JESSE L. NUSBAUM PAPERS, 1921-1958
National Park Service History Collection RG 5
This inventory covers the papers of Jesse Nusbaum, NPS archeologist. The largest part consists of correspondence, however more of the correspondence is outgoing and the incoming is not necessarily kept with its reply. This correspondence deals with the enforcement of the Antiquities Act, archeological topics, pipeline archeology, park areas especially Mesa Verde National Park, and NPS administrative matters. Most of the correspondence dates from 1946-1958, however copies of and actual correspondence from the 1920's and 1930's are occasionally included. Articles, clippings, periodicals, a few photos, and notes make up the rest of the material. This dates from the 1950's with a few earlier clippings. It is largely due to Nusbaum's efforts that the NPS is so closely tied to Southwest archeology.
These papers were given by Mrs. Jesse L. Nusbaum (Rosemary). They were generated and collected by her husband during his service as NPS archeologist. They reflect his active correspondence with many university archeologists and other Federal officials on an official and occasionally personal level.
Jesse Logan Nusbaum was the archeologist in the Park Service and is closely tied to the study of the ancient civilization of the Southwest. He was born in Greeley, Colorado, September 3, 1887, to Edward Moore and Agnes Strickland (Moodie) Nusbaum. His parents and maternal grandparents were members of the original Greeley colony organized by Horace Greeley. Nusbaum attended local public schools in Greeley as well as the Colorado Teachers College there, receiving his B. Pedagogy in 1907.
After graduation, Nusbaum went to New Mexico State Normal in Las Vegas to teach science and manual arts. That summer he began his connection with Mesa Verde as a photographer and archeological assistant to A. V. Kidder and spent the following summer (1908) in a similar fashion.
In June of 1909, Nusbaum became the first employee of the School of American Archeology and Museum of New Mexico in Santa Fe under Dr. Edgar L. Hewett. While there he conducted archeological surveys, investigations, excavations, and ruins stabilization in Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Colorado, and New Mexico including the Pajarito Plateau. Nusbaum's work at the museum again brought him to Mesa Verde for the excavation, repair, and stabilization of Balcony House, an important major project that extended into the winter of 1910. He spent 9 months in Washington, D. C., September 1911 to June 1912, working on exhibits for the Panama-Pacific Exposition to be held in San Diego, California. While in Washington, Nusbaum took advanced courses at night and continued his advanced studies in Colorado during the summer of 1913. His innovations at Mesa Verde and manual arts background stood him in good stead during this supervision of the restoration of the New Mexico Palace of Governors in Santa Fe which was completed in Fall of 1913. In 1913, Nusbaum also worked 3 months in the Maya ruins of Yucatan with Dr. S. G. Morley. During his many expeditions with the museum, Nusbaum also helped restore the mission church at Pecos. He used some of its design in the work of the state art museum, built in 1916-19 under his supervision.
Jesse L. Nusbaum attempted to become an aviator during World War I but instead became an engineer and served in France. He enlisted in May 1918 and was discharged April 1919. From May 1919 to June 1921, he was employed at the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation in New York City. While Nusbaum was working in New York he took part in several southwest expeditions including those at Hawikuh Pueblo and Basketmaker Cave.
In 1921, while still in New York, he was selected by Stephen Mather and Arno Cammerer to become superintendent at Mesa Verde National Park. Director Mather had become disgusted with the conditions that had developed there under a political superintendent. Although he did have some trouble with Colorado politicians, he was able to become a very effective superintendent, advancing the development of the park. He discontinued grazing, built a museum and developed good interpretive programs, especially ones designed to explain the Antiquities Act. His involvement with the Act led to his designation in 1927 as the lead archeologist and prime enforcer of the Act for the Southwest (while remaining Mesa Verde superintendent).
Nusbaum continued this dual capacity until 1930, when he took a leave of absence to organize and direct the Laboratory of Anthropology at Santa Fe, New Mexico. He continued as director of the laboratory until 1935, having earlier returned to the Park Service and resumed his dual duties as Mesa Verde superintendent and archeologist enforcing the Antiquities Act. Nusbaum continued this dual position for many years. In the late 40's he left Mesa Verde and his dual role for Santa Fe and increased duties as the senior archeologist of the National Park Service. In this capacity, Nusbaum began one of the first salvage archeology projects when he persuaded El Paso Natural Gas Company to allow archeological excavation along their pipelines. For this, and many other accomplishments, Jesse L. Nusbaum received the Distinguished Service Award from the Department of the Interior in 1954. After a year's extension Nusbaum was forced to retire from the National Park Service at the age of 71 in 1957. However, he continued to do consulting work for many years. He died in Santa Fe in December 1975, at the age of 88.
Nusbaum married Aileen Baehrens O'Bryan on September 21, 1920, but was divorced in 1939. She had one son, Deric. Nusbaum subsequently married Rosemary Lewis Rife, a nurse, on December 11, 1947. His civic associations were as follows: Trustee, Laboratory of Anthropology 1923-38; Member, Advisory Board 1927; State Park Commission of New Mexico 1933-36; Council, American Association of Museums 1932-35; Trustee, Indian Arts Fund 1927; Commission, Old Santa Fe Association 1946-75; Management Board, School of American Research, 1947; U.S. International Park and Forest Commission; honorary life member, Museum of New Mexico; Pi Gamma Mu; Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science; and Chairman, Social Sciences, Southwest Division 1932-33 as well as Vice President 1935 of the American Anthropological Association; Society for American Archeology; American Planning and Civic Association; 32 Mason. Nusbaum received an honorary D. Sc. from Colorado State in 1946.
In 1923, he and others wrote down their findings in the book Basketmaker Cave in Kane County, Utah. Nusbaum was listed in Who's Who in America from 1931 until 1960 and was also included in Directory of American Scholars and American Men of Science.
C. Summary Scope and Contents Notes
The Nusbaum Papers consist mostly of correspondence, 1921-1958, with the bulk 1947-1958. Some of the correspondence is annotated and notes, mostly handwritten, are scattered throughout the folders. The papers also include articles, clippings, periodicals, and a few photos. All the papers are arranged in reverse chronological order, i.e. beginning December 1958 and ending with January 1921. The day books, office files of outgoing correspondence, are probably the most significant. However, the day book for 1950, the year pipeline archeology began, is not in the collection. The "Nut File" is quite interesting and is referred to several times in the correspondence. A folder of 1920's correspondence from Stella M. Leviston who donated funds for an entrance gate and for the Mesa Verde Museum is included in the Mesa Verde material. The folder, "Duties of Archeologist-Nusbaum in General Archeological Work" might be most helpful to those unacquainted with NPS procedures.
It is important to note that these papers only cover the later part of Nusbaum's career from 1946-7 to 1958, when he was stationed at the Region 3 Office in Santa Fe as a consulting archeologist. It does not ordinarily cover his career as Mesa Verde superintendent, his earlier archeological work, his architectural work in Santa Fe, his work with the Santa Fe Laboratory of Anthropology, or all his accomplishments prior to the end of World War II. Likewise, Nusbaum's active consulting work after his forced retirement is not ordinarily covered. The Nusbaum Papers therefore give us a glimpse of the height of and the closing of an important archeological career in the NPS while at the same time show the depth and importance of the worked involved.
The 2 record boxes, approximately 2 linear feet (1987), are kept in the inner vault.
The Nusbaum material was received during the period when no accession records were kept. Original contents and dispersal are difficult to determine. The NPS History Collection has a biographical folder on Jesse Nusbaum and the transcript of an oral interview conducted by Herb Evison in December 1962. Material by Jesse Nusbaum can be found in the Southwest Monuments Reports Series.
Series I - Correspondence
Consists of 12 folders of Day Books plus 1 unlabeled expanding folder of personal correspondence, both incoming and outgoing. The expanding folder contains correspondence from 1942-1947, while the Day Books of outgoing correspondence date from 1946-1949 and 1951-1958. The topics cover enforcement of the Antiquities Act, other archeological concerns especially pipeline archeology, employment, travel in the Southwest, and administrative matters. As the Day Books are official, generally over half of the correspondence consists of memos to Chief Clerk Dotson of the Department of the Interior, to the NPS Director, and to Regional Directors and Superintendents. The Day Books were summarized every 4 years, and lists are attached for the correspondents, topics, and approximate percentage for these time periods along with a list for the expanding personal file. They are in Record Box 1.
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1958 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1957 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1956 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1955 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1954 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1953 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1952 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1951 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1949 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1948 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1947 Calendar Year
Nusbaum's Day Book, 1946 Calendar Year
Unlabeled expanding folder
Nusbaum Correspondents - 1955-1958
Agogino, Dr. George Haberland, Fred
Alfred, J. K. Harding, Mabel V.
Alsup, Ed Harrington, M. R.
Amsbury, Clifton Harris, R. W.
Barnard, Helen B. Haury, Dr. Emil W.
Beasley, Otis Haverland, Fred M.
Beeson, William J. Healy, W. C.
Berry, Joan Heaton, Philip L.
Biederman, Kenneth C. Herbert, J. D.
Bliss, Dr. Wesley Hernandez, Lt. A.
Berg, Donald Higgings, Mrs. Mildred
Borgthold, Milton D. Howard, William
Braun, R. A. Hunt, Mrs. Charles B.
Brugge, David Hutchison, Dinah
Bryan, Alan Ingmansen, Earl
Calhoun, J. C. Jennings, Dr. Jesse D.
Campbell, Ron R. Jones, Paul
Cantrell, Jacques Kennedy, Fred H.
Carmichael, Dr. Leonard Kline, Elmer L.
Clark, James M. King, Bobby
Colbert, Dr. Edwin H. King, Peter, Jr.
Corette, J. E. Kizziar, Hood D.
Corridon, John H. Langley, W. P.
Danson, Dr. Ned Larom, David
Davis, Dr. E. Mott Leftwich, Fred C.
Deming, Oscar V. Lister, Dr. Robert H.
DiLuzio, Frank C. Look, Al
Downs, Dr. Theodore Lorton, A. F.
Eidson, Capt. W. M. McNutt, Charles H.
Elsasser, Albert B. Malouf, Dr. CarlingEmmons, Glen Marshall, Don B.
Fairchilds, George W. Marston, Otis
Farmer, Malcolm F. Mohr, Mr. & Mrs. Alfred
Faurette, William C. Morris, Kathleen
Fenenga, Franklin Mueller, W. E.
Floyd, Edwin D. Mulloy, Dr. William
Folett, Archie E. Nelson, L. L.
Forbis, Dr. Richard Olson, Alan P.
Frome, Michael Osbourne, Dr. Douglas
Giddings, Dr. J. L. Osmuvdson, John
Gilbert, Ray Parrish, Alvin
Gooch, Sally Perkins, C. L.
Gordon, Shelby Pierson, Lloyd M.
Graves, William Roberts, David C.
Gregg, H. Raymond Rook, L. W.
Gunneison, James H. Sachs, R. K.
Sayles, Ted Swanson, Dr. Earl H.
Shobe, Paul L. Taylor, Donald M.
Shriver, W. B. Theophilus, Dr. Donald
Shutter, Dick, Jr. , Richard
Sieker, John Tong, Marvin E., Jr.
Simpson, Ruth D. Tuohy, Donald
Smith, Eastburn Van Valkenburgh, Richard
Smith, Dr. Gerald H. Varney, Walter
Spaulding, G. Warren Vidal, S. P.
Stackhouse, Lloyd Warren, Claude N.
Steele, Donald Wasley, W. W.
Stuart, Frank C. Weaver, Elmer
Wilson, Paul H.
Articles Photo I.D.
Baskets Pipeline Archeology
Burials Pot Hunting
Employment River running
Fossils RuinsGeology Salvage archeology
Nut File Violations
Nusbaum Correspondents - 1951-1954
Agogino, George A. Emmons, Glenn
Albright, Horace M. Enger, Walter D.
Amsbury, Clifton Euler, Robert
Anderson, William M. Ezell, Paul
Baily, Avon Fales, Elisha N.
Beaver, William T. Fejos, Dr. Paul
Bibo, Arthur Fister, H. G.
Biggs, Hon. John, Jr. Foster, Don C
Borbolla Dr. Daniel F. Rubin de la Gelvin, Ralph M.
Gerald, Rex E.
Borden, Dr. Charles Gifford, Dr. E. W.
Bordewich, Nancy Glasco, L. M.
Bretz, T. E. Goodrich, W. H.
Brew, Dr. J. O. Graves, C. L.
Brock, Bennett F. Green, Elizabeth
Brock, Mary Elizabeth Grosscup, GordonBurns, J. Robert Halseth, Odd S.
Bursum, Holm Hamblin, Mrs. Mark
Butcher, Devereux Hansen, Gene V.
Calhoun, J. W. Hardman, Tom J.
Calhoun, James C. Harper, Alan G.
Carter, Jeanette Harper, Stanley R.
Chaney, Charley Harrington, M. R.
Chaney, Dr. Ralph W. Harris, R. W.
Chorley, Kenneth Harrison, William K.
Christensen, Ross T. Haury, Dr. Emil W.
Clements, Dr. Thomas Heizer, Dr. Robert F.
Colbert, Dr. Edwin H. Hetherington, Dr. Hugh
Colton, Dr. Harold S. Hewels, Gordon
Cool, J. E. Hill, Dr. W. W.
Cressman, Dr. L. S. Hinebaugh, Gary
Danson, Dr. Edward B. Hinz, Dr. John
Davis, Arthur C. Hodge, Dr. Frederick Webb
Davis, Dr. E. Mott Hoffman, M. L.
DiPeso, Charles C. Hurley, Gerland D.
Ditteret, Ed Hutchinson, W. H.
Dobyns, Henry F. Jelinek, Arthur J.
Doty, Hon. Dale E. Jessings, Dr. Jesse D.
Doughtery, Proctor L. Johnson, Arthur Delafield
Drury, Dr. Newton B. Johnson, Burgess
Early, Roger Neil Johnston, Andrew
Eastlick, Dr. John Judd, Neil M.
Easton, Dr. W. H. Kahler, Herbert E
Eddy, Dr. Jesse Leeds Keels, Carl O.
Edwards, H. E. Kehoe, Thomas F.
Ellis, Dr. John D. Kidder, Dr. A. V.
King, Dale S.
Kreiger, Dr. Alex Randall, J. Parke
Kulak, F. W. Raynor, T. E.
Lampe, Dr. John Rice, Dave
Lindh, C. Otto Rice, Gerrie
Lister, Dr. Robert H. Roberts, Dr. Frank H. H.
Little, Eldon Rodeck, Dr. Hugo
Little, Norman M. Rogers, Dr. Spencer L.
Logn, Boas Rothmeyer, Herman
Long, M. P. Rushmore, Gort
Luckett, Marguerite D. Saint, Irene
Lumb, Gage Sawyer, C. G.
McDonough, J. A. Schulman, Dr. Edmund
McGimsey, Charles Robert Schwartz, Douglas
McKeen, Edwin D. Shields, Dr. Lora Magnum
Magan, Frank Slight, Frederick W.
Marshall, Roy Smith, Eastburn R.
Martin, Paul S. Smith, Shelby B.
Mecham, Hon. Edwin C. Spragge, G. W.
Meighan, Dr. Clement W. Stacher, Mrs. Samuel F.
Melendres, Mrs. L. C. Stephenson, Dr. Robert L.
Miller, Blanche Stricklin, Jack
Miller, Mary W. Teague, Corabeth
Mills, John E. Thompson, Floyd A.
Mock, H. Bryon Tucker, Edward A.
Morrell, Foster Tutt, Mr. and Mrs. Charles
Morrison, Dr. Roger W. Van Valkenburgh, Richard
Nations, H. P. Wallace, Dr. William J.
Newson, Dr. William F. Waters, Frank
Ninahan, Mrs. Victor I. Watson, Don
Olmsted, Frederick Law Watson, Editha
Olson, Alan P. Wauchone, Dr. Robert
Orr, Phil C. Weaver, Elmer
Osenburg, Dr. Frederic C. Wheat, Joe Ben
Packard, Ben White, Dan T.
Parkhurst, Russell Willenburg, Charles R.
Patterson, Bryon Williams, Mrs. C. L.
Peck, Fred R. Williams, Guy C.
Perkins, C. L. Williams, Jack R.
Perry, John E. Wilmeth, Roscoe
Plain, Francis R. Woodbury, Dr. Ricard B.
Plant, Roy Young, Robert W.
Postlewaithe, W. W.
Zingg, Dr. Robert M.
Antiquities Act Monuments
Archeology Mesa Verde
Basketmakers Pipeline Archeology
Blankets Pot Hunting
Friends Salvage Archeology
Lectures Travel Tips
Adams, Mrs. Orval Buchanan, Mary
Albright, Horace M. Buchanan, John Keith
Angelloz, Prince A. Burg, Robert
Apodoca, R. F. Burghard, August
Ariss, Robert M. Burney, Mrs. Arthur W.
Babington, Dr. S. H. Butcher, Devereux
Baden, Wilson Byers, Dr. Douglass
Barton, Esther Camp, A. M.
Bass, W. P. Carhart, Arthur
Bell, D. H. Caso, Dr. Alfonso
Birdseye, Roger Chapman, Kenneth M.
Blinn, Charles E. Chorley, Kenneth
Boathroyd, Grant C. Clawson, Marion
Bolton, Herbert H. Colbert, Dr. Edwin H.
Brayer, Herbert O. Coleman, R. V.
Brew, Dr. J. O. Colter, Mary E. J.
Brown, F. Martin Colton, Dr. Harold S.
Bryan, Dr. Kirk Cooley, Harold E.
Cressman, Dr. L. C.
Crosby, Mrs. Robert K. Hurst, Dr. C. T.
Curtis, Harvey B. Jennings, Dr. Jesse
Daiker, Fred N. Johnson, Jerome A.
DeLatuer, Helen Johnson, William T.
Demaray Judd, Neil M.
Dick, Herbert Kahler, Herbert E.
DiLusio, Frank Kalmbach, Dr. E. R.
Dods, J. P. Kidd, Dr. Kenneth B.
Douglas, Eric Kidder, A. V.
Dugan, Harry Kimball, Yeffe V.
Emert, Dr. Martine Kneale, A. H.
Erskin, Helen Wordon Koch, Walter H.
Evison, Herbert Kramer, John R.
Fairlamb, Charles Kuehne, Richard E.
Farmer, Malcolm Laub, Mrs. William M.
Fenenga, Franklin Lawson, Mrs. Byron K.
Fermi, Dr. Enrico Lee, Ronald F.
Flora, I. B. Lester, Dr. Oliver C.
Foshay Wilbur B. Lieber, Mrs. Richard
French, Harry Lister, Robert
Frost, Melvin Little, Charles V.
German, Dr. Frank E. MacNamara, Charles
Goodwin, Raymond MacSpadden, Floyd E.
Gregg, Clifford C. McConnel, H. N.
Green, T. L. McKinney, Robert
Grimes, Virginia McMechen, Edgar C.
Guilet, Meredith McNeil, Irving
Gunkle, Iris S. Macht, H. Ray
Guthe, Dr. Carl E. Maier, Herbert
Hafen, Dr. LeRoy Manley, Dr. John
Hailman, Dr. H. V. Meilch, Mitchell, Hon.
Halseth, Odd S. Mierow, Dorothy
Hanna, Phil Townsend Miller, Harry E.
Harell, Tomas C. Milmore, H. L.
Harrington, M. R. Mock, H. Bryan
Harrington, John S. Morgan, Mrs. Frank
Haury, Dr. Emil W. Morn, Dr. Mary P.
Heizer, Dr. Robert F. Morris, Earl H.
Hill, Dr. W. W. Mulford, Dr. John W.
Hinkley, Samuel N. Nevills, Norman
Hodge, Dr. F. W. Nininger, Dr. H. H.
Holbrook, Col. Frank O. O'Bryan, Dr. Deric
Holtz, E. J. Olmsted, Frederick Law
Holtz, R. D. Ortega, Dr. J.
Huff, J. Wesley Patraw, P. P.
Peterson, Darling H. Smith, Elmer R.
Pettingil, Olin S., Jr. Smith, Dr. George Albert
Pope, John A. Snelling, Mrs. H. T.
Postlethwaite, Dr. W. Spencer, Don C.
Powdermaker, Hortense Stewart, Kenneth B.
Quimby, George Stone, Clifford S.
Rainey, Dr. Froelich Tansill, Robert W.
Redd, J. Wiley Taylor, Dr. Walter W.
Reed, Charles Tillotson, M. R.
Reinhold, Paul B. Tozer, Chester N.
Reiter, Dr. Paul Trimble, Sankey
Rial, Dr. David W. Van Devanter, D. V.
Roberts, Dr. Frank H. H. Waddell, N. F.
Roehring, David Wallace, Stephen A., Sr.
Rogers, Edmund Warner, Rev. Mark T.
Roran, James E. Watson, Don
Rumburg, Joseph C., Jr. Watson, Editha
Russell, Dr. Carl P. Wattles, Howard
Sampson, Dr. O. H. Welles, Dr. S. P.
Sexton, Roy Lyman White, Amelia E .
Schmitt, Martin Wilder, Charles C.
Schneiler, Phyllis Wisherd, Edwin C.
Schulman, Dr. Edmund Wiss, Henry H.
Schumann, Mrs. Edward Wodel, Waldo
Schultz, C. Bartrand Woodard, M. L.
Scorup, James Woodland, P. V.
Scoyen, Evind T. Worman, Frederick C. V.
Shekerjain, Haig W. Wormington, Marie
Shuler, Evelyn Wright, Barton
Sickman, Lawrence Wyer, Dr. Malcolm
Simms, Mrs. W. L.
American Illustrated Cooperation
Exploring Expedition Donations
Antiquities Act Employment
Articles Field trips
Books Hyde Exploring Expedition
Cave Burials Housing
Literature Pot hunting
Mesa Verde Publications
Meteors Travel tips
Personal Correspondents, Nusbaum - 1942-1947
Albright, Horace M. Denious, Walter
Anderson, Clinton P.
Armitage, Merle Dobbins, Raymond
Bailey, Frederick Dodge, George F.
Bashore, Harry W. Drury, Newton B.
Bauer, John H. Edwards, C. L.
Beise, Charles Elkinton, Howard W.
Block, Mary Louise Emery, Roe
(Mrs. D. E.) Fewksbury, F. H.
Bringham, Zillan Rice Flora, I. F.
Bryan, Kirk Foshay, Wilbur B.
Buchanan, John Gilbert, Walter
Burgh, Robert Gillespie, Dean, Repr.
Burney, Arthur Harrington, M. R.
Cannon, Joseph J. Hatch, Carl A., Hon.
Chapman, K. M. Hayes, Stephen R.
Chorley, Kenneth Haury, Emil
Christianson, Ida O. Heintz, Ralph M.
Cline, Platt Hinkley, Samuel N.
Crane, Warren Holman, Rufus C., Hon.
Cranmer, George Holmes, Burton
Cressman, Dr. L. S. Hommon, Harry B.
Demaray, Arthur Honnald, Dr. William L.
Hoyt, Burnham Olsen, Victor A.
Hurst, C. T. Reed, Charles
Johnson, Edwin C., Hon. Reinhold, Paul R.
Judd, Neil M. Rockefeller, John D., Jr.
Kell, J. E. Rockwell, Robert F., Repr.
Kidder, A. V. Rose, Al
Kneale, A. H. Rump, Charles
Koplowitz, J. E. Scofield, H. I.
Lee, Chester Scott, Dr. Donald
Lieber, Emma (Mrs. Richard) Sexton, Roy Lyman
Lowry, Royal Sharp, C. F. Stewart
Luckman, Charles Sleight, Frederick W.
McLaughlin, John S. Stanton, Rosemary
Mair, Jim Stringham, Emerson
Manley, Dr. John Tamlyn, S.
Maxwell, Gilbert Tilney, Robert
Mead, Dr. A. P. Tozer, Alice (Mrs. Chester)
Mera, H. P. Watson, Don
Miller, Hugh Wetmore, Dr. Alexander
Miller, John A. Wilson, Francis
Miller, L. A. Wirth, Conrad
Milmore, H. L. Wiss, Henry H.
Moyniham, Charles Wissler, Mrs. Clark
Mulford, Dr. John W. Wolff, Dr. Harold Arnold
Mulford, W. W. Wood, Grace Ford
Morris, Earl H.
Morse, Stanley Woodward, M. L.
Zimmerman, Dr. J. F.
Series II - Individuals
Consists of six folders of correspondence about or with specific individuals plus four folders of grouped correspondence with individuals, chronological and alphabetical, three of which are listed by initial. Clippings, notes, and periodicals are included with the correspondence. Items date from the 1920's to the 1960's. The topics are archeology, finances, and personal. Important folders are that for Congressman Cramton which concerns his death and those for John D. Rockefeller, Jr., which concern his financial help for the NPS and for the Santa Fe Laboratory of Anthropology. They are in Record Box 2.
J. D. Rockefeller, Jr.
Data for Freeman Tilden on Mr. J. D. R., Jr.
Cramton, Louis, Congressman
General Directors Colton, Dentzel, and Danson
General Correspondence with Emil Haury
Jean Pinkley - Pecos Monument
Park Service - People, etc.
"S" to "T"
"W" to Z"
Series III - Congressional Committee
Congressional Committee consists of one folder which has two parts. The first part is a March 1955 list of the Senate and House Public Works Committees. The second part and majority of the folder consists of an itinerary and correspondence with Director Albright and others about the 1931 Southwest trip of the Subcommittee of the House Appropriations for the Interior Department. The folder is in Record Box 2. [Note: cf H. M. Albright Film Collection for possible films of this 1931 trip.]
Series IV - "Nut File"
The "Nut File" consists of one file labeled "Nut File" plus six folders labeled
"740-17 Nut File" and then the individual name. Nusbaum refers to his "Nut File"
several times in the correspondence. This "Nut File" includes correspondence,
periodicals, and clippings from and about unusual people or crackpot theories
or events. The "Nut File" also includes some of Nusbaum's replies and letters
to other anthropologists as well as the material from and about the "nuts."
The one inch thick "Nut File" includes items dating from 1941 to 1956 while
the individual files date from 1938 to 1949. The file is in Record Box 2.
Amazing Explorations, Inc.
Harry E. (Two-Gun) Miller Matter
Mummifying Zone in New Mexico
Frank A. Baker, South Dakota Black Hills, 1939
Old Prospector and his "Magic Wands," 1938
Series V - Antiquities Act Work
Consists of five folders of correspondence, clippings, and notes. Items from 1931 and 3, 1947 and 9, and 1955-9 are included but most cover the last few years of Nusbaum's active NPS work as Antiquities Act enforcer. The Antiquities Act work was the chief part of Nusbaum's duties at the end of his active NPS career. The material is in Record Box 2.
Antiquities Act Violations - Chaco - D. Campbell
Antiquities Act - Paleoanthropologists
Kay McGrew - Soc. Vert. Paleo. - Antiquities Act Case
Director's NPS Permits
Permits - Paleontologists, etc.
Series VI - General Archeological Work
Covers the general duties of Nusbaum as an NPS archeologist and specific duties
other than Antiquities Act enforcement - conferences, consultation, inspection,
investigation, and work on ruins. This series consists of seven folders with
articles, correspondence, newsletters, notes, photos, and summaries dating from
the 1920's to the 1950's but the bulk covering the late 1950's. The most important
would be the first two folders listing Nusbaum's archeological duties. They
are in Record Box 2.
201 - 13.1 Duties of Archeologist Nusbaum
JLN's Appointment, Duties, etc. - Personnel Data
Archeological Conferences and Paleontological Conferences
Inspection - Teecw Nas Pas - Carrisco Mountains
Investigation and Planning - Mancos Canyon Project
30.2 - 02 Ruin Repair and Stabilization, Surveys
Series VII - Mesa Verde
Consists of eight folders relating to Mesa Verde National Park. It contains articles, clippings, correspondence, notes, and a few photos with material dating from 1921 to 1959. Although the material includes items from Nusbaum's superintendency, especially in the 1920's and 1930's, most was compiled later. Except for that dealing with Stella M. Leviston, the folder headings are those given by Nusbaum. Stella M. Leviston gave the funds for an entrance gate as well as for the Mesa Verde Museum and was one of the first donors to the park during Nusbaum's superintendency. The Leviston folder consists of both incoming and outgoing correspondence from 1921 to 1924. It was kept here rather than placed with the individual folders because of its original heading. The files are in Record Box 2.
Stella M. Leviston
Ute Indian Land Deals, Mesa Verde
Roads - Mesa Verde, Soda Canyon, Watson
Porcupines at Mesa Verde - Related
Some Early Mesa Verde
Mesa Verde - Related Material
Early Mesa Verde
Series VIII - Areas
Consists of three folders of clippings and correspondence dating from 1928
to 1949. They concern two proposed areas and the boundary adjustment for an
existing site. They are in Record Box 2.
Cliff Cities National Park (Proposed)
Natural Bridges National Monument
New Escalante National Monument (Proposed)
Series IX - Articles and History
Consists of five folders and a long envelope containing clippings of a magazine
article. The material includes addresses, articles, clippings, correspondence,
data, and statements dating from 1930 to 1958. The topics covered are the Antiquities
Act, its enforcement, archeology in general, and pipeline archeology. This material
is in Record Box 2.
Antiquities Act of 1906, Draft Proposed In-Service Training Publication
Archeology, Consultation, General Supervision - Address, Statement, etc.
Data for Southwest News - American Antiquity Society V. Paleo. - '58 Fossils on Pub. Som.
Miscellaneous Data - for Future Articles, Stories
"Pipeline Archeology," Life, Vol. 29, No. 29, November 13, 1950
Series X - Personal
Consists of seven folders either marked "Personal" by Nusbaum or concerning
other personal matters like travel and compliments. The material includes clippings,
correspondence, and notes dating from 1931 to 1958. It completes Record Box
Cammerer - Park Service
Director Drury - Personal
Travel Expenses Data Settled
202 - Bouquets (General)
Earliest Mesa Verde and Lab - Personal
Lab of Anthropology
201-06 - Superintendent Personal (Nusbaum)
Cliff Cities National Park (Proposed)
Leviston, Stella N.
Mesa Verde National Park
Natural Bridges National Monument
New Escalante National Monument (Proposed)
Nusbaum, Jesse Logan
Rockefeller, John D., Jr.
Prepared August 7, 1987 by Ruthanne Heriot. Revised July 6, 2004 by David Nathanson