Specially adapted large mammals such as bison, pronghorn, wapiti (elk), and wolves once lived on Iowa's prairies. Now, only whitetail deer and coyote remain in the area near the National Historic Site. Smaller mammals such as red fox, pocket gophers, mice, and moles still abound in the restored prairie. Big brown bats fly overhead in the night sky catching insects. Raccoons, opossum, eastern cottontail, and squirrels also enjoy the protection of the national historic site. Download an inventory of mammal species (PDF file) »
Did You Know?
General Land Office surveyors who first came to Iowa commented that the territory was fit only for waterfowl. Eighty-five percent of Iowa used to be soggy tallgrass prairie. More...