Abbreviations: American Anthropologist-AA; (n.s., new series).
Bureau of American Ethnology, Annual Report-RBAE; Bulletin-BBAE.
Journal of American Folklore-JAFL.
The starred authors are those mentioned in the text.
Abbott, F. H.
1914 "The Navaho Indians and the Public Domain." The Native American,
*Abel, Annie H., ed.
1915 ...The Official Correspondence of James S. Calhoun.... (U.S. Office
of Indian Affairs), Washington.
*Amsden, Charles A.
1934 Navaho Weaving; Its History and Technic. Santa Ana, Calif.
Armer, Laura Adams
1931 Waterless Mountain. New York. (A children's story.)
1933 Dark Circle of Branches. New York.
*Backus, Major E.
1860 An Account of the Navajoes of New Mexico. In: Archives of
Aboriginal Knowledge, by Henry R. Schoolcraft, Pt. IV; 209-215, 436.
*Bancroft H. H.
1875 The Native Races of the Pacific States of North America, Vol. 3.
1890 History of Arizona and New Mexico 1530-1883 (Works, Myths and
Language, Vol. 7), San Francisco.
*Bandelier, A. F.
1890 Final Report of Investigations Among the Indians of the
Southwestern United States, Carried on Mainly in the Years From 1880 to
1885. (Papers of the Archaeological Institute of America, Nos. III-IV,
American Series.) Cambridge, Mass.
Bartlett, John R.
1856 Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New
Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua... New York.
1932 Why the Navajos Came to Arizona. Museum of Northern Arizona, Museum
Notes, Vol. 2, No. 9.
*Beals, Ralph L.
1935 Preliminary Report on the Ethnography of the Southwest. National
Park Service, Berkeley, California.
1936 Navajo Indian Silver-work. (Old West series of pamphlets, No. 8.)
*Benavides, Fray Alonso de
1900-1901 "The Memorial of Fray Alonso de Benavides," 1630. Land of
Sunshine, 13:277 ff.; 14:39 ff. (Also translated by Mrs. Edward E. Ayer
and privately printed, Chicago, 1916. 309 pp., illus.)
1928 Psychological Types in the Cultures of the Southwest. International
Congress of Americanists, 23:572-581.
1932 Configurations of Culture in North America. AA, n.s., 34:1-27.
1897 Northern Elements in the Mythology of the Navaho. AA,
1920 "The Classification of American Languages." AA, n.s.,
*Bourke, John G.
1884 The Snake Dance of the Moquis of Arizona. New York.
Buff, Mary Marsh
1937 "Dancing Cloud," the Navajo Boy. New York. (A children's
*Calhoun, James S. See Abel, Annie H., ed.
*Commissioner of Indian Affairs
Annual Reports. Washington.
*Connelley, W. E. See Hughes, John T.
1926 Under the Sun. New York. (A novel of Navaho captivity.)
1929 The Navajo Indians. Cambridge, Massachusetts. (Popular, modern
Coolidge, Mary Elizabeth
1929 The Rain-makers... New York. (Popular, modern account of Navaho and
Pueblo ceremonies and customs.)
1937 People on the Earth. New York. (A novel of modern adjustment among
Curtis, Edward S.
1907 The North American Indian (Vol. 1) Cambridge.
*Davis, William Watts H.
1857 El Gringo. . . . New York.
Denver Art Museum
1930 Navajo Silversmithing. Indian Leaflets, No. 15. Denver.
Dorsey, George A.
1903 Indians of the Southwest. Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe
*Douglas, Frederic H.
1934 Apache Indian Coiled Basketry. Denver Art Museum, Leaflet 64.
*Douglass, Andrew E.
1929 "The Secrets of the Southwest Solved by Talkative Tree Rings."
National Geographic Magazine, 56:737-770.
*Eaton, Colonel J. H.
1860 Description of the True State and Character of the New Mexican
Tribes. In: Archives of Aboriginal Knowledge, by Henry R. Schoolcraft.
Pt. IV: 216-221; 416.
Eaton, Theodore H., Jr.
1937 Amphibians and Reptiles of the Navajo Country, National Park
Service. Birds of the Navajo Country, National Park Service. Geology of
the Navajo Country, National Park Service. Mammals of the Navajo
Country, National Park Service. Prehistoric Man in the Navajo Country,
National Park Service.
1900 Over the Great Navajo Trail. New York.
1884 A Night With the Navajos. Forest and Stream, 23:282-283.
1935 "Navajo Folk-lore." Southwestern Lore, 1:10-16. (Gunnison,
Faris, C. E.
1925 The Navajo Shepherd and His Problems." The Native American, Vol.
1934 Desert Wife. Boston. (The story of a trader's wife.)
1931 Dancing gods; Indian Ceremonials of New Mexico and Arizona. New
Fewkes, J. W.
1923 "Clay Figurines Made by Navaho Children." AA, 25:559.
Fillmore, J. C. and Matthews, Washington
1896 "Songs of the Navajos." Land of Sunshine, Vol. 7.
*Franciscans, Saint Michaels, Arizona
1910 An Ethnologic Dictionary of the Navaho Language. St. Michaels,
1912 A Vocabulary of the Navaho Language.... St. Michaels, Arizona.
Fraps, Clara Lee
1935 "They Live by Turquoise." Arizona Highways, March. (Popular
1930 Windsinger. New York. (A novel about a Navaho medicine man.)
Gillmore, Frances and Wetherill, Louisa Wade
1934 Traders to the Navahos... Boston. (The story of the Wetherill
*Goddard, Pliny Earl
1906 Assimilation to Environment as Illustrated by Athapascan Peoples.
International Congress of Americanists, (Proceedings) 337-359.
1910 "Navaho Blankets." American Museum of Natural History, Journal Vol.
1931 Indians of the Southwest (4th edition). American Museum of Natural
History. Handbook series, No. 2. New York. (Summary of the Ethnography
of the Southwest.)
1937 "The Characteristics and Function of Clans in a Southern Athapascan
Culture." AA, 39:394-407.
1850 Commerce of the Prairies... (4th edition). (Also an abridged
edition, New York, 1884.) Philadelphia.
*Gregory, Herbert E.
1915 "The Navajo Country." American Geographical Society, Bull.
1916 The Navajo Country, a Geographic and Hydrographic Reconnaissance of
Parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. (U.S. Geological Survey, Water
1917 Geology of the Navajo Country. (U.S. Geological Survey,
Professional Paper 93.)
Guernsey, S. J.
1920 "Notes on a Navajo War Dance." AA, n.s., 22:304-307.
*Guernsey, Samuel James and Kidder, Alfred V.
1921 Basket-Maker Caves of Northwestern Arizona. Papers of the Peabody
Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Vol.
8, No. 2.
*Haeberlin, Herman K.
1916 "The Idea of Fertilization in the Culture of the Pueblo Indians."
Memoirs of the Anthropological Association, Vol. 3, No. 1:1-55.
*Haile, Father Berard
1917 "Note on Navaho Migrations and Pueblo Names." AA, n.s., 19:151.
1922 The Navaho Country. Annual of Franciscan Missions, 28-37.
1926 A Manual of Navaho Grammar. St. Michaels, Arizona.
Hall, Ansel F.
1936 "Exploring the Navajo Country." American Forests, 42:382.
*Harrington, J. P.
1911 "Key to the Navaho Orthography Employed by the Franciscan Fathers."
AA, n.s., 13:173-174.
1920 Old Indian Geographical Names Around Santa Fe, New Mexico. AA, n.
1920 American Indians; First Families of the Southwest, edited by J. F.
Huckel... 2d ed. Kansas City, Missouri.
1936 "History of the Sheep Industry in Arizona." Arizona Historical
Review, Vol. 8, No. 3:3-49.
*Hewett, Edgar L.
1906 "Origin of the Name Navaho." AA, n.s., 8:193.
*Hill, W. W.
1935 "The Status of the Hermaphrodite and Transvestite in Navaho
Culture." AA, n.s., 37:273-279.
1935 "The Hand-Trembling Ceremony of the Navaho." El Palacio,
1936 Navaho Warfare. Yale University Publications in Anthropology, No. 5
--- Agriculture and Hunting Among the Navaho. MS.
*Hodge, F. W.
1895 "The Early Navajo and Apache." AA, 8:223-240.
1907-1910 Handbook of the American Indians. BBAE No. 30 (2 Vols.).
1928 "How Old is Southwestern Indian Silverwork?" El Palacio,
Hollister, Uriah S.
1903 The Navajo and His Blanket. Denver.
Hoover, J W
1931 "Navajo Nomadism." Geographical Review, 21:429.
1900 "Physical and Physiological Observations on the Navaho." AA, 2:339
1908 Physiological and Medical Observations Among the Indians of the
Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico. BBAE No. 34
Hubbell, J. L. and Hogg, J. E.
1930 "Fifty Years an Indian Trader." Touring Topics, December. (Los
Huckel, J. F., ed. See Harvey, Fred
*Hughes, John Taylor
1907 .. . Doniphan's Expedition and the Conquest of New Mexico and
California. By William E. Connelley.... Includes a reprint of the work
of Col. John T. Hughes. Topeka, Kansas.
*James, George Wharton
1914 Indian Blankets and Their Makers. Chicago.
*Kidder, Alfred V.
1920 Ruins of the Historic Period in the Upper San Juan Valley, New
Mexico. AA, n. s., 22:322-329.
1924 ...An Introduction to the Study of Southwestern Archaeology.... New
*Kroeber, Alfred L.
1928 Native Cultures of the Southwest. (University of California
Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 23, No. 9.)
1929 Laughing Boy. Boston. (A novel.)
1935 All the Young Men. Boston. (Short stories.)
1856 Sketch of the Navaho Tribe of Indians, Territory of New Mexico.
Smithsonian Institution, Annual Report, 1855, pp. 283-297.
Leupp, Francis E.
1897 Notes of a Summer Tour Among the Indians of the Southwest.
Lipps, Oscar H.
1909 ...The Navajos. Cedar Rapids, Iowa. (Popular summary of the
Lummis, Charles F.
1896 "The Best Blanket in the World." Land of Sunshine, 6:8-11.
1883 "Navajo Silversmiths." RBAE 2:167-178.
1883 "A Part of the Navajo's Mythology." American Antiquarian,
1884 "Navajo Weavers." RBAE, 3:371-391.
1885 Mythic Dry-Paintings of the Navajos. American Naturalist,
1885 "The Origin of the Utes: A Navajo Myth." American Antiquarian,
1886 "Navajo Names for Plants." American Naturalist, 20:767-777.
1886 "Some Deities and Demons of the Navajos." American Naturalist,
1887 "The Mountain Chant." RBAE, 5:379-467.
1888 "Prayer of a Navaho Shaman." AA, 1:149-171.
1889 "Navaho Gambling Songs." AA, 2:1-19.
1889 "Noqoilpi, the Gambler: A Navajo Myth." JAFL, 2:89-94.
1890 "The Gentile System of the Navaho Indians." JAFL, 3:89-110.
1892 "A Study in Butts and Tips." AA, 5:345-350.
1894 "The Basket Drum." AA, 7:202-208.
1894 "Songs of Sequence of the Navajos." JAFL, 7:185-194.
1894 "Some Illustrations of the Connection Between Myth and Ceremony."
International Congress of Anthropologists, Memoirs, pp. 240-251.
1896 A Vigil of the Gods--a Navaho Ceremony." AA, 9:50-57.
1897 "Navaho Legends." American Folk-Lore Society. Memoirs, Vol. 5.
1898 "Ichthyophobia" JAFL, 11:105-112.
1900 "Two-faced Navaho Blanket." AA, n.s., 2:638.
1902 Night Chant.... American Museum of Natural History, Memoirs, (Vol.
1904 Navajo Yellow Dye. AA, n.s., 6:194.
1904 Note on Navaho Tribes. AA, n.s., 6:758-759.
1901 The Treatment of Ailing Gods. JAFL 14:20-23.
1907 "Dry Paintings." BBAE No. 30, Pt. I:403-404.
1907 "Navaho Myths, Prayers, and Songs." University of California
Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 5, No. 2.
1910 "Navaho." BBAE No. 30, Vol. 2:40-45.
*1884 "Navajo Dye Stuffs." RBAE, 3:375.
1930 "The Navajo and His Silver-Work." New Mexico Highway Journal, Vol.
8, No. 8.
1898 "Navaho Houses." RBAE 17, Pt. II:469-517.
Moore, J. B.
1911 The Navajo. Denver.
1931 "Navaho Treatment of Sickness: Diagnosticians." AA, n.s.,
1932 "Navaho Dreams." AA, n.s., 34:390-405.
1936 Human-Wolves Among the Navaho. (Yale University Publications in
Anthropology, No. 11.)
Neunnann, D. L.
1933 "Navajo Silver Dies." El Palacio, 35:71-75.
*Opler, M. E.
1936 "The Kinship Systems of the Southern Athabaskan-Speaking Tribes."
AA, n.s., 38:620-633.
Ostermann, Leopold, O. F. M.
1906 "The Navaho Noun." International Congress of Americanists,
(Proceedings?), pp. 243-254.
*Parsons, E. C.
1919 "Note on Navajo War Dance." AA, n.s., 21:465-467.
1936 Hopi Journal of Alexander M. Stephen. Edited by Elsie Clews
Parsons. Columbia University Contributions to Anthropology, No. 23.
Pepper, George H.
1902 "The Making of a Navajo Blanket." Everybody's Magazine, 6:35.
1903 "Native Navajo Dyes." The Papoose, 1:1-11. (New York.)
1908 "Ah-jih-lee-hah-neh, a Navajo Legend." JAFL, 21:178.
Peters, J. H.
1850 Dyeing, Spinning, and Weaving by the Comanche, Navajoes and Other
Indians of New Mexico. In the Indian Miscellany, edited by W. W. Beach.
Reagan, Albert B.
1919 "The Influenza and the Navaho." Proceedings of the Indiana Academy
of Science, pp. 243-247.
1934 "A Navaho Fire Dance." AA, n.s., 36:434-437.
*Reichard, Gladys A.
1928 "Social Life of the Navajo Indians, With Some Attention to Minor
Ceremonies." (Columbia University Contributions to Anthropology, Vol.
1934 "Spider Woman": A Story of Navajo Weavers and Chanters. New
1936 Navajo Shepherd and Weaver. New York.
1936 "The Enta--In the Land of the Navajos." American Forests,
*Sabin, Edwin L.
1914 Kit Carson Days. Chicago.
1915 "The Na-Dene Languages, a Preliminary Report." AA, n.s.,
Sapir, Edward and Sandoval, Albert
1930 "A Note on Navaho Pottery." AA, n.s., 32:575-576.
1935 "A Navaho Sand Painting Blanket." AA, n.s., 37:609-616.
*Schoolcraft, Henry R.
1860 Archives of Aboriginal Knowledge, Pt. IV. Philadelphia. (This is a
review of the author's Historical and Statistical Information Respecting
the History, Condition, and Prospects of Indian Tribes of the United
States...--1851-57. Issued also with title: Information Respecting the
History, Condition, etc.--1853-57.)
Schufeldt, R. W.
1887 "Arrow Release Among the Navajos." American Naturalist,
1888 "The Navaho Tanner." U.S. National Museum, Proc., 11:59-66.
1891 "Mortuary Customs of the Navajo Indians." American Naturalist,
1891 "The Navajo Belt Weaver." U.S. National Museum, Proc.,
1892 "The Evolution of House Building Among the Navajo Indians." U.S.
National Museum, Proc., 15:279-282.
*Simpson, J. H.
1850 Journal of a Military Reconnaissance From Santa Fe, New Mexico, to
the Navajo Country.... Ex. Doc. 64, 31st Congress, 1st Session
(Senate). "Reports of the Secretary of War," etc. Washington, 1850.
Sloan, John and La Farge, Oliver
1931 Introduction to American Indian Art. Pt. I. New York.
1904 "Navajo Blankets." Out West, 20:447-449.
*Stephen, Alexander M.
1888 "The Navajo Shoemaker." U.S. National Museum, Proc.,
1893 "The Navajo." AA, 6:345-362.
1930 "Navaho Origin Legend." JAFL, 43:88-104.
1891 "Ceremonial of Hasjelti Dailjis and Mythical Sand Painting of the
Navajo Indians." RBAE, 8:229-285.
Strong, William D.
1927 "An Analysis of Southwestern Society." AA, 29:1-61.
1932 Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the United States. Hearings
Before U.S. Senate, 71st Congress, Pts. 18 and 22.
1937 Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the United States. Hearings
Before U.S. Senate, 75th Congress. Pt. 34.
*Swanton, John R.
1907 "Athapascan Family." BBAE No. 30, Pt. I:108-110.
Swanton, J. R. and Dixon, R. B.
1914 Primitive American History. AA, n. s., 16:376-412.
*Ten Broeck, P. G. S.
1860 "Manners and Customs of the Moqui and Navajo Tribes of New Mexico."
In Schoolcraft's Archives of Aboriginal Knowledge, Pt. IV:72-91.
*Thomas, Alfred Barnaby, ed. and tr.
1932 Forgotten Frontiers. Norman, Oklahoma.
Thorndike, Rachel Sherman
1894 The Sherman Letters. Correspondence between General and Senator
Sherman from 1837 to 1891. New York.
Tozzer, Alfred M.
1902 "A Navaho Sand Picture of the Rain Gods and Its Attendant
Ceremony." 13th International Congress of Americanists, (Proc.?), pp.
1908 "A Note on Star-Lore Among the Navajos." JAFL, 21:28-32.
1909 Notes on Religious Ceremonials of the Navaho. Putnam Anniversary
Volume, pp. 299-343, Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
Twitchell, Ralph E.
1911 The Leading Facts of New Mexican History. Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
1914 Spanish Archives of New Mexico. Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
U.S. Committee on Indian Affairs. See last item in Bibliography.
U.S. Office of Indian Affairs See Abel, Annie H., ed.
Verplanck, James D.
1934 A Country of Shepherds. Boston
Walton, E. L., and Waterman, T. T.
1925 "American Indian Poetry." AA, n.s., 27:25-52.
Walton, Eda Lou
1930 "Navajo Song Patterning." JAFL, 43:105-118.
1933 Turquoise Boy and White Shell Girl. Crowell Co. (A children's
1926 Dawn Boy.... New York. (Poetry.)
1914 The Navajo Indians; a Statement of Facts. St. Michaels,
1937 Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the U.S. Hearings Before
U.S. Senate, 75th Congress, Pt. 34:17557.
1885 Report of a Visit to the Navajo, Pueblo, and Hualapais Indians...
1930 Prehistoric North American Basketry Techniques and Modern
Distributions. AA, n.s., 32:454-495.
1932 Problems in the Study of Ancient and Modern Basketmakers. AA, n.s.,
Various Information Given to the Author.
Wetherill, Louisa and Gillmore, Frances
1934 Traders to the Navajo. Boston.
Wetherill, Lula W. and Cummings, Byron
1922 "A Navajo Folk Tale of Pueblo Bonito." Art and Archaeology,
1925 Navaho Tales. Boston
1931 The American Indian. New York. (Reprint of 2d ed., c 1922.)
Wyman, L. C. and Amsden, Charles
1934 "A Patchwork Cloak." The Masterkey, 8:133-137.
Wyman, L. C.
1936 "Navaho Diagnosticians." AA, n.s., 38:236-246.
1936 "Origin Legends of Navaho Divinatory Rites." JAFL, 49:134-142.
1937 "Navajo Trading." In Survey of Conditions of the Indians in the
United States, Hearings Before U.S. Senate, 75th Congress, Pt.
*Zarate Salmeron, Fray Geronimo de
1899-1900 "Relacion" of Events in California and New Mexico From 1538 to
1626. Translated by C. F. Lummis under title: "Pioneers of the Far West.
The Earliest History of California, New Mexico, etc. From Documents
Never Before Published in English." Land of Sunshine, 11:336-346;
12:39-48, 104-113, 180-187.
*Zeh, W. H.
1932 Report in Survey of Conditions.... Hearings Before U.S. Senate,
71st Congress, Pt. 18:9121 ff.
U.S. Committee on Indian Affairs.
Hearings Before a Sub-committee.... U.S. Senate, 75th Congress, 1st
session, Pt. 34: Navajo Boundary and Pueblos in New Mexico. Wash., D.C.,
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