A History of Black Americans in California:
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Adams, Dorothy. "Life in the Mining Camps of the Yuba River Valley." M.A. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1931.
Adams, Russell. Great Negroes Past and Present. Chicago: Afro-American Press, 1964.
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Belous, Russell. America's Black Heritage. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, 1969.
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Berwanger, Eugene. The Frontier Against Slavery. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1967.
Bond, Max. The Negro in Los Angeles. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Southern California, 1936.
Bonner, T. D. The Life and Adventures of James P. Beckwourth. New York: Arno Press, 1969.
Bontemps, Arna and Jack Conroy. Anyplace But Here. New York: Hilland Wang, 1966.
Bowers, George. "Will Imperial Valley Become a Land of Opportunity for Negro Citizens." Southern Workman, Vol. 59, July 1930, pp. 305-313.
Carter, Kate. The Negro Pioneer. Salt Lake City, 1965.
Cartland, Earl. "A Study of the Negroes Living in Pasadena." M.A. Thesis, Whittier College, 1948.
de Graaf, Lawrence. "Recognition, Racism and Reflections on the Writing of Western Black History." Pacific Historical Review, Vol. XLIV, 1975, pp. 23-51.
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_____________. A Guide to Negro History in America. New York: Doubleday, 1968.
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Fahey, John. "Casa de Light and Freeman." Manuscript, Old Town San Diego State Historic Park, 1973.
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Goode, Kenneth. California's Black Pioneers. Santa Barbara: McNally and Laughlin, 1974.
Jackson, Inez. History of Black Americans in San Jose. San Jose: Garden City Women's Club, 1978.
Katz, William Loren. The Black West. New York: Doubleday and Co., 1971.
Lapp, Rudolph. Blacks in Gold Rush California. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.
Lewis, Frank. "Original Town of Weed." The Siskiyou Pioneer and Yearbook, Vol. 3, 1967, pp. 5-10.
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O'Donnell, Haldredge. Mammy Pleasant. New York: Putman Co., 1953
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__________________. "Early Negro Education in the Pacific Coast States." Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 15, Winter, 1946, pp. 134-139.
_____________. "The Negro on the Mining Frontier." Journal of Negro History, Vol. XXX, January 1945.
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NEWSPAPERS:Fresno Bee, December 1969, 6/3.
The Independent and Gazette, December 21, 1978, 3/1.
Los Angeles California Eagle, October 19, 1929, 1/1.
Los Angeles Times, February 12, 1909, Section II, 1/1.
Los Angeles Times, July 1938, 13/4.
Marysville Daily Appeal, June 7, 1900, 1/2.
Mount Shasta Herald, March 16, 1978, Section II, 1/1.
Oakland Independent, October 19, 1929, 1/1.
Oakland Sunshine, September 11, 1909, 1/3.
Oakland Sunshine, October 30, 1915, 3/4.
San Francisco Chronicle, October 11, 1903, 5/1.
San Francisco Chronicle, September 11, 1904, 2/2.
San Francisco Mirror of the Times, May 22, 1857, 2/1.
San Francisco Pacific Appeal, November 29, 1873, 1/3.
San Francisco Spokesman, April 4,1934.
Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer, November 1912, 21.
Tulare Advance Register, October 30, 1973, 9/3.
Western American, October 29, 1926, 6/6.
Wheat/and Free Press, May 29, 1875, 4/1.
Wheat/and Free Press, June 5, 1875, 6/2.
Wheatland Record, January 18, 1878, 3/2.