About This Lesson
This lesson plan is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file, "Glorieta Battlefield" (with photographs),and other sources. James McBride, a New Mexico historian, and Judy Reed, an archeologist and cultural resources manager at Pecos National Historical Park wrote The Battle of Glorieta Pass: A Shattered Dream. Jean West, education consultant, and the Teaching with Historic Places staff edited the lesson. TwHP is sponsored, in part, by the Cultural Resources Training Initiative and Parks as Classrooms programs of the National Park Service. This lesson is one in a series that brings the important stories of historic places into classrooms across the country.
Where it fits into the curriculum
Topics: This lesson can be used in American history, social studies, and geography courses in units on westward expansion and the Civil War.
Time period: Mid 19th century
Relevant United States History Standards for Grades 5-12
Relevant Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
Find your state's social studies and history standards for grades Pre-K-12
Objectives for students
1) To examine and evaluate the importance of combat in the western (trans-Mississippi) theater during the Civil War.
2) To describe in general terms the movements of the two opposing armies that led to the clash of arms at the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
3) To analyze the motives, actions, and experiences of participants in the conflict from firsthand accounts.
4) To examine the local community for war memorials.
Materials for students
The materials listed below either can be used directly on the computer or can be printed out, photocopied, and distributed to students. The map and images appear twice: in a smaller, low-resolution version with associated questions and alone in a larger version.
1) one map showing the Southwest United States in 1862;
2) three readings about the Battle
of Glorieta Pass, including eyewitness accounts and copies of reports
of the battle;
3) one drawing of the area of the battles;
4) one painting of the fight at Pigeon's Ranch;
5) two photos of Pigeon's Ranch and the battlefield.
Visiting the site
The United States Congress designated the Glorieta Pass Battlefield as a National Battlefield and assigned its administration to Pecos National Historical Park. The battlefield is located off I-25 about 25 miles southeast of Santa Fe, New Mexico. The park is open daily from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. from Labor Day to Memorial Day and until 6 p.m. from Memorial Day to Labor Day. Tours and access to the battlefield are ranger-guided and available by reservation only. For more information, contact Pecos National Historical Park, P.O. Box 418, Pecos, New Mexico 87552, or visit the park's web site.