ALLEGHENY PORTAGE RAILROAD
Lemon House and Coal Mine
Historic Structures Report (Part IHistorical Data)
1. Louis B. Wright, The Cultural
Life of the American Colonies, 1607-1763 (New York, Harper and
Brothers, 1957), pp. 66-69. Also, James Martin Yeager, A Brief
History of the Yeager, Buffington . . . Lemon . . . Families . . . of
Pennsylvania (Privately printed, 1912), pp. 196-201. This volume was
located in the Library of Congress and contains a brief but useful
historical statement on the Lemon family. See also Pennsylvania General
Assembly, Memorial Proceedings of the Senate upon the Death of Hon.
John A. Lemon (Clarence M. Busch, State Printery of Pennsylvania,
1897), pp. 22-23. Located in the Library of Congress.
2. Ibid. In James M. Yeager, p. 212,
there are reproductions of the portraits. of Samuel and Jean Lemon.
3. "Map of the Coal Lands of Cambria
Iron Co. in the vicinity of Cresson, Cambria Co., Pa." Undated, but
likely drawn in the late 1890's. Markings, "BK 778, pg. 775, Cambria"
indicate the document was copied from original in the Pennsylvania
Archives in Harrisburg. Also, "Brief of Title." Both documents are in
the files of Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site, here
after referred to as the Historic Site.
4. Deed Book No. 3, p. 322,
recorded Aug. 1826, Cambria County, Ebensburg, Pennsylvania.
5. "A Map of Cambria County
constructed according to law by Walter B. Hudson and John Morrison,
1817." Owned by Irving London, Johnstown, Pa.
6. Record of Assessments,
1810-1828, Cambria County Allegheny Township Assessment, 1826;
Unseated Assessments, 1820-24.
7. W. Milnor Roberts,
"Reminiscences of W. Milnor Roberts," Transactions of the
Association of Mechanical and Civil Engineers, 7(1878), p. 199.
8. Canal Commissioners' Journal,
1830-1832, p. 588, Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. Also,
the Railway and Locomotive Historical Society (Bulletin No. 44, Oct.
1937), p. 7.
9. Sesquicentennial of Cambria
County (Cambria County Historical Society, 1954), p. 31. Also, G. A.
Wolf, ed., Blair County's First Hundred Years (Altoona, no
publisher, 1945), p. 344.
10. Record of Tax Duplicates,
1835, Cambria County.
11. Cambria Freeman, March 7,
1867, Cambria County Historical Society, Ebensburg.
13. Charles Morse Stotz, The
Architectural Heritage of Early Western Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh,
University of Pittsburgh Press, 1966), p. 174.
15. Ibid. This work is the product
of the Western Pennsylvania Architectural Survey. A vast amount of
material, too extensive to be included inn the book, is preserved in the
archives of the Pennsylvania Room of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh.
It is entirely possible that survey drawings and other photographs can
be located there which would be of great importance to the
16. The tax assessment record of
1826 may be in error. It lists Lemon's holdings as 28 acres and in 1827
and 1828, as 288 acres, which suggests that the 1826 entry ought to be
288 as well and a digit "8" was misplaced.
17. Record of Tax Duplicates
1830-1839, Cambria County.
18. Records of Assessments,
1841-49, Washington Township, Cambria County.
19. Sesquicentennial of Cambria
County, no pages. Wolf, p. 344. Peregrine Prolix [P.H. Nicklin],
Peregrination Thro the Prettiest Parts of Pennsylvania
(Philadelphia, 1836), p. 124. Pennsylvania Board of Canal Commissioners'
Records (MSS in the Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Penna.), W2
f4, document 91. David Stevenson, Sketch of Civil Engineering in
North America London, 1838), p. 273.
20. Sesquicentennial of Cambria
County. Thomas J. Chapman, The Valley of the Conemaugh
(Altoona, 1865) p. 86. Ebensburg Sky, Dec. 4, 1833, p. 2.
21. Cambria Freeman, March 7,
22. Harry H. Jacobs, The Juniata
Canal and Old Portage Railroad (Blair County Historical Society,
23. Jerome C. White and Samuel Law,
"The Coal Industry in Cambria County," Sesquicentennial of Cambria
24. Tax Assessment Records,
1840-59, Cambria County.
25. Michel Chevalier, Histoire et
Description des Voies de Communication aux Etats-Unis 3 (Paris,
1840), Book of Plates.
26. Pennsylvania Land Office,
Harrisburg, Map Book 3 - cll, Tin Box 3.
27. H. W. Storey, History of
Cambria County, Pennsylvania (New York, 1907), p. 574. "Map
Exhibiting the Summit of Allegheny Mountain," Pennsylvania Land Office,
Map Book 3-cll, Tin Box 3.
28. "Map of Lemon Mine property of
Cambria Iron Co., July 28, 1897" (redrawn April 18, 1903), Historical
Files of the Historic Site.
29. "Report on the Allegheny Portage
Railroad," Pennsylvania Senate Journal, 2 (Session 1831-32), p. 128.
30. Pennsylvania Board of Canal
Commissioners' Records, here after PBCC, (MSS in Pennsylvania State
Archives, Harrisburg, Penn.), Group 17, Box 2, W2 f 6, Vol. 6 -
Contracts, documents 179 and 192.
31. Pennsylvania State Land Office,
Harrisburg, Auditor General Book, 76-1 e p, p. 221-223.
32. PBCC Records (copy in Cambria
County Historical Society Archives), folder A, K-97, drawer 2.
33. PBCC Records W2 b 34.
34. Record of Assessments, 1853-57,
Washington TWP., Cambria County.
35. PBCC Records (PSAH), W2 b 34,
Files of the H.S.
36. Record of Assessments,
1853-57, Cambria County.
37. Cambria Freeman, March 7,
38. Telephone conversation with
Joseph L. Gifford, Camp Hill, Penn. He is the great-Grandson of Samuel
Lemon and has been collecting historical data on the family.
39. Yeager, pp. 200-201.
Pennsylvania General Assembly, Memorial Proceedings pp.
40. Altoona Mirror, Feb. 3,
41. Stotz, pp. 150 and 183.
42. Richard P. Wittpenn and others,
Allegheny Portage Railroad: A Proposed National Historic Site,
National Park Service, Northeast Region, Department of the Interior,
Field Investigation Report (Philadelphia, 1962), p. 6.
43. Ibid. Appendix, p. 2.
44. "Map of Lemon Mine, Property of
Cambria Iron Co., July 28, 1897," Files of the Historic Site.
45. Francis R. Holland, Jr.,
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site; Interpretive
Prospectus, National Park Service, (Washington, D. C., 1965).
46. D. G. Beers, "Map of Cambria
Co., Penna." (A. Pomeroy, 1867). Also, Michel Chevalier, "Book of
47. Tax Assessment Records, 453-1871,
Blair County Court House, Hollidaysburg, Penna.
48. Earl J. Heydinger,
Comprehensive History of the Pennsylvania Canal System, with
Particular Attention to the Allegheny Portage Railroad . . .
Portion: Plane #6, National Park Service, Northeast Region (Phila.,
June, 1966), pp. 12-13.
49. Pennsylvania State
Journal, Appendix to Vol. 2, 1835-36, p. 80.
50. Pennsylvania State Archives,
Harrisburg, Penn., 42 f4, Document 91.
51. Edward McM. Larrabee, Interim
Report of Preliminary Archeological Survey, Allegheny Portage National
Historic Site, National Park Service, Philadelphia Service Center
(Phila., June 6, 1967).
52. Ibid., p. 18.
Last Updated: 03-Nov-2009