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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Glacier County Courthouse
Reference Number 13000446
State Montana
County Glacier
Town Cut Bank
Street Address 512 East Main Street
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 6/25/2013
Areas of Significance POLITICS/GOVERNMENT, COMMUNITY PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000446.pdf
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The Glacier County Courthouse in Cut Bank , Montana stands as a significant representation of the development of the locality. Designed in 1938 and completed in 1939 , it was built during a period of unprecedented prosperity in Cut Bank and the eastern side of the county, known as the Santa Rita Strip.At that time, while most of Montana and the nation experienced severe economic hardship, the area witnessed an oil boom that brought jobs, economic stability, and optimism.The building represents the county's confidence in their future, and hopeful pride in becoming the Oil Capital of the World. The building served the community since its construction as a center of political activity for the county, and housed county political officers, staff, and court. For these reasons , it is eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places under Criterion A. The building gains additional significance under Criterion C for its representation of the PWA Modern/Stripped Classical style and its associations with Angus Mciver, a prominent architect based in Great Falls during the mid and late twentieth century .2 The Glacier County Courthouse stands as an excellent local example of the style that became increasingly influential by the late 1930s - a time when many architects experimented with abstracted classical motifs combined with a reduction in architectural ornament. The courthouse's planes of Great Falls brick are nearly devoid of classical ornamentation, limited to the punctuated regular rhythm of tall, elongated bays, champhered terra cotta panels at the entry surround , and fluted terra cotta spandrels dividing the window bays between floors.The Glacier County Courthouse artfully embodies Mciver's monumental civic works at mid-century .

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria