RANGER ACTIVITIES

National Park Service History Collection RG 39

Container List

A. Provenance

This material came from many sources including the WASO Division of Ranger Activities, other WASO divisions, regional offices, parks, and a few individuals. Much of it was generated by WASO along with material from some individual parks, the Forest Service, private concerns, contractors, and various periodicals. Much of this material is secondary – published articles and handbooks. The U.S. Forest Service material is included because it was USFS material that rangers in the field used almost exclusively for many years for references on fire fighting, fire lookouts, forestry, etc.

B. History

Ranger activities were first carried out in Yellowstone National Park. Gamekeeper Harry Yount is credited with being the first ranger, 1880-81. The enforcement problems at Yellowstone were such that the Army took over and patrolled the park from 1886-1918 at he request of the Secretary of the Interior. The California parks were also protected by the Army from their creation in 1890, but here forest rangers were used to supplement the Army. These forest rangers became park rangers in 1905, when the forest reserves were reorganized, and the forest rangers could no longer patrol adjacent areas. The same reorganization led to rangers at Mount Rainier and Wind Cave. The superintendent handled protection duties at Crater Lake until appropriations increased enough to appoint a park ranger. Platt National Park used patrolmen and the Bureau of Indian Affairs helped at Mesa Verde. Forest rangers manned stations at Glacier until the national park was authorized in 1910 at which time park rangers took over. By the time Rocky Mountain National Park was established, a ranger service had been organized and park rangers were authorized at ROMO.

In 1915, Regulations Governing Rangers in the National Parks was issued by General Superintendent Mark Daniels. The Department set up a separate Park Ranger Service with the aim of increasing uniformity among the parks. This goal was met by Stephen T. Mather and the 1916 establishment of the National Park Service. Two years later National Park rangers were able to take over all protection duties and release the soldiers for World War I. The rangers not only patrolled all natural National Parks including Yellowstone but also covered national monuments and even historic areas. Mather tried to build up the new ranger service and stressed educational qualifications along with the traditional outdoor ones.

After regionalization in 1937, each region and the Washington Office (WASO)had someone in charge of rangers although the title of the position and the name of the office has varied greatly over the years. In 1959, it was called Division of Ranger Activities. In the early days, the ranger did it all: wildlife control, trail building, telephone line repair, answering visitor questions, protecting ruins and buildings, giving directions, building trails and fences, public relations, maintaining and building museum collections, giving talks, some administration, filling out reports, law enforcement, and forestry. As forest fire fighting, maintenance, interpretation, and administrative divisions developed, the scope of the ranger's job narrowed. Since the early 1970's there has been increased emphasis on law enforcement; both seasonal and permanent rangers must have 200 hours of police training.

Seasonal rangers, chiefly college students and schoolteachers, have been prominent since the early 1900's. National Park Service rangers are currently classified in the Civil Service 025 Park Management Series. Both law enforcement and interpretative rangers are covered by this series. From 1968 to 1986 there was an 026 Park Technician Series to handle lower graded, non-professional jobs. After much controversy, the Office of Personnel Management in January 1986, restored the 025 rank to all above OS-4. Since 1977, there has been a professional Association of National Park Rangers to address grades and other concerns.

Summary

There are 6 1/2 boxes of material under this category which has been divided into three series and two classification numbers. Series I - Protection, and Series II - Safety have been given the number Y50 while Series III - Firefighting is numbered Y14. It has been furthered subdivided into two parts: (a) U.S.F.S. Fire Control (as used by U.S.N.P.S.) and (b) U.S.N.P.S. Fire Management.

Notes

The last section of this inventory is a listing of ranger manuals. Much of the material in the History section, above, was taken from the unpublished book To Preserve and protect by John Henneberger which is in the book portion of the collection. The editions of "Oh, Ranger!" by Horace M. Albright and Frank J. Taylor, give some of the "flavor" of rangering. They, along with The National Park Service and later books by William C. Everhart, are also contained in the book portion of the collection and should be of interest. Within that portion, some of the travel and guidebooks mention the ranger and his/her activities as do those listed in the NPS History Preliminary Inventory.

Published biographies of Directors, especially Mather and Albright, along with those of Park Service personnel, Lon Garrison in particular, also shed light on rangers and their activities.

A box of ranger activities photos has been transferred to the NPS Historic Photo Collection Most of the portraits in the collection are of rangers and/or former rangers, some in uniform. These uniforms themselves make up a large portion of the museum collection along with badges. As mentioned in the preliminary inventory for the paper material regarding uniforms and insignia, catalog numbers HFCA 2-51, 118-203, 240-351, 346-351, 361-364, 377-386, 388-391, 450-452, and 568 should be consulted. The aforementioned inventory should be of interest also.

The other preliminary Inventory mentioned, that for NPS History, would likewise be of interest. Although not yet inventoried, the Training Material P86 has much of interest regarding rangers and ranger activities. Inventories covering former ranger activities especially interpretation and museum could be consulted. Other activities represented by papers in the collection but not yet inventoried would include Wildlife - N16, Administration – A including Public Relations - A38, and Maintenance - D22 and D30 (roads and trails). Personnel - P64, Employment - P72, Women - P41 and the preliminary inventory for Conferences - A40 might also contain applicable information. Papers in the biography section as well as the separate oral history collection would concern rangers, former rangers, and ranger activities.

The periodicals, especially the Courier and predecessors, contain much on ranger activities (and rangers). The HFC Library receives the periodical Ranger put out by the Association of National Park Rangers. Museum catalog numbers HFCA 594-600 were donated by the ANPR and should be consulted along with those already mentioned. Some of these items can be seen in the films, especially the Albright videos (RG 25).

E. Folder List

Series I - Protection

Visitor Protection and Law Enforcement

"The Cop Image," Eldon G. Bowman, 1981

"Search and Rescue," Courier, June 1979

"Understanding and Controlling Vandalism and Other Rule Violations in Urban Recreation Areas," Harriet H. Christensen and Roger N. Clark originally presented to Natural Urban Forestry Conference, November 13-16, 1978, Washington, D. C.

Memo - Summary Remarks Law Enforcement, Visitor Protection, Safety, Uniforms, Superintendents' Conference, Rocky Mountain National Park, October 26, 1977

"Through the Years with the Ranger," excerpt from National Park and Conservation magazine, 1977

Law Enforcement Task Report, March 15, 1977 (Chapman Report)

Memo to All Law Enforcement in NPS, August 13, 1976

Law Enforcement Guideline, October 1975

Briefing Statement - NPS Law Enforcement Situation Role of U. S. Park Police, c1975

U. S. Park Police Field Assignment, Minute Man National Historical Park, Concord, Massachusetts, April 18-19, 1975

The U. S. Park Police, 1975

Memo - Funding for U. S. Park Police, January 10, 1974

"The Park That Caught Urban Blight," Edward Abbey, Life, September 3, 1971 (photocopy)

"National Parks: A Report on the Range War at the Generation Gap," Robert A. Jones, New York Times, July 25, 1971 (photocopy)

"Hassles in the Park," Jack Hope

Park Ranger: A Book to Color, Keith Hoofnagle, c1971

Activity Standards for Law Enforcement, August 5, 1971

Scuba Guidelines, April 30, 1969

FOST - Park Ranger and Management Series revision, January 18, 1968, Stephen T. Mather Training Center

Summary of Annual Mountaineering Reports from Areas Administered by the National Park Service 1966

Federal Register, Yol. 31, No. 251, Thursday, December 29, 1966, revision and recodification Title 36 Chapter 1, NPS

Memo to All Field Offices re Public Assemblies and Demonstrations, June 7, 1965

Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook, FBI, February 1965

"Training of National Park Rangers," Frank F. Kowski, reprint FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, October 1964

Memo - Early and Late Patrols, Great Smoky Mountains National Park, November 21, 1963

Summary of Annual Mountaineering Report from Areas Administered by the National Park Service, 1117E

Recommended Preparation for the Position of Park Ranger, WASO, September 1961

"Through the Years With the Ranger," John W. Henneberger, National Parks Magazine, January 1961, Vol. 35, No. 160

Yellowstone Boating Regulations, 1960, 25 FR 13970, December 30

Memo to All Field Offices re Park Ranger Study, November 2, 1960

"Mission 66," Conrad L. Wirth, Westways, April 1960, with several park articles

NPS Mountain Climbing Policy and Guidelines, November 4, 1959

NPS Law Enforcement Guidelines, August 31, 1959

Guide for NPS Radio Stations, Region Two, April 1959

Master Position Description for Park Rangers, GS-453-5, March 28, 1958

Folder - 1957 Authority, Division of Ranger Activities contains WASO memo August 21, 1957, Setting up Division of Ranger Activities

Book - Park Ranger: The Work, Thrills and Equipment of the National Park Rangers by C. B. Colby, Coward-McLann, Inc., New York, c1955

Communication Facilities in the Parks, June 1954

Amendment No. 20 to Part 1, General Rules and Regulations, Vol. 20, July 25, 1953

NPS Administrative Manual, Vol. 20, Amendment No. 18, April 23, 1953, Rules and Regulations

Amendment No. 15 to Part 1, General Rules and Regulations, June 19, 1956

Amendment to Part 1, General Rules and Regulations,February 5, 1952

Amendment No. 3, General Rules and Regulations, November 1949

The Investigation of Traffic Accidents, 1949

Report on the Park Ranger Field Kit for Shenandoah National Park with photo illustration, October 28, 1947

Ranger Management Handbook, Harold M. Rattcliff, Region Three Office, 1944

"Instructions for Preparing and Submitting Form 16-400" (Revised April 1941), January 1, 1942, re fires

"Cooperation Between Naturalists and the Park Rangers", Perry Brown, Naturalists' Conference, Grand Canyon National Park, November 13-17, 1946

"Cooperation Between Naturalists and Fire Protection Personnel", Viljow Saari, Naturalists' Conference, Grand Canyon National Park, November 13-17, 1940

Fingerprints pamphlet, FBI, GPO, Washington, 1937

Photographs - Frances Pierce, Ranger Brooks and Slim Ellis; and Ranger Brooks, 1924

Letter of Reply to Seasonal Applicant, Yellowstone, 1926

Unmarked folder contains:

Article clipping - "Boot Camp and College All At Once," Men of Action, Fall 1966

Letter of reply to Seasonal, Yellowstone, 1926

Search and Rescue Operations, 1977

NPS Law Enforcement Statistics Compiled, March 14, 1978

25 Park Areas with Greatest Number of Part I, Offenses Known, 1977

Urban Crime Statistics, 1976

Albright Training Center Information Sheet on Jurisdiction P&UP 48

Article clipping - "The Surprise of the Camp Out," re female ranger, Catoctin, Malcolm Allen, Sunday Magazine, The Sun, Baltimore Maryland, August 28, 1966

Article clipping - "Park Ranger: Nursemaid, Policeman, Gardener," Arnold Smith, Federal Times, August 6, 1969

Article clipping - "A Kiosk Girl is Quick with the Answers," Nancy Weiss, The Washington Post, Sunday, July 17, 1966

Article clipping - "Log of a Lookout," Westways, April 1960

Article reprint - "Ranger Heroes: The Dignity of Labor,' The American Weekly, March 2, 1947

"Statement of Policy on Motor Boats on Lake Within National Parks and Monuments", National Park Association, 1963 and 1961

Article reprint - "Guides to America," Don Warton, Travel, August 1957

Rules and Regulations for Military Parks, War Department, June 1, 1933

Series II - Safety

Box A

HFC Memo, March 28, 1985 - Vehicle Safety re Use of Seat Belts

Interpretation of Natural Resource Management, Cultural Resources Management, and Visitor Safety in the National Park System, Richard Cunningham, Western Region, May 1984

Memo to All, January 1982 - Employee Accident/Injury Statistics, FY 1981 and Visitor Facilities Statistics, Calendar Year 1981

HFC Memo, October 15, 1980 - Safety Training

Folder - Clipping File, Safety, 1973-1977

"That Important P. S. - Park Safety," Duncan Morrow, The Environmental Journal, June 1976

WASO Memo to All Supervisors, March 15, 1976 - Employee Job-Related Traumatic Injury

Andy goes to the Parks, Park Safety Comic Book, c1975

Yellowstone Memo to All, June 6, 1974 - Safety Program, 1974

Notes and Handouts - OSHA re Safety Management, Fall 1973

USDI, NPS News Release - August 7, 1973, "Walker Scores Rising Accident Toll in National Park System"

Photocopy pamphlet - Safety Management Guidelines Requirements and Responsibilities, NPS, July 1973

USDI, NPS News Release, June 17, 1973 – "National Park Leaflet Offers 12 Safety Rules to Visitors"

Leaflet – "Danger in the National Park System", May 1973 routing

The Secretary's Annual Safety Report to Department Managers, CY 1972 - Accident Cause, Cost and Related Data, USDI, May 1973

1972 Annual Safety Report, NPS, USDI

Roster, Course Material, Notes - Safety for Line Managers, October 2-6, 1972, Albright Training Center

Syllabus - National Park Service Safety Program Planning Workshop, Marriott Inn, Washington, D. C., February 14-18, 1972

Guidelines to Safe and Carefree Camping, Dodge-Chrysler Motor Corporation, January 1972

Accident/Incident Code Dictionary - Division of Safety Management, USDI Assistant Secretary's Office, revised, January 1972

USDI, NPS, 1971 Annual Safety Report

Family Safety - "The Parks, the People and the Problem" Marcy Kemo, Spring 1971

Spring Safety, Midwest Region, 1971

Midwest Region Safety Committee Meeting Minutes, 1971

Federal Register, Vol. 36, No. 10, January 15, 1971 – USFS Health and Safety Code

1970 Summary Reports - Law Enforcement and Traffic Safety, NPS

USDI, NPS 1970 Annual Safety Report

News clippings – "Misfire Football Game Cannon", November 1, 1970

A Staff Study of the Law Enforcement and Public Safety Resources in the NPS by Field Operations Division, International Association of Chiefs of Police

Material for Director's interview with Ann McFeathers, Washington Daily News on Park Safety, September 1970

"Missing Girl's Body Found in Anza-Barrego Desert State Park," News and Views, February 1970

Box B

USDI, NPS News Release, April 13, 1969, Search and Rescue - A Dangerous Operation in Our National Parks

USDI, NPS News Release, December 3, 1968, National Parks Visitors Invited to "Take it Easy"

USDI, NPS Annual Safety Report, 1968

USDI, NPS Annual Safety Report, 1967

Report of Management's Safety Planning Conference, Chicago, October 20-23, 1967

Spotlight on Safety, NPS, Fall 1967

Great Smoky Mountains National Park Memo to All, May 26, 1967, Motor Vehicle Laws, North Carolina and Tennessee

Annual Safety Report, 1966

Remarks - Howard Baker, Associate Director, NPS, USDI at Annual Meeting of the National Safety Congress, Chicago, Illinois, October 24, 1966

Memo to All, July 7, 1966, Digest of 1964-65 Reports of Special Assistants (Safety)

USDI, NPS News Release, May 1, 1966, "Secretary Udall Predicts Record-Breaking Use of Interior Recreation Spots: Urges Increased Attention to Safety by Vacationing Public"

20 Year Public Accident Fatality Experience for Public Safety Program Development, 1946-1965

The Road to Safety, US Mission Safety-70, USDI, NPS, Annual Report, 1965

Memo to All, December 30, 1965, Summary Reports – Law Enforcement and Traffic Safety, 1964 CY

Safety Management and Supervisory Safety Training Course by Earle S. Hannaford, Ph.D., Mather Training Center, November 28-December 4, 1965

Report of Sixth Safety Planning Committee Meeting, October 22-26, 1965

Report to the President by the Secretary of Labor, Mission Safety-70, September 1965

USDI, NPS News Release, August 12, 1965, NPS Provides Safety Hints for Millions of Visitors to National Park Areas

How to Help the Injured Employee: A Handbook for Supervisors, USDI, revised July 1963

Memo - November 14, 1964, "First Aid Treatment for Visitor Injuries"

USDI, NPS Safety in the 60's Basic Program Plans (1964)

Warning Sheet Poster re "Never Park a Vehicle Without Setting the Brakes", 1963(?)

USDI, NPS News Release, May 5, 1963, "NPS Warns Visitors on Dangers of Wild Animals"

Methods Handbook Series, M-17 revised, Use and Care of Revolvers, Post Office Department, May 1, 1963

Speech given at NPS Safety Planning Committee and National Safety Congress by Kasmir Kay, c1962-63

Report of Fifth Safety Planning Committee Meeting, October 25-30, 1962

Information Service to Prevent Accidents (early 1960's)

Folder - Suggestions and Incentive Awards, Colonial Icy Bridge Signs, February 1961

Summary of Bear Management Activities, 1960-1961

Memo - Water Safety and Rescue Seminar Report, November 15, 1960

Folder with photos, Andy Capp Safety Comic Book, Warning Sheets, etc.

Snow Avalanches Handbook of Forecasting and Control Measures, Agriculture Handbook No. 194, January 1961, Forest Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture

Summary of Annual Mountaineering Reports, 1959

"Aids to Safe Visiting in National Park Areas", Roger R. Miller, June 18, 1957

Public Health Service Administrative Guide Covering NPS Activities, 1956

Report of Region One Safety Committee, August and September 1953

U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Lightning Protection Handbook, 1952

U. S. Department of Agriculture Safety Rules, 1940

Memo for All, March 3, 1939, Safety Precautions Against Snags and Falling Trees

Photo - Sign Warning of Wild Animals

Photos - Nurses, Employees, Visitors, First Aid(?)

Box 3 (Half box Contents by size)

Yogi Bear - Yellowstone Park Bears are Dangerous, warning leaflet

Back Country Safety for Hunters, Washington State Game Department

How to Cruise in Safety, U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary, 1962

Merry Christmas with Safety

Survival Brochure - Mountain Rescue, Tacoma Unit

Fatigue - Exhaustion, Mountain Rescue Association, Tacoma Unit

Yellow leaflet - NPS, About Bears

High Country Safety, Spring and Summer Mountain Rescue Council Washington State Safety Council

In Grizzly Country, NPS, c1968

Leaflet – "I Hate Man-of-War", Metro, Dade County Park and Recreation Department, Miami, used in 1968

Yellow leaflet - Beware - re Grizzlys, NPS, 1974

Red leaflet – "Danger", NPS, 1971

Red leaflet – "Danger in the National Park System", NPS, 1973

Four Lines of Defense Against Hypothermia, Safeco Insurance Companies, June 1973

Pamphlet - You Bet Your Life: The Travelers 1966 Book of Street and Highway Accident Data

Safety for Tree Workers, Tree Preservation Bulletin No. 2, Revised 1956

Booklet - Mountain Search and Rescue Operations, 3rd printing,1960, Grand Teton Natural History Association

Safety Management Guidelines, Requirements and Responsibilities, NPS, USDI, July 1975, Form 10-812

Motor Vehicle Regulations and Safe Driving Practices, USDI,1956, 1958

Back Country "Know-How" from Ranger Jim, Yosemite Natural History Association

NPS Safety Afloat Stickers

"Is the Water Safe", Interim Guidelines, NPS re Giardia

The Know Fall Family at Rocky Mountain National Park

For a Safe Future Safety Now, First Aid Guide for USDA Employees, USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 227, revised September 1963

USDA, Forest Service, Safety Rules, 1940

Pocket Reference Manual for Safety Management and Supervision in the NPS, Earle S. Hannaford, Ph.D.

Prevention and Control of Fire Losses: A Handbook, USDI, NPS,1943, Frank L. Ahers

Emergency Conservation Work Safety Regulations, 1935

The Treatment of Venomous Bites and Stings, Herbert L. Stahake, Poisonous Animals Research Lab., Arizona State, c1958

Your 1974 Safety Calendar, NPS and National Safety Council

Boating Regulations in the NPS, 1967

What You Should Know About Chiggers, Fleas, Ticks

Accidents in American Mountaineering, 8th Annual Report of the Safety Committee of the American Alpine Club, 1955

Accidents in North American Mountaineering, 9th Annual Report of the Safety Committee of the American Alpine Club, 1968

Accidents in American Mountaineering, 10th Annual Report of the Safety Committee of the American Alpine Club, 1957

Accidents in American Mountaineering, 12th Annual Report of the Safety Committee of the American Alpine Club, 1959

Accidents in North American Mountaineering including Canada, and the U. S., 21st Annual Report of the Safety Committee of the American Alpine Club, 1968

NPS Bear Problem reprint, March 1938, Planning and Civil Comment

"Conenuse Bug Observation for 1954 from Southwest National Monuments" Bulletin, Southern California Academy of Science, Vol. 54, Part 1, 1954

Additional Bug Annoyance and Trypanosoma cruzi in Southwestern National Monuments, Sherwin F. Wood, Bulletin, Southern California Academy of Sciences, Vol. 53, Part 1, 1954

Conenuse Bug Annoyance and Trypanosoma cruzi in Southwestern National Monuments, Sherwin F. Wood, Bulletin, Southern California Academy of Sciences, Vol. 2, Part 2, 1953

Treasury Department, U. S. Coast Guard. Directions for Restoring the Apparently Drowned [for] Saving Drowning by Swimming to Their Relief and for the Treatment of Frostbites as Practiced in the U. S. Coast Guard, 1916

Environmental Health Practice in Recreation Areas, U. S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Public Health Publication No. 195, 1965

"Discipline as a Factor in Safety", Earle S. Hannaford, Ph.D.

"Dangers in NPS Areas"

Boating Policy for National Parks and National Recreation Areas (Draft)

"Crime Prevention in Our National Parks" poster information sheet

"For a Quality Experience in Your National Parks Plan Ahead! Play it Safe!" Pacific Northwest Region, NPS, poster information sheet

Mountain Rescue, Parks Canada, c1971

Series III - Fire Fighting

A. U.S.F.S. Fire Control (as used by U.S.N.P.S.)

When Wisdom Failed, U. S. Forest Service, Portland, Oregon

Your Forests - Your Fault - Your Loss, 1937, USDA, Forest Service, Minnesota Department of Conservation

Think it Over,Regional Forester, U. S. Forest Service, Department of Agriculture, Eastern National Forest Region, Washington, D. C., 1936

Smokey's Record, U. S. National Park Service and U. S. Forest Service, 1968

Fire Control Notes, Forest Service, USDA, Vol. 13, July 1952, No. 3

You and Forest Fires, December 1958, Advertising Council, State Foresters and USDA Forest Service, PA-66

Glossary of Terms Used in Forest Fire Control, Agriculture Handbook No. 104, Forest Service, USDA, August 1956

"An Army Brush Truck for Forest Fire," Charles D. Sutton, Fire Control Notes, Vol. 10, No. 4, October 1949

History of Smoke Jumping, 1939-49, Division of Fire Control, U. S. Forest Service, Washington, D. C.

Some Principles of Visibility and Their Application to Forest Fire Detection, George M. By ram and George M. Jemison, Technical Bulletin No. 954, March 1948

Glossary of Terms Used in Forest Fire Control, USDA, Forest Service, April 1939

Planning, Constructing, and Operating Forest Fire Lookout Systems in California, S. B. Shaw, E. I. Kotok, George M. Gowen, J. R. Curry, and A. A. Brown, USDA, Circular 449, November 1937

Principles of Forest Fire Detection on the National Forests of Northern California, S. B. Shaw, and E. I. Kotok, Technical Bulletin No. 574, August 1937, USDA, Washington, D. C.

"Protection Against Forest Fire" from "A National Plan for American Forestry," Report prepared by Forest Service, USDA in response to S. Resolution 175 (72nd Congress), Senate Document No. 12, Separate No. 21, 1933

Determination of Hour Control for Adequate Fire Protection in the Major Cover Types of the California Pine Region, S. B. Shaw, E. I. Kotok, Technical Bulletin No. 209, August 1930, USDA, Washington, D. C.

Glossary of Terms Used in Fire Control, USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 70, 1930

Forest Fire Prevention Handbook for the Schools of Washington [State], 1929, USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 40, Washington, D. C., December 1938

A Forest Fire Prevention Handbook for the Schools of Oregon, USDA Miscellaneous Publication No. 2U, Washington, D. C., April 1928

USDA, Forest Service, California, "The Uncontrollable Fire," Roy Healley, cl919

USDA, Forest Service Bulletin 113, Issued November 8, 1912, Methods and Apparatus for the Prevention and Control of Forest Fires as Exemplified on the Arkansas National Forest, Daniel W. Adams, 1912

USDA, Forest Service Bulletin 111, Issued September 12, 1912, Lightning in Relation to Forest Fires, Fred G. Plummer, Washington, GPO, 1912

Water vs Fire Fighting Forest Fires with Water, Alva G. Nouns, 1950, U. S. Forest Service, California Region

Forest Fire Fighting Fundamentals, USDA, Forest Service, California State Division of Forestry, Natural Resources Department

Wildfire: A Story of Modern Fire Fighting, USDA, Forest Service, PA 993, October 1972

Forest Fire Detection, Forest Service, USDA, January 1969

Forests Born of Fire, U. S. Forest Service, Northern Region, Missoula, Montana

History of Smoke Jumping, USDA, Forest Service, Northern Region, May 1, 1972

National and State Rural Fire Defense Committee, revised, April 1971, Department of Agriculture, Forest Service

Fire Weather, Agriculture Handbook 360, May 1970

1969 Wildfire Statistics, Forest Service

Winds Over Wildlands: A Guide for Forest Management, Agriculture Handbook 272, November 1964

Introduction to the Fundamentals of Fire Behavior, c1964

Location, Operation, and Maintenance of Fire Danger Stations in Eastern United States, H. E. Adams, February 1960, USDA, Forest Service

Effects of Fire on Forests: A Bibliography Compiled and Annotated in the U. S. Forest Service Library, Washington, D. C., September 15, 1938

Instructions and Specifications for Protection Against Lightning of Lookout Houses, Towers and Other Structures on Exposed Points, USDA, Forest Service, 1932

Fire Handbook, Region Seven, Forest Service, USDA, May 1930

B. National Park Service Fire Management

Fire Management No. 1

Crosby-Fiske-Forster Handbook of Fire Protection, 8th edition, 1935, Robert S. Moulton, General Editor, National Fire Protection Association, Boston, c1936

Wildland Fire Control Training Syllabus, January 1971

Training Program, North East Region, Division of Ranger Services, Hyde Park, New York, April 1-5, 1963, Forest Fire Behavior

Lesson Plans and Related to be Used at Fire Behavior School, 1958

USDI, NPS, Forestry Division, Fire Control Training Lesson Guide Analysis of the Smokechaser Job, March 1951

USDI, NPS, Forestry Division, Fire Control Training Job Analysis and Training Plan for a Fire Scout, March 1951

Building Fire Suppression Lesson Plans, Branch of Forestry, Region Four, NPS

Lesson Plans for Guard Training School, NPS, Fire School, Longmire, Washington, 1943

Fire Protection Training Handbook, Branch of Forestry, Washington, March 1939, USDI, NPS

Report on Fire Control Training Conference (Fire School), Sugarlands Camp National Park-2, Great Smoky Mountains, June 4-6, 1936
 
 
Fire Management No. 2 Photograph - Ranger Fire Tool Kit

Photo - Base Camp Firefighters Pack, Yellowstone, August 1958

Prevention and Control of Fire Losses and A Handbook, USDI, NPS, Frank L. Ahers, WASO, GPO, 1943

Natural Fires in Yellowstone After 1972

You and Forest Fires, revised 1971

The Story of the National Fire Protection Association and List of its Publications, 1931

Marker - Follow Smokey's Rules, 1970

"Fire Management in Yellowstone National Park," Robert E. Sellers and Don G. Despain, reprint Proceeding, Tall Timber Fire Ecology Conference No. 14 and Intermountain Fire Research Council Forest Lands Management Symposium, 1975

Fire in Tall Grass Prairie

"The Ecological Role of Fire in Sierran Conifer Forests, Its Application to National Park Management", Bruce M. Kilgore, March 20, 1973, reprint Journal of Quaternary Research, Vol. 3, No. 3, October 1973.

"The Vanishing Lookout Tower," Pat Decker Kines, Landscape, 1979, Vol. 23, No. 1, photocopy

"Natural Fire in Yellowstone National Park," Don G. Despain and Robert E. Sellers, Western Wildlands, Vol. 4, No. 1, Summer 1977

"Fire Management in Everglades National Park," Larry Bancroft, Fire Management, Winter 1976

The Importance of Fire in Maintaining Native Prairie Vegetation in North Central United States, Max W. Holden, May, 10, 1975

"Fire Management in the National Parks," James K. Agee, Western Wildlands, Vol. 11, No. 3, Summer 1974

The Natural Role of Fire, revised June 1973

"The Ecological Role of Fire in the Jackson Hole Area, Northwestern Wyoming," Lloyd L. Loope and George T. Gruel, Quaternary Research 3, 425-443(1973)

"Restoring Fire to High Elevation Forests in California," Bruce M. Kilgore, George S. Briggs, Journal of Forestry, c1972

American Forests, April 1939, Special Forest Fire Prevention and Protection Issue

Annual Report - Cooperative Forest Fire Prevention, Mel Hardy, March 1973

The True Story of Smokey the Bear, 1959

USDI, NPS News Release, February 18, 1976, "Resource Chiefs Announce Natural Fire Plans for Northwestern Wyoming"

Memo - 1974, Department of the Interior Fire Count

Letter - February 1, 1974, re 1967 Fire Emergency at Glacier

Weekly Report, September 8, 1972, Fire at Yosemite, Fire at Mesa Verde

1971 Qualified Fire Personnel, Midwest Region

Memo - Preparation of Fire Atlases, revised February 28, 1940

Great Smoky Mountains Checklist for Inspection of Fire Lookout Stations

National Fire Danger Rating System Handbook, Forest Service, 1964

NPS-18, Fire Management Guideline, Amendment No. 1, March 1982

Handbook for Fire Lookouts, Division of Ranger Activities, USDI, NPS, 1958

Lookout Manual, undated (40's-50's)

Cab and Miscellaneous Details, 100 Foot Forest Lookout Tower, Timber Engineering Company, July 1933

Pacific Portable Pumping Equipment, Pacific Marine Company, Seattle

Firemen's Training Course, Basic - University of Maryland, undated F. Ranger Manuals

Manual for Park Rangers, Mount Rainier, 1920's

Manual of Instruction for Rangers and Ranger Naturalists, ROMO, c1929

Yosemite Ranger - Naturalist Manual, 1929, 3 Vols. In 1, Vol. I Manual of Instruction Vol. II Manual of Information Vol. III Plan of Administration

Ranger Naturalist Manual of Yellowstone National Park - 1928

Yosemite National Park Ranger Manual - 1953?

Park Ranger's Administrative Manual, Mount Rainier National Park, 1950

Manual for Rangers Administration, Glacier National Park, 1940

Manual for Rangers Reports, Glacier National Park - 1940

Ranger Manual, Grand Canyon National Park - mid-1950's early 1960's

Ranger Manual, Great Smoky Mountains National Park - 1959 & updated

Park Ranger's Administrative Manual - Yellowstone National Park 1959 & update

Ranger Manual - Shenandoah National Park - 1947 & update

Forest Fire Control Handbook and Lookout Manual, Great Smoky Mountains National Park - 1958

Protection Operations Handbook, Blue Ridge Parkway – 1958

Report of the Chief Ranger, 1972 - Don Jackson

WODC Handbook - 1962

Fredericksburg Emergency Manual - 1971

Manual of Procedure, 1958 - Everglades National Park


August 12, 1986
Reformatted 1/26/99