1920.

43Bruce Ergood, "Toward a Definition of Appalachia" in Appalachia: Social Context Past and Present, Ergood and Kuhre, eds., (Athens, OH, 1976), 31-41.

44Ernest Tresselt, interview by author, Thurmont, MD, 9 February 1999. Henry Shapiro, Appalachia on Our Mind (Chapel Hill, 1978). Shapiro stressed the sense of "otherness" with which Appalachian dwellers were regarded by the outside world.

45Oeter, 126.

46Esther Kellner, Moonshine: Its History and Folklore (New York, 1971),104.

47Donald Lewis, 13 July 1999.

48Youth Conservation Corps Interviews, 1972, Howard Damuth," 27 July 1972, CMP.

49Frederick Post, 3 August 1929.

50Frederick Post, 30 December 1929; Hagerstown Herald, 19 December 1929, Charles Lewis admitted that Deputy Redmond had approached him for help in raiding the still. But Lewis insisted he turned down the request.

51Frederick Post, 6 August 1929.

52Frederick Post, 1 August 1929.


54Anders interview.

55Frederick Post, 1 August 1929; Hagerstown Herald, 1 August 1929.

56Hagerstown Herald, 3 August 1929.

57Frederick Post, 1 August 1929.

58Donald Lewis, interview by author, Thurmont, MD, 13 July 1999.

59Hagerstown Herald, 21 December 1929.

60Frederick Post, 1 August 1929.

61Frederick Post, 3 August 1929.

62Hagerstown Herald, 18 December 1929.

63Hagerstown Herald, 5 August 1929.

64Frederick Post, 17 December 1929.

65Hagerstown Herald, 17 December 1929; Hagerstown Herald, 18 December 1929. No evidence appears to have been present to challenge testimony that Hauver had been shot from the rear. However, experts did testify that the shot had not come from Redmond's gun.

66Frederick Post, 20 December 1929.

67"Blue Blazes," Youth Conservation Corps Anecdotes, 1972, CMP, "Still Information Binder, "Still Talk," CMP.

68Donald Lewis, 13 July 1999; Charles Anders, 7 July 1999.

69Clipping, nd, "Still Information Binder," CMP.

70Irene Flaugher and Louise Bittner, 13 July 1999.

71Donald Lewis, 13 July 1999.

72"Catoctin Recreational Area, MD R-1, New Symbol number LP-MD 4," 2 October 1935, CMP.

73Albert Zentz, interview by author, Thurmont, MD, February 6, 1999.

74Catoctin Enterprise, 5 September 1941. In 1941, the filtration system used for the Thurmont canning factory failed. As a result, pollution flowed into Hunting Creek, where it killed hundreds of fish.

75E.R. Henson to H.L. Russell, 9 September 1935, RDA Program Files, box 61, NA; Irene Flaugher and Louise Bittner, interview by author, 13 July 1999, Sabillasville, MD; "Abstract, Tract 98," RG 79, Land Acquisition Case Files Pertaining to the Catoctin RDA, box 6, NA. Lewis purchased his land in 1920. Christian Harman, one of the earliest settlers in the area first purchased the land in 1793, and the property remained in the hands of the Harman family through the first half of the nineteenth-century.

76Lewis interview.

77Flaugher and Bittner interview.

78Zentz interview.

79 Mentzer, vol. I.

80Flaugher and Bittner interview.

81Lloyd Manahan, interview by author, Sabillasville, MD, 13 July 1999.


83Appraisal Report, RG 79 , National Capital Region, Land Acquisition Case Files Pertaining to the Catoctin RDA, Box 11, NA.

84"Catoctin Recreational Area, MD R-1, New Symbol Number LP-MD 4," 2 October 1935, CMP.

851920 census; Flaugher and Bittner interview.

86Lewis interview.

87James Trouth to C.F. Clayton, 12 December 1935, RG 79, Records Concerning RDAs, Project Records of the Project Planning and Control Section, Land Utilization Division, Resettlement Administration, 1935-1936, box 3, NA; "Deed," 15 December 1937, RG 79, National Capital Region, Land Acquisition Case Files, Pertaining to Catoctin RDA, box 7, NA. Lanzilotti resisted selling, insisting that he be paid for all improvements on the two acres. He eventually sold for $1000.

88Lewis interview.

89Lewis interview.

901920 Census; Anders interview; laugher and Bittner, interview.

91Baltimore Sun, 9 May 1937.

92Lewis interview.

93Anders interview.

94Albert Zentz, interview by author, Thurmont, MD, 26 March 1999; "Statistical Report, Catoctin RDA," November 1941, RG 79, Records Concerning RDAs, RDA Program file, box 61, NA. An outdoor enthusiast, Creeger later served as a park ranger at Catoctin in the early 1940s.

95Anders interview.

96Zentz, 26 March 1999 interview.


981920 Census; Charles Anders, interview by author, Thurmont, MD, 7 July 1999.

99Anders, 7 July 1999 interview.

100Flaugher and Bittner interview.

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Last Updated: 21-Nov-2003