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Historical Context

Map 1

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Locating the Site


Map 2: Kentucky and the surrounding region.

[Graphic] Map 2 with link to higher quality map.

The "Southern defense line" marked on the map was not an unbroken string of fortifications; instead, Confederate forces had established a series of positions they believed would help them fight the Union Army.

Questions for Map 2

1. What transportation routes ran through the region? How would the location of these routes affect the importance of southern Kentucky?

2. From its name and location, what do you think the Cumberland Gap is? Why would both the Union and the Confederacy want to control it?

3. The Confederates chose to establish a key position at Mill Springs, which sat on a high bluff. What places or features would it have had responsibility for protecting?

* The map on the screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a high quality version of this map, but be aware that the file will take as much as two minutes to a load with a 28.8K modem.

 

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National Park Service arrowhead with link to NPS website.