Introduction to the NPS Wayside Exhibit Grids
By Chad Beale
Video length: 16:05
Hello and welcome to the Wayside Exhibits Grids Introduction video tutorial.
My name is Chad Beale and I’ll be your guide throughout the entire video.
Before we begin I want to point out that today’s demonstration will be in InDesign CS3 which you can see here.
So let’s get started.
As you can see I’ve already downloaded a grid, the 36 by 24, and I’ll be using that for the example.
If you haven’t already downloaded the grids, you can get them at the website that is on your screen (http://www.nps.gov/hfc/products/waysides/way-grids.htm).
Once you have them downloaded, you can just click on the size you want.
So again we’ll be using this 36 by 24 as our example.
So let’s get right into the orientation.
You’ll see these guides show up, and the vertical pink guides that you see here are the column guides and the red guides which, if I zoom in here you’ll see, are bleed guides.
As you can see, the black bar here overextends into the bleed.
You want to use these bleed guides that run all the way around...
They are for bleeding your graphics.
Any full bleed graphics that you decide to use you should stretch the picture boxes to that red line and not just to the document size.
That’s required for any method that you choose to print whether that’s inkjet or porcelain or whatever you use.
In addition to guides, the column guides and bleed guides, there’s also a baseline grid.
The baseline grid is an underlying structure for aligning graphics and type.
To turn it on, go under View, Guides & Grids, Show Baseline Grid.
You can see immediately there are many, many lines that show up.
I’m going to zoom in so we can take a better look at the baseline grid.
For all the wayside exhibit grids, the baseline grid is spaced a quarter-inch apart.
You can see many elements are aligned to the baseline grid including the capture bar.
The title text here is also aligned to the baseline grid.
So no matter where I move this on the page, the baseline of the text will always align to the baseline grid.
In addition to the title bar, it’s useful for aligning graphics.
So if for instance we would draw a series of picture boxes...
Let’s draw a few here...
I’ll copy and paste a few...
And I’ll fill these with color...
For now I’ll just show you an example...
There we go...
So if I want to draw a text block beneath those, I can use the baseline grid to get exactly a quarter inch apart from my graphics.
As you can see, anything I draw on with the baseline grid snaps to it.
If I wanted to fill that with placeholder text, I’d come up here to my Paragraph Styles and change that to Caption text...
There we go.
As I was saying before, if I didn’t want to copy and paste my graphics, I could just use the baseline grid to know exactly how high my picture boxes are.
So instead of trying to guess how high something is, or how wide it is, you can simply just turn on the baseline grid.
So let’s delete those.
Let’s shut the baseline grid off.
One thing I wanted to show you about the title, since we’re zoomed in...
The reason we have the title as an element on the grid when you first get them is...
It uses a feature called optical alignment.
As you can see, the edge of the T here is actually overhanging the text box.
What that does is it helps with letters like T or W where if they’re moved over where the edge was aligned, it would appear that it’s to the right further than it should.
That is not a paragraph style...
We can’t include that in the paragraph styles...
So what we do is we just turn it on by default so it gives you a title that is already preset for this optical alignment.
The way you access that is you go up to Type, it’s under Story, and you can see we have it turned on.
It’s set at the size of our title, which is actually 108 points in this case.
So that’s why we have it preset for you.
It’s the only element on the grids that uses that feature.
You can use it with your main paragraph text as well, but it’s not built into the paragraph styles.
So let’s zoom out.
The next thing we’ll go over is the simulated overbar.
As you can see, this black, gradient blend bar that’s on the top and bottom...
That doesn’t print.
It’s there strictly to only show you what the panel looks like when it’s captured inside a wayside exhibit base.
That can be turned on and off.
It’s comes default on, but you can go to the Layers palette and turn it off if you don’t want to see it...
Just like that.
This leads into the assembling of the layers in the grid.
As you can see, from the last version we’ve increased the number of layers to help you determine where your information should go.
The first layer’s the text layer.
It is important that that’s on top and it’s also important that any text you do create...
As you can see the title text here is in that text layer...
It’s important that you keep all your text in that layer.
The biggest issue is transparency within InDesign.
If you have any graphics that rely on transparency, either from Adobe PhotoShop or Adobe Illustrator, or that you create right in InDesign, that the text be on top.
It keeps you from having a lot more problems.
So that’s why that’s on top.
The next layer you see in yellow here is this Frame and Slug.
The Frame deals with this overbar that I mentioned previously and also deals with this Slug which is an information bar at the bottom.
The next one is Graphics, which is pretty self-explanatory.
You keep all your graphics on this layer, no matter where they’re from, Illustrator, Photoshop, or anywhere else you get your graphics from.
The next layer that we want to show is Guides.
As you can see, this default is a locked layer.
To create Guides in that layer, you simply just uncheck the lock and create either horizontal or vertical guides, however you want to draw them out on your layout.
They are not locked by default.
Since they’re on this layer, you can continue to move them around as you wish.
When you want to lock them, simply come up here and turn the lock key on and now you won’t be able to move your guides.
This is a new layer called the Legacy Full Frame Guide.
What that means is the grids are now more compatible with older...
We refer to them as the Hopewell Base...
The full-frame base, so to speak...
It can show you how the full frame will be captured around your wayside exhibit.
When you turn them on, you’ll see they are grey in color and they show both horizontal and vertical guides.
OK, that’s a little bit about the layers.
Let’s close that.
Now, since we’re zoomed in, let’s look at this ID bar, which has the name of the national park, so you fill out your park ID.
Again, it’s pre-sized for this size of grid.
The size of the black band is the same throughout the series.
If you zoom in over here you can see the department ID and also the NPS arrowhead, which is now in full color and about 150% larger than it was previously.
Previously it was black and white.
All these items, this ID, the arrowhead, and the black band are all locked, and can’t be moved.
This prevents you from accidentally moving these elements around on your page.
The next feature we want to go over are Paragraph Styles.
You can access them though these palettes, or you can access them through Window, under Type & Tables.
The Paragraph Styles are simply preformatted text size and color for the different text elements on your page.
So for instance, you can see we’ve got the exhibit title here, the main text, captions, and now we have quotes.
Under each one of these there are both a black and white version for you to use.
They list the size, the type, which in the case of the main text, the type is 30 point.
And the next number listed is the leading value.
So you can quickly see what those are.
And they’re very simple to use.
You simply just create a text box and, again, make sure you’re on the text layer.
Create a text box.
Select the Paragraph Style you’d like to use.
For example, I’ll use the Black Main Text, and I’m just going to come up here to the Type menu and fill in some placeholder text for you to see.
You can see it comes in sized according to the style sheet.
If I want to change that, if I want to use that in caption text, I simply come down and hit Caption, and it automatically sizes it.
So those are the style sheets.
Again, they’ve expanded since the last version of grids.
We’ve included quotes, and now some light text is also there if you have a dark background image.
Now I want to show you the information tag down at the bottom, what elements are in that.
Let’s zoom in and take a look at that.
The first thing you notice again is the size listed, the size of your grid.
This next element which says 40% OF ACTUAL SIZE...
Each grid has sometimes a different value there.
What that means, doesn’t mean the actual grid or document is 40% of actual size.
That is the size when you print it in tabloid format on your printer, that’s the size it will be.
So if you’re printing tabloid, you’ve actually output this grid at 40%, and this text is automatically scaled for that size.
So no matter what grid you pick up, even if you picked up a 36 by 48 upright, that percentage is actually 28%.
But when all of these are printed out on 11 x 17, these tag lines of this information bar, the size is all the same.
So you won’t end up with a 36 by 24 with this information tag being 10 point type, and on a 36 by 48 it would be 5 point type.
It’s all pre-scaled for this 11 x 17 tabloid size.
The next thing is the date.
This is a new feature of the 2.5 grids.
This is called a text variable within InDesign.
You never need to touch it.
It automatically updates itself based on the modification date of the file.
So if you open it up and make changes, this will automatically update.
It’s a really nice feature.
So you never need to actually change that.
Park name of course...
Then you fill out the exhibit number.
Let’s look at the File Info option for the grid.
This is handy if you ever need to know what version of grid you are using.
The name itself of the grid doesn’t change, but the version number does.
So if you’re ever curious as to what version of grid you have, if you just go under File and File Information in InDesign, you can see the title...
Myself as the author of the grid...
And also lists the version and date.
So with further revisions or updates, you’ll be able to tell whether you have the latest version.
So that’s it.
That’s a brief introduction to the grids...
A little orientation about their structure.
I hope you enjoyed it.
And if you have any further questions, please contact me directly at 304-535-6451.
Or you can send an email to Chad_Beale@nps.gov.
Again, my name is Chad Beale, and this has been the Wayside Exhibits Grids video.
(March 20, 2009)