Lemon House and Coal Mine
Historic Structures Report (Part I—Historical Data)
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1. Louis B. Wright, The Cultural Life of the American Colonies, 1607-1763 (New York, Harper and Brothers, 1957), pp. 66-69. Also, James Martin Yeager, A Brief History of the Yeager, Buffington . . . Lemon . . . Families . . . of Pennsylvania (Privately printed, 1912), pp. 196-201. This volume was located in the Library of Congress and contains a brief but useful historical statement on the Lemon family. See also Pennsylvania General Assembly, Memorial Proceedings of the Senate upon the Death of Hon. John A. Lemon (Clarence M. Busch, State Printery of Pennsylvania, 1897), pp. 22-23. Located in the Library of Congress.

2. Ibid. In James M. Yeager, p. 212, there are reproductions of the portraits. of Samuel and Jean Lemon.

3. "Map of the Coal Lands of Cambria Iron Co. in the vicinity of Cresson, Cambria Co., Pa." Undated, but likely drawn in the late 1890's. Markings, "BK 778, pg. 775, Cambria" indicate the document was copied from original in the Pennsylvania Archives in Harrisburg. Also, "Brief of Title." Both documents are in the files of Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site, here after referred to as the Historic Site.

4. Deed Book No. 3, p. 322, recorded Aug. 1826, Cambria County, Ebensburg, Pennsylvania.

5. "A Map of Cambria County constructed according to law by Walter B. Hudson and John Morrison, 1817." Owned by Irving London, Johnstown, Pa.

6. Record of Assessments, 1810-1828, Cambria County Allegheny Township Assessment, 1826; Unseated Assessments, 1820-24.

7. W. Milnor Roberts, "Reminiscences of W. Milnor Roberts," Transactions of the Association of Mechanical and Civil Engineers, 7(1878), p. 199.

8. Canal Commissioners' Journal, 1830-1832, p. 588, Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. Also, the Railway and Locomotive Historical Society (Bulletin No. 44, Oct. 1937), p. 7.

9. Sesquicentennial of Cambria County (Cambria County Historical Society, 1954), p. 31. Also, G. A. Wolf, ed., Blair County's First Hundred Years (Altoona, no publisher, 1945), p. 344.

10. Record of Tax Duplicates, 1835, Cambria County.

11. Cambria Freeman, March 7, 1867, Cambria County Historical Society, Ebensburg.

12. Ibid.

13. Charles Morse Stotz, The Architectural Heritage of Early Western Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh Press, 1966), p. 174.

14. Ibid

15. Ibid. This work is the product of the Western Pennsylvania Architectural Survey. A vast amount of material, too extensive to be included inn the book, is preserved in the archives of the Pennsylvania Room of the Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. It is entirely possible that survey drawings and other photographs can be located there which would be of great importance to the architect.

16. The tax assessment record of 1826 may be in error. It lists Lemon's holdings as 28 acres and in 1827 and 1828, as 288 acres, which suggests that the 1826 entry ought to be 288 as well and a digit "8" was misplaced.

17. Record of Tax Duplicates 1830-1839, Cambria County.

18. Records of Assessments, 1841-49, Washington Township, Cambria County.

19. Sesquicentennial of Cambria County, no pages. Wolf, p. 344. Peregrine Prolix [P.H. Nicklin], Peregrination Thro the Prettiest Parts of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, 1836), p. 124. Pennsylvania Board of Canal Commissioners' Records (MSS in the Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Penna.), W2 f4, document 91. David Stevenson, Sketch of Civil Engineering in North America London, 1838), p. 273.

20. Sesquicentennial of Cambria County. Thomas J. Chapman, The Valley of the Conemaugh (Altoona, 1865) p. 86. Ebensburg Sky, Dec. 4, 1833, p. 2.

21. Cambria Freeman, March 7, 1867.

22. Harry H. Jacobs, The Juniata Canal and Old Portage Railroad (Blair County Historical Society, Hollidaysburg, 1941).

23. Jerome C. White and Samuel Law, "The Coal Industry in Cambria County," Sesquicentennial of Cambria County.

24. Tax Assessment Records, 1840-59, Cambria County.

25. Michel Chevalier, Histoire et Description des Voies de Communication aux Etats-Unis 3 (Paris, 1840), Book of Plates.

26. Pennsylvania Land Office, Harrisburg, Map Book 3 - cll, Tin Box 3.

27. H. W. Storey, History of Cambria County, Pennsylvania (New York, 1907), p. 574. "Map Exhibiting the Summit of Allegheny Mountain," Pennsylvania Land Office, Map Book 3-cll, Tin Box 3.

28. "Map of Lemon Mine property of Cambria Iron Co., July 28, 1897" (redrawn April 18, 1903), Historical Files of the Historic Site.

29. "Report on the Allegheny Portage Railroad," Pennsylvania Senate Journal, 2 (Session 1831-32), p. 128.

30. Pennsylvania Board of Canal Commissioners' Records, here after PBCC, (MSS in Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Penn.), Group 17, Box 2, W2 f 6, Vol. 6 - Contracts, documents 179 and 192.

31. Pennsylvania State Land Office, Harrisburg, Auditor General Book, 76-1 e p, p. 221-223.

32. PBCC Records (copy in Cambria County Historical Society Archives), folder A, K-97, drawer 2.

33. PBCC Records W2 b 34.

34. Record of Assessments, 1853-57, Washington TWP., Cambria County.

35. PBCC Records (PSAH), W2 b 34, Files of the H.S.

36. Record of Assessments, 1853-57, Cambria County.

37. Cambria Freeman, March 7, 1867.

38. Telephone conversation with Joseph L. Gifford, Camp Hill, Penn. He is the great-Grandson of Samuel Lemon and has been collecting historical data on the family.

39. Yeager, pp. 200-201. Pennsylvania General Assembly, Memorial Proceedings pp. 22-23.

40. Altoona Mirror, Feb. 3, 1955.

41. Stotz, pp. 150 and 183.

42. Richard P. Wittpenn and others, Allegheny Portage Railroad: A Proposed National Historic Site, National Park Service, Northeast Region, Department of the Interior, Field Investigation Report (Philadelphia, 1962), p. 6.

43. Ibid. Appendix, p. 2.

44. "Map of Lemon Mine, Property of Cambria Iron Co., July 28, 1897," Files of the Historic Site.

45. Francis R. Holland, Jr., Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site; Interpretive Prospectus, National Park Service, (Washington, D. C., 1965).

46. D. G. Beers, "Map of Cambria Co., Penna." (A. Pomeroy, 1867). Also, Michel Chevalier, "Book of Plates."

47. Tax Assessment Records, 453-1871, Blair County Court House, Hollidaysburg, Penna.

48. Earl J. Heydinger, Comprehensive History of the Pennsylvania Canal System, with Particular Attention to the Allegheny Portage Railroad . . . Portion: Plane #6, National Park Service, Northeast Region (Phila., June, 1966), pp. 12-13.

49. Pennsylvania State Journal, Appendix to Vol. 2, 1835-36, p. 80.

50. Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, Penn., 42 f4, Document 91.

51. Edward McM. Larrabee, Interim Report of Preliminary Archeological Survey, Allegheny Portage National Historic Site, National Park Service, Philadelphia Service Center (Phila., June 6, 1967).

52. Ibid., p. 18.

53. Ibid.

54. Ibid.

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Last Updated: 03-Nov-2009