Casemates and Cannonballs
Archeological Investigations at Fort Stanwix National Monument
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Although we run the risk of forgetting the contributions of some individuals involved in an archeological project of this magnitude, certain persons and institutions are particularly deserving of our gratitude, and must be mentioned here. Many individuals and representatives of local, State, and Federal organizations cooperated with us. The assistance of the private citizens of Rome, New York, was matched by their justified pride in Fort Stanwix, a historic site of national significance.

We are particularly indebted to Edwin Ball, President of the Rome Historical Society, E. Stevens Wright and Frederick Rahmer, Directors of the Society's Fort Stanwix Museum, for the use of their historical files and library. And we are especially grateful to Curry M. Bartlett Jr., and Edward Ratazzi of the Rome Chamber of Commerce for providing interpretive assistance in the form of pamphlets and signs during the time of excavation.

Representatives of State and local organizations who assisted include Gordon A. DeAngelo of the New York State Department of Transportation, who helped us in the excavation and allowed us access to his personal library; William Flinchbaugh, Executive Director of the Rome Urban Renewal Agency, for facilitating the demolition and clearing of the site; the Honorable William Valentine, Mayor of the City of Rome, for extending the hospitality and services of the community; Stephen Zingerline and Frank Clark of the Rome City Engineer's Office, and staff members of the Rome Water Department for information on elevations and underground lines; and the Rome Fire Department for cutting pipes and trees in the excavation, and the loan of equipment.

Certain members of the National Park Service deserve recognition for their work on the Fort Stanwix project. They include John Luzader, historian, whose report on the construction and military history of Fort Stanwix provided a most valuable resource; Orville W. Carroll, historical architect, for his interpretation of structural remains and conjectural elevation and projection drawings included in this book; John L. Cotter, archeologist, for advice and assistance in this project; and Harold Peterson, Chief of Curatorial Services, for identification of artifacts.

The contributions of several staff members of the Rome Daily Sentinel are most appreciated. They include Fritz S. Updike, Editor, who served as a liaison for us with the entire community; and Edwin Miller, who assisted us during excavation and offered the use of his photographic darkroom after ours was closed.

The individual members and staffs of several learned institutions and libraries were of particular help. They include Howard Miller, Professor of Entomology and Pathology, State University of New York (Syracuse), for identifying faunal and floral remains; the staff of the Jervis Public Library who spent countless hours searching for obscure facts and locating rare books; and the Oneida Historical Society for the use of their extensive collection of documents.

Among those corporate and private businesses that assisted us are the Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation for work at the site; the Pettibone Corporation for the use of their cranes; Revere Copper and Brass, Inc., for examining metal specimens to determine origin; the Rome Sentinel Corporation for the loan of tools; and United Contractors for the special care they exercised in demolishing buildings in such a way as not to destroy archeological evidence.

We are grateful to many private citizens of Rome. Foremost among them is William Scripture for his tireless efforts in locating and transcribing original documents pertaining to Fort Stanwix. Others include David Wright, who gave up a part of his vacation to search the British Museum for early plans of Fort Stanwix; Chester Williams who made his collection available for our study, the McGraw powder horn in particular; and David Wertheimer, whose photography aided us materially.

Our special thanks go to Roselyn I. Gillard, Marguerite Burek and Vivian Crawford for typing the manuscript.

L.H.H. and D.P.H.
August 1974
Rome, N.Y.

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Last Updated: 02-Dec-2008