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Field Division of Education
Preliminary Report on the Ethnography of the Southwest
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Rancheria Peoples: The Pima and Papago have been rather thoroughly described in my report on the material culture of the Pima, Papago, and Western Apache. The Opata are little known and most of the available material is in the Documentos para la Historia de Mexico cited in the bibliography of the report on Tumacacori. For other rancheria peoples there is in general only one source of importance each, as follows (first citation is the important one):

Maricopa: Spier, 1933

Cocopa: Gifford, 1933

Yuma: Forde, 1931; Gifford, 1926; J. P. Harrington, 1908; Hertzog, 1928

Mohave: Kroeber, 1902, 1925; Allen, 1891; Bourke, 1889.

Walapai: Kroeber and others. MS now in press. American Anthopological Society, Memoir Series.

Havasupai: Spier, 1928.


There are very few adequate studies available of this group. The western Apache material is summarized in my report on the Material Culture of the Pima, Papago, and Western Apache.

For the Yavapai, see Gifford, 1932.

For the Paiute, there is practically nothing available. See Lowie, 1924. Also, Dr. Isabel Kelly, Department of Anthropology, University of California, has just finished an intensive study which is not yet even in MS stage.

For the Navaho, see Amsden, Franciscan Fathers; Goddard, 1910; Guernsey, 1920; James, 1914; Letherman, 1856; Lipps, 1909; Matthews, 1883, 1884, 1887, 1888, 1889, 1890, 1892, 1894, 1894a, 1896, 1900, 1902, 1904, 1904a; C. Mindeleff, 1898; Morgan, 1931; Parsons, 1919c; Reichard, 1928; Shufeldt, 1888, 1891, 1891a, 1892; Stephen, 1893, 1930; J. Stevenson, 1891; Tozzer, 1905, 1908.

For material culture, W. W. Hill, Graduate School, Yale University, New Haven, is collecting data and may have some in MS form but is spending 1934-35 in the field and will have much mere.


For the eastern Apache, Dr. E. E. Opler (last address Tularosa, New Mexico) has been collecting much new material which has not yet been published. Otherwise there are only scattered references. The Comanche are practically unknown, although there have been recent studies as yet unpublished (see Richardson, 1929; Mooney, 1898). The Ute data, inadequate as they are, have been summarized in my report on the Ethnology of Rocky Mountain National Park. (See also Lowie, 1924.) The Kiowa and Kiowa Apache data are scanty but are contained in Mooney, 1896, 1898; Parsons, 1929; Spier, 1921.

See also for Apache: Bourke, 1892, 1892a; Cremony.


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