CHRONOLOGY OF NATIONAL PARK SERVICE REGIONAL STRUCTURE

1937

In response to the growth of the System and a previous division into four regions of the Civilian Conservation Corps, the following regions were established in 1937::

Region I. Richmond, VA

Included ME, NH, VT, MA, CT, RI, NY, NJ, PA, OH, DE, MD, WV, VA, KY, NC, SC, TN, GA, AL, MS, LA, FL.

Region II. Omaha, NE

Included MI, WI, IN, IL, MN, IA, MO, ND, SD, NE; KS, MT (except Glacier) WY, CO (except Mesa Verde, Colorado NM, Black Canyon of the Gunnison, Great Sand Dunes, Hovenweep and Yucca House), UT (only Dinosaur).

Region III. Oklahoma City, OK (to 1939), Santa Fe, NM

Included AR, OK, TX, NM, AZ, CO (only Mesa Verde, Colorado NM, Black Canyon of the Gunnison, Great Sand Dunes, Hovenweep, and Yucca House) NV (only Boulder Dam Recreation Area and Lehman Caves), UT (only Rainbow Bridge, Natural Bridge, Arches).

Region IV, San Francisco, CA

Included CA, WA, ID, OR, NV (except Boulder Dam Recreation Area and Lehman Caves) UT, (except Rainbow Bridge, Natural Bridge, Arches and Dinosaur) MT (only Glacier), AK, HI.

1940-1947

A "Memorandum to all" went out to the field on April 25, 1940 which officially announced the four regions and their directors, although the regions had been in existence since 1937. The major purpose of this memo was probably to announce the "final" regional alignment, including the change mentioned in the next entry.

Glacier was moved from Region IV to Region II. Region III included all of Utah.

1955 (July)

Region I was subdivided to create Region V:

Region I Richmond, VA

Included AL, AR, FL, GA, KY IA MS, NC, SC, TN, VA (except Geogre Washington parkway, Lee Mansion, Prince William), WV

Region II Omaha, NE

Included CO (except Mesa Verde, Great Sand Dunes, Colorado NM, Black Canyon of the Gunnison, Hovenweep, Yucca House), IA, KS, MN, MO, MT, NE, ND, SD, WY, UT (only Dinosaur).

Region III Santa Fe, NM

Included AZ, NM, OK, TX, UT (except Dinosaur), CO (only Mesa Verde, Black Canyon of the Gunnison, Colorado NM, Hovenweep, Yucca House, Great Sand Dunes), NV (only Lake Mead).

Region IV San Francisco, CA

Included CA, ID, NV (except Lake Mead), OR, WA, AK, HI.

Region V Philadelphia, PA

Included CT, DE, IL, IN, ME, MD (except Suitland Parkway, Baltimore/Washington Parkway, Catoctin), MA, MI, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, VT, WI.

1957

National Capital Parks achieved regional status, but not the title.

1961

National Capital Parks was made Region VI, 12/4/61.(From 1962 to 1969 it remained a Region. In 1970 it lost its regional status. From 1971 to the present, it has been a Region).

1962

Numerical designations were dropped in favor of geographical ones:

Region I became Southeast Region

Region II became Midwest Region

Region III became Southwest Region

Region IV became Western Region

Region V became Northeast Region

Region VI became National Capital Region

1968

In December, the Northwest District was created as a semi-autonomous unit of the Western Region.

1969

National Capital Region became National Capital Parks (12/5/69)

1970

The Northwest District of the Western Region became the Pacific Northwest Regions

Included AK, ID, WA, OR, CA (only Lava Beds).

1971

In November, in response to the Administration's call for common regional boundaries, the NPS regions were realigned:

Southeast, Atlanta, GA (moved there from Richmond 1/9/72)

AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN, PR, VI, Cumberland Gap, Blue Ridge Pkwy.

Midwest, Omaha, NE

CO, UT, AZ (only Glen Canyon and Pipe Springs), IA, KS, MO, MT, NE, ND, SD, WY

Southwest, Santa Fe, NM

NM, OK, TX, AR, LA

Western, San Francisco, CA

CA (except Lava Beds), NV, AZ (except Glen Canyon and Pipe Springs), HI.

Northeast, Philadelphia, PA

MN, WI, MI, IL, IN, OH, ME, NH, VT, MA, CT, RI, NY,

NJ, WV (except Harpers Ferry NHP), MD(except Suitland Parkway, Baltimore/Washington Parkway, George Washington Memorial Parkway, C & O Canal, Antietam, Harpers Ferry NHP, Catoctin, Fort Washington, Piscataway), PA, VA (except George Washington Memorial Parkway, Arlington House, Prince William, Blue Ridge Parkway, Cumberland Gap)

Pacific Northwest, Seattle, WA

AK, ID, OR, WA, CA (only Lava Beds)

National Capital Parks, DC

DC and areas excluded from MD and VA (except Blue Ridge Parkway and Cumberland Gap which were included in Southeast), (Harpers Ferry NHP administered by Harpers Ferry Center from 3/16/70 to 3/16/74).

1973

In December, as part of a Servicewide reorganization, two new regions were created: Rocky Mountain out of the Midwest Region and North Atlantic out of the Northeast Region which had its name changed to Mid-Atlantic. Regional boundaries were realigned:

Southeast, Atlanta, GA

KY, TN, NC, SC, GA, MS, AL, FL, PR, VI, Blue Ridge Parkway and Cumberland Gap NM.

Midwest, Omaha, NE

NE, KS, IA, MO, MN, WI, MI, IL, IN, OH.

Southwest, Santa Fe, NM

NM, OK, TX, AR, LA

In 1974 added AZ (only Navajo, Canyon De Chelly, Wupatki, Sunset Crater and Hubbell Trading Post).

Western, San Francisco, CA

CA (except Lava Beds), NV, HI, AZ (except Navajo, Canyon De Chelly, Wupatki, Sunset Crater, and Hubbell Trading Post (1974))

Mid-Atlantic, Philadelphia, PA

PA, WV (except Harpers Ferry), DE, VA (except Manassas, Wolf Trap, Prince William Forest), MD (except C & O Canal, Catoctin, Antietam, Baltimore/Washington Parkway, Fort Washington, Greenbelt, Suitland Parkway, George Washington Memorial Parkway).

National Capital Parks, DC

DC and parks listed above as excluded from MD, WV and VA.

Pacific Northwest, Seattle, WA

AK, WA, ID, OR, CA (only Lava Beds)

Rocky Mountain, Denver, CO

MT, WY, CO, ND, SD, UT, AZ (only Pipe Springs and Glen Canyon)

North Atlantic, Boston, MA

MA, VT, NH, ME, NY, NJ (except Delaware Water Gap NRA), CT, RI

1976

National Capital Parks became National Capital Region 10/21/76.

1978

Lava Beds moved to Western Region.

1979

Alaska Area Office mad a part of the Field Directorate.

1980

Alaska Region created 12/3/80

1995

Effective 5/31/95, National Park Service restructuring brought about major changes. Regions were combined and renamed Field Areas and 16 System Support Offices were set up:

Southeast became Southeast Field Area with the following System Support Offices (SSO):

Appalachian SSO

Atlantic Coast SSO

Gulf Coast SSO

North Atlantic and Mid-Atlantic were combined into a new Northeast Field Area with the following SSOs:

New England SSO (the old Boston office)

Allegheny SSO

Chesapeake SSO

Alaska became Alaska Field Area with the Alaska SSO

Western and Pacific Northwest were combined into a new Pacific West Field Area with the following SSOs:

Columbia Cascades SSO (the old Seattle office)

Pacific Great Basin SSO

Pacific Islands SSO

Southwest and Rocky Mountain were combined into a new Intermountain Field Area with the following SSOs:

Colorado Plateau SSO

Southwest SSO (the old Santa Fe office)

Rocky Mountain SSO

Midwest became Midwest Field Area with the following SSOs:

Great Lakes SSO

Great Plains SSO

National Capital became National Capital Field Area with a National Capital SSO

1996

Atlantic Coast SSO became Atlantic SSO

Columbia Cascade SSO became Columbia Cascades SSO

Pacific Great/Basin SSO became Pacific Great Basin SSO

1997

The designation "Field Area" was changed back to "Region" and System Support Offices were retitled "Support Office."

In the Midwest Region, the Great Lakes and Great Plains SSOs were combined into the Midwest SO

In the Northeast Region, the Allegheny, Chesapeake and New England SSOs were restructured into the Boston and Philadelphia SOs

In the Southeast Region, the Appalachian, Atlantic and Gulf Coast SSOs were combined into the Southeast SO

1998

In the Intermountain Region, the Colorado Plateau, Southwest and Rocky Mountain SOs were restructured into the Denver and Santa Fe SOs


Compiled by David Nathanson September 24, 1998
Revised October 27, 1998