The Guns of San Diego
Historic Resource Study
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1. Manuscript Materials

Pacific Southwest Region. National Archives. Record Group 77, Harbor Defenses of San Diego, Los Angeles District, 1895-1918, U S. Army Corps of Engineers.

San Antonio. Postcard, ca. 1913, Ethel Blythe, Fort Rosecrans, to Mrs. George Ruhlen. In possession of Major General George Ruhlen.

San Diego. Cabrillo National Monument. Anonymous, "Historical Sketch, Harbor Defenses of San Diego, 15 September 1945."

_______. _______. Anonymous, "Point Loma Land Ownership."

_______. San Diego Historical Society, [Colonel George Ruhlen], "Fort Rosecrans, California," Fort Rosecrans #2.

________. ________. Paul Michael Callaghan. "Fort Rosecrans, California. Master's thesis, University of San Diego, 1980.

_______. San Diego Public Library. Robert C. Gerould, "Fort Rosecrans, California: A History." Master's thesis, California Western University, 1966.

San Francisco. California Historical Society. George Walcott Ames, Jr., "San Diego Presidio Site," Registered Landmark No. 59. California Historical Landmarks Series, State of California, Berkeley 1937.

_______. _______. George Walcott Ames, Jr., "Site of Fort Guijarros," Registered Landmark No. 69. California Historical Landmarks Series, state of California, Berkeley 1936.

_______. _______. George Tays, "Fort Rosecrans," Registered Landmark No. 62. California Historical Landmarks Series, State of California, Berkeley 1937.

_______. _______. George Tays, "Fort Stockton," Registered Landmark No. 54. California Historical Landmarks Series, State of California, Berkeley 1937.

_______. _______. George Tays, "Mission San Diego de Alcala," Registered Landmark No. 242. California Historical Landmarks Series, State of California, Berkeley 1937.

Suitland, Maryland. Washington National Records Center. Record Group 77, Office of the Chief of Engineers, Harbor Defense Files, San Diego.

Washington, D.C. National Archives. Record Group 77. Office of the Chief of Engineers, Letters Received (A File), 1867-1870.

_______. _______. _______. Board on Fortifications (Endicott Board), Miscellaneous Papers, 1885-1887.

_______ _______. _______. Cartographic Archives Division, Office of the Chief of Engineers, Fortifications File.

_______ _______. Record Group 177. Records of the Chief of Arms, Office of the Chief of Coast. Artillery, 1918-1942.

. _______. Record Group 392. Records of the U.S. Army Commands, San Diego Coast Defense Document File, 1910-1917.

_______. _______. Record Group 407. The Adjutant General's Office, Special Projects. Harbor Defense, 1929-1948. San Diego.

________. ________. Microcopy 617. Returns from U.S. Military Posts, 1800-1916. San Diego Barracks and Fort Rosecrans.

_______. U. S. Army Center of Military History. "History of the Western Defense Command," 5 vols., and "History of the Southern California Sector, Western Defense Command."

2. Periodicals

Carter, Charles Franklin, trans. "Duhaut-Cilly's Account of California in the Years 1827-28," California Historical Society 8 (September 1929): 218.

Frazer, Robert W. "Military Posts in San Diego, 1852," The Journal of San Diego History 20 (Summer 1974): 44-52.

Holland, Francis R., Jr. "A Short History of Cabrillo National Monument," The Western Explorer 2 (August 1962): 26-36.

Hudson, James J. "California National Guard and the Mexican Border, 1914-16," California Historical Society Quarterly 34 (1955): 157-171.

Kirchner, D.P. and Lewis, E.R. "American Harbor Defenses: The Final Era," United States Naval Institute Proceedings 94 (January 1968): 84-98.

May, Ronald V. "The Guns of Point Loma: America's First Sea Coast Artillery Defense in San Diego," in Cabrillo Festival Historical Seminar, The Military on Point Loma (Cabrillo Historical Association 1985), pp. 26-36.

Ranson, Edward. "The Endicott Board of 1885-86 and the Coast Defenses," Military Affairs 31 (Summer 1967): 74-84.

Ruhlen, George. "San Diego Barracks, San Diego Historical Society Quarterly 1 (April 1955): 15-23.

_______. "Fort Rosecrans, California, San Diego Historical Society Quarterly 5 (October 1959): 60-68.

_______. "San Diego in the Civil War," San Diego Historical Society Quarterly 7 (April 1961): 17-22.

_______. "Fort Rosecrans, California," The Western Explorer 2 (February 1962): 1-9.

Treutlein, Theodore E. "The Portola Expedition of 1769-1770," California Historical Quarterly 47 (December 1968): 291-313.

U.S. Navy. "Pictorial, The San Diego Naval Complex," United States Naval Institute Proceedings 94 (June 1968): 95-108.

Wagner, Henry R. "Spanish Voyages to the Northwest Coast in the Sixteenth Century, Chapter IV, The Voyage of Juan Rodrigues Cabrillo," California Historical Society Quarterly 7 (March 1928): 20-77.

Weber, Francis J "California's Caminito Real, California Historical Society Quarterly 54 (Spring 1975): 63-75.

Yurtinus, John F. "The Mormon Volunteers: The Recruitment and Service of a Unique Military Company," The Journal of San Diego History 25 (Summer 1979): 242-261.

3. Books

Anderson, Bern. Surveyor of the Sea, The Life and Voyages of Captain George Vancouver. Toronto: University of Toronto, 1960.

The Army Almanac, A Book of Facts Concerning the United States Army. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole, 1959.

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of California. 7 vols. San Francisco: The History Company, 1884-1890.

Bearss, Edwin C. Historic Structure Report, Fort Point, Historic Data Section, Fort Point National Historic Site. California. Denver: National Park Service, 1973.

Bolton, Herbert Eugene. Spanish Exploration in the Southwest. 1542-1706. New York: Charles Scribners Sons, 1916.

Brown, Joseph E. Cabrillo National Monument. Cabrillo Historical Association, 1981.

Cabrillo Historical Association. Fort Guijarros, Tenth Annual Cabrillo Festival Historic Seminar. 1982.

_______. The Military on Point Loma. Cabrillo Historical Association, 1985.

Conn, Stetson; Engleman, Rose C.; and Fairchild, Byron. Guarding the United States and Its Outposts. U.S. Army in World War II: The Western Hemisphere. Washington: Department of the Army, 1964.

Conn, Stetson and Fairchild, Byron. The Framework of Hemisphere Defense. United States Army in World War. The Western Hemisphere. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1960. Reprinted 1970.

Cullum, George W. Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the U.S. Military Academy, At West Point. New York. Since 1802. Supplement, vol. 5, 1900-1910; Supplement, vol 6-A, 1910-1920; Supplement 8, 1930-1940; and Supplement 9, 1940-1950.

Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. Two Years Before the Mast, A Personal Narrative of Life at Sea. Cleveland: World Publishing, 1946.

Edwards, Malcolm, ed. The California Diary of General E. D. Townsend. Ward Ritchie Press, 1970.

Emory, W. H. Lieutenant Emory Reports. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, reprint 1951.

Flower, Douglas and Roth, Linda. Cultural Resource Inventory. Archaeology/History/Architecture. Navy and Coast Guard Lands, Point Loma, San Diego. California. San Diego, 1982.

Floyd, Dale E. United States Coast Defense. 1775-1950: A Bibliography. Washington: U.S. Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army, 1985.

Frazer, Robert W. Forts of the West to 1898. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965.

______. Mansfield on the Condition of the Western Forts, 1853-54. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963.

Grivas, Theodore. Military Governments in California, 1846-1850. Glendale: The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1963.

Gudde, Erwin G. California Place Names. The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army 1789-1903. 2 vols. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Heizer, Robert F., ad. California. Vol 8 of Handbook of North American Indians. Edited by William C. Sturtevant. Washington: Smithsonian Institution, 1978.

Holland, F. Ross, Jr. and Law, Henry G. Historic Structure Report, The Old Point Loma Lighthouse, Cabrillo National Monument, San Diego, California. Denver. National Park Service, 1981.

Holland, Francis Ross, Jr. America's Lighthouses, Their Illustrated History Since 1716. Brattleboro, VT: The Stephen Greene Press, 1972.

James, George Wharton. In and Out of the Old Missions of California.... Boston: Little, Brown, 1910.

Kelsey, Harry. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo. San Marino: Huntington Library, 1986.

Kocher, Paul H. California's Old Missions. The Story of the Founding of the 21 Franciscan Missions in Spanish Alta California. 1769-1823. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1976.

Lehmann, Susan Collins. An Embarrassment of Riches, The Administrative History of Cabrillo National Monument. Cabrillo Historical Association, 1987.

Lewis, Emanuel Raymond. Seacoast Fortifications of the United States: An Introductory History. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1970.

McHenry, Robert, ed. Webster's American Military Biographies. Springfield, MA: G. & C. Merriam, 1978.

McKeever, Michael. A Short History of San Diego. San Francisco: Lexikos, 1985.

Millett, Allan R. Semper Fidelis. The History of the United States Marines. New York: Macmillan, 1980.

Mills, Walter. American Military Thought. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1966.

Moriarty, James Robert. The Cabrillo National Monument. A Physical and Cultural Overview. National Park Service, 1977.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The European Discovery of America. the Southern Voyages, A. D. 1492-1616. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Morris, Richard B. Encyclopedia of American History, 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1953.

Pourade, Richard F. The History of San Diego. The Explorers. San Diego: Union-Tribune, 1960.

Thompson, Erwin N. Historic Resource Study. Seacoast Fortifications. San Francisco Harbor. Golden Gate National Recreation Area California. Denver: National Park Service, n.d.

Turhollow, Anthony F. A History of the Los Angeles District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1898-1965. Los Angeles: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Los Angeles District, 1975.

U.S. Congress House Executive Document 17. 31st Cong, 1st sess. 1850. Serial 573. U.S. Congress. Engineers' Report, vol. 2, pt. 1, 1875-1876. 44th Cong., 1st sess."

U.S. Congress. House. "Post and Harbor Defenses, Near San Diego. House Executive Document 14. 52nd Cong., 1st sess., 1891.

U.S. Congress. House. Reports of the War Department, 1899. Engineers, Pt. 1. House Documents, vol. 8, no. 2. 56th Cong., 1st sess.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Medal of Honor. 1863-1968, "In the Name of the Congress of the United States." 90th Cong., 2nd sess. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1968.

Wagner, Henry R. Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo. Discoverer of the Coast of California. San Francisco: California Historical Society, 1941 Special Publication No. 17.

Weigley, Russell F. History of the United States Army. New York: Macmillan, 1967.

_______. The American Way of War. A History of United States Military Strategy and Policy. New York: Macmillan, 1973.

4. Newspapers

Evening Tribune (San Diego).

Los Angeles Times.

Rosecrans Cannon Report, 1942-1944.

The San Diego Union.

The Sun (San Diego).

5. Miscellaneous

Institute of Heraldry, U.S. Army. "Historical Data — Post, Camp, Station or Air Field." An Army form concerning Fort Rosecrans. Files, Cabrillo N.M.

McGlothlin, Master Sergeant George H. Oral interview at Cabrillo N.M., December 5, 1984. Files, Cabrillo N.M. Sergeant McGlothlin was a member of Battery E, 19th Coast Artillery Regiment and was assigned to Battery Point Loma.

U. S. Veterans Administration. "Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery, San Diego, California." Pamphlet, 1976.

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Last Updated: 19-Jan-2005