• Halema`uma`u Just Before Dawn

    Hawai'i Volcanoes

    National Park Hawai'i

Plan Your Visit - 公园游览计划

 

Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park 夏威夷火山国家公园

Experience the heartbeat of a volcanic landscape 体验让人心潮澎湃的火山景观及地貌

Volcanoes are monuments to earth's origin, evidence that its primordial forces are still at work. during a volcanic eruption, we are reminded that our planet is an ever-changing environment whose basic processes are beyond human control. As much as we have altered the face of the earth to suit our needs, we can only stand in awe before the power of an eruption.

火山是地球起源的原始证据。火山的喷发提醒我们,我们的地球家园是一个不断变化的环境,其基本变化原则超出人类的掌控之外。在人类尽其所能改变地球满足自身需求的同时,面对火山喷发等自然现象,我们只能心怀敬畏。

 

Plan your visit 公园游览计划

Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is a fascinating world of active volcanism, biological diversity, and Hawaiian culture, past and present.

夏威夷火山国家公园是一个神奇而迷人的地方。这里拥有地球上最活跃的火山、丰富的生物多样性、独特的夏威夷文化,是一个过去与现在碰撞、交融的神奇地方。

Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is easily visited by car in just a few hours or may be explored in more depth over several days. Here are some recommendations when planning your visit to the park:

夏威夷火山国家公园可开车进入,花几个小时完成初略游览;如时间充裕,也可以花几天的时间进行深入的探索。下面我们提供了几点帮助您游览公园的建议:

 

One to 4 hour visit? 1-4个小时游览

If you have only one to three hours, explore the summit of Kīlauea volcano via crater rim drive; an 11-mile road that encircles the summit Caldera, passes through desert, lush tropical rain forest, traverses the caldera floor, and provides access to well-marked scenic stops and short walks. (Crater Rim Drive is closed between Jaggar Museum and the Chain of Craters Road junction due to volcanic activity in Halema'uma'u Crater).

如果您只有3-4个小时,建议您沿基拉韦厄火山口环线公路游览,这条全长11英里的双车道公路环绕整个基拉韦厄巨大破火山口,穿过沿途经过沙漠地带、热带雨林等不同景观。途中均有醒目的景点及徒步线路标牌提示,供您驻车欣赏。(自2008年哈雷茂茂火山口喷发以来,火山口环线公路从贾格尔博物馆(Jaggar Museum)到"火山口环线公路"(Crater Rim Drive)与"火山口之路"(Chain of Craters Road)交叉处之间的路段封闭。)

Stop 1

游览第一站

Start your visit at the Kīlauea Visitor Center located just beyond the park's entrance station. The park is open 24 hours a day year round. Kīlauea Visitor Center is open daily from 7:45 a.m. to 5:00 pm. Here, you will receive the latest information on trails, ranger-led activities, road conditions, and safety precautions. Because of the dynamic nature of the two active volcanoes, in the park, conditions can change rapidly. "Born of Fire, Born of the Sea" is the featured 25 minute film that is shown in the Kīlauea Visitor Center on the hour throughout the day, starting at 9:00 a.m. with the last film shown at 4:00p.m. check at the desk for current availability of "sound sticks" that have the soundtrack in your language.

进入公园大门后,基拉韦厄游客中心,就位于您的右手边。夏威夷火山国家公园全年每天24小时开放。基拉韦厄游客中心的开放时间是每天早上7:45到下午5:00。在游客中心您可以了解到最新的游览信息、游道开放情况、国家公园工作人员免费解说项目、安全须知等综合信息。因为公园境内拥有两座活跃的火山,游览情况可能随时变化,到游客中心了解最新信息更方便您的游览。介绍公园特色电影"萌于火,生于海",时长25分钟,从上午9点到下午4点每小时整点时在游客中心影院播出,供游客观看。公园近期制作了电影声音翻译您可到游客中心前台咨询,选择您需要语言的听筒。

Stop 2 游览第二站Jaggar Museum 贾格尔博物馆

Your next stop on the Crater Rim Drive tour will be Jaggar Museum. This is one of the busiest locations in the park. Be careful when parking. Look out for nene, the endangered Hawaiian goose.

游客中心之后,沿"火山口环线公路"出发,下一站将是贾格尔博物馆。这里是公园里最忙碌的地点之一。停车的时候请小心,注意观察路边的NeNe(珍惜野生动物,夏威夷雁)。

The Thomas A. Jaggar Museum is a museum on volcanology with displays of equipment used by scientists in the past to study the volcano, working seismographs, and an exhibit of clothing and gear from scientists who got a bit too close to lava. There is also a gift shop with books, videos, cds, maps and other special items for sale.

托马斯. 贾格尔博物馆是一个展示火山学相关知识的博物馆。馆内成列了过去科学家们研究火山的各种仪器、至今还在工作的地震仪、还展示了科学家们工作时离火山喷发岩浆太近时,被火山岩浆毁坏了的工作服等。馆内还设有纪念品店,您可购买到相关的书籍、CD、影片、地图等。

The museum has large windows which affords a sheltered view of the caldera and main crater, Halemaʻumaʻu, when weather is inclement. The overlook outside the building offers an incredible view of the volcano with interpretive displays about Kīlauea, one of the world's most active volcanoes.

博物馆靠火山口的一侧用巨大的玻璃装饰,在下雨天的时候,游客可以避雨观赏基拉韦厄破火山口及哈雷茂茂火山口。从博物馆外的观景平台,可更好的观赏整个基拉韦厄破火山口。这里布置有解说的标牌,帮助您了解世界上最活跃的火山之一--基拉韦厄火山。

The US Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is adjoining the Jaggar Museum. It is not open to the public.

美国地质调查局夏威夷火山天文台就位于贾格尔博物馆旁边,但不对公众开放。

Stop 3 游览第三站 Kilauea overlook 基拉韦厄观景台

The Kīlauea overlook is located on the left side of the road, approximately .7 miles from steaming bluffs. The road sign indicates that is a picnic area. Which it is, but it is also a splendid overlook of the Kīlauea caldera and Halemaʻumaʻu crater. The view here is similar to that found at the Jaggar Museum, but is usually much less crowded. And, it is a nice place for a picnic.

基拉韦厄观景台位于"火山口环线公路"左侧。距"地热蒸汽崖"约0.7英里。路牌标识为"基拉韦厄野餐点"。这里不仅是很好的野餐点同时也是观看基拉韦厄破火山口及哈雷茂茂火山口的最好观景点之一。您可观看到同在贾格尔博物馆一样的景观,不同的是,这里通常没有拥堵的交通,且是野餐的好地点。

The view of Kīlauea caldera from this overlook is spectacular. the caldera(a very large crater formed by collapse) is about 2 miles wide and more than 3 miles long. The highest point on the caldera's edge is near Kīlauea overlook. Halemaʻumaʻu, the main pit crater within Kīlauea caldera, is very visible from this point.

从基拉韦厄观景台您可观赏到基拉韦厄破火山口的壮观景象。破火山口(由于火山自身塌陷形成)长3英里,宽2英里,是一个巨型的破火山口。火山口边缘的最高点位于基拉韦厄观景台附近。从观景台也能观赏到基拉韦厄破火山口内的锅状火山口--哈雷茂茂火山口。

Stop 4 游览第四站

Steam vents地热蒸汽观赏点

After leaving Kīlauea visitor center, 0.8 mile ahead on the left is steam vents,. Ground water seeps down to the hot volcanic rocks in this area and returns to the surface as steam. While standing at the steam vents, take a good look around. The area between the caldera's edge and outer cliffs of Kīlauea caldera is treeless plain. The ground just a few feet down is so hot and tree roots can not survive. But shallow-rooted grasses and plants grow here.

从基拉韦厄游客中心出发,沿"火山口环线公路"0.8英里之外就是"地热蒸汽观赏点"。地下水渗透遇到炙热的火山岩石,变成水蒸气,冒出地面。站在这里,环视四周,您会发现,从火山口边缘到火山口塌陷的外沿,没有树木在生长。因为地热的原因,深根植物不能生存,只有一些浅根的植物在生长。

Steaming bluff 蒸汽崖

Visitors may enjoy the short walk on a trail leading from the steam vents parking area to steaming bluff, on the caldera's edge. The area is a grassy meadow with ground cracks and steaming concentrated in fractures along the caldera's edge.

"地热蒸汽观赏点"之后,沿着停车场附近的游道,您将来到"蒸汽崖"。"蒸汽崖"位于火山口边缘,火山口在塌陷的时候,在草地上留下裂缝,蒸汽从裂缝中冒出。

Sulphur Banks 硫磺山

Across the street from steaming bluff and the steam vent parking area is the trailhead to sulphur banks. Redesigned in 2005, this area is now wheelchair accessible along a paved path and boardwalk. At sulphur banks (Ha'a Kulamanu), volcanic gases seep out of the ground along with groundwater steam. These gases are rich in carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and hydrogen sulfide-the gas that smells like rotten eggs. Some sulfur gases deposit pure crystals at sulphur bank. Other sulfur gases from sulfuric acid which breaks down the lava to clay. This clay is stained red and brown with iron oxide. Visitors with heart or respiratory problems(such as asthma),pregnant women, infants, or young children should avoid this walk.

离开"蒸汽崖"及地热蒸汽观赏点的停车场,穿过马路,就是"硫磺山"游道的起始点。

从游客中心出发,沿一段铺设好过的小径和木板栈道(约0.6公里单边),您将来到"硫磺山"。经2005年的重新修葺后,此游道目前可供轮椅使用者使用。"硫磺山"(夏威夷语Ha'a Kulamanu),火山气体伴随着地下水蒸汽冒出地面。火山气体富含二氧化碳、二氧化硫及硫化氢(闻起来像臭鸡蛋的味道)等气体。含硫气体在地面结晶后堆积成"硫磺山"。硫酸气体同时把火山岩分解成粘土。粘土和氧化铁结合在一起形成红色或棕色。含硫气体会危害您的身体健康,请患有心脏或呼吸道疾病(如哮喘)的朋友、孕期妇女、婴儿或年幼儿童避免游览此处景点。

Stop 5 游览第五站

Kīlauea Iki overlook小基拉韦厄火山口观景台

Continuing along crater rim drive you come to Kīlauea Iki overlook. Alternately, the driver could drive to the overlook and the rest of the party could walk a 1/2 mile section of the crater rim trail to the overlook. This is also an option when the Thurston Lava Tube parking area is full.

沿火山口环线公路一直前行,您就来到了小基拉韦厄火山口观景台。司机可把车停在小基拉韦厄停车场。从停车场出发沿火山口环线徒步小道步行0.5英里就到了瑟斯顿火山溶洞。因为火山溶洞停车场经常拥堵,徒步0.5英里,也是灵活避免拥堵停车场的好办法。

Kīlauea Iki looks fairly tranquil these days. But in 1959 it was a seething lava lake, with lava fountains up to 1,900 feet. From up here it is difficult to comprehend the scale of Kīlauea Iki. The crater is a mile long, 3,000 feet across, and the floor is 400 feet below the overlook.

从观景台往下看,如今的小基拉韦厄火山口看起来如此寂静。但就在几十年前,1959年小基拉韦厄喷发的时候,这里却是一个翻滚沸腾的火山熔岩湖。小基拉韦厄喷发创造了1900英尺高的火山熔浆喷泉。从观景台上网下看,很难目测小基拉韦厄到底有多大,但小基拉韦厄火山口的实际大小是:长1英里,宽3000英尺,深400英尺。

This is the trailhead for the 4 miles loop hike around Kīlauea Iki.

小基拉韦厄观景台也是小基拉韦厄火山口徒步线路的起始点。从这里出发,环绕火山口,小径总长4英里。

Stop 6 游览第六站

Thurston Lava Tube 瑟斯顿火山溶洞

As you drive the 1/2 mile from the Kīlauea Iki overlook, the forest becomes increasingly lush. Soon you arrive at the Thurston Lava Tube.

从基拉韦厄小火山口观景台沿小径步行出发,您会发现热带雨林越来越茂密。半英里之后,您就来到了瑟斯顿火山溶洞。

A 20 minute 1/3 mile walk through a tree fern forest and a lighted prehistoric cave like lava tube awaits you. This is an excellent place to stop and listen to the birds. Watch carefully and you may see the red apapane feeding among the equally red ohi'a blossoms.

躲藏在树蕨林里的史前火山溶洞正在这里悄然地等着你。洞里有灯光照明,溶洞全长1/3英里,步行20分钟即可游览完成。同时,这里也是很好的观鸟景点。仔细观察,在火红的俄希亚(Ohi'a)花朵上,正在采蜜的白臀蜜鸟(apapane)正在采蜜呢。

This lava tube was discovered in 1913 by Lorrin Thurston, a local newspaper publisher. At that time the roof of the tube was covered with lava stalactites, but those soon disappeared to souvenir collectors.

罗令. 瑟斯顿(一位当地的报纸出版商)于1913年发现了该火山溶洞。刚被发现的时候,溶洞顶部布满了钟乳石。但这些钟乳石很快便沦为了收藏家们的收藏品。

As you walk through the tube consider that several hundred years ago a river of red lava rushed through. And that lava currently travels from Puʻu ʻŌʻō to the ocean in labyrinth of lava tubes much like the tube you are walking through. Watch your head in the tube- there are some spots with low ceiling!

当您穿过溶洞的时候,设想几百年前火红的火山熔浆从这里滚滚流过,一路流进大海。就像现今正在喷发的普呜噢噢火山口(Puʻu Ōʻō)一样,推动大量的火山熔浆从迷宫一样的火山溶洞流进大海。走在溶洞里,请注意低头,有几个地方溶洞顶很低。

 

More than four hours? 多于四个小时的游览?

If you have more than 4 hours, you may also explore the east rift and coastal area of the park via Chain of Craters Road. this road descends 3700 feet in 20 miles and ends where a 2003 lava flow crossed the road.

如果您有超过四个小时的游览安排,沿火山口之路参观基拉韦厄东部裂陷带及海岸区是不二的选择。火山口之路单边20英里,从基拉韦厄山巅蜿蜒至海岸线,海拔下降3700英尺。到达海岸线时,因为被1986年以来连续的火山熔浆流覆盖,公路从这里戛然而止。

 

Visit the Pu'u loa petroglyphs, a .7 mile hike from the road. Puʻu loa, translated as the "long hill" or " Hill of long life" from Hawaiian, is a place considered sacred to the people of Hawaii, and those of Kalapana in particular.

普呜罗亚岩石刻画区(Pu'u Loa),需步行一条0.7 英里的徒步小径。夏威夷语普呜罗亚翻译为"长山"或"长寿命的山",对于夏威夷人特别是当地卡拉帕那人来说,是一个神圣的地方。

Located in the ahupua (an ancient Hawaiian land division) of panau nui on the southern flank of Kilauea volcano, pu'u loa is the name of the site which contains a vast area covered with incredible numbers of pecked images in the harden lava, images known as petroglyphs. The archaeological site of pu'u loa contains over 23000 petroglyph images; motifs containing cupules or holes (84% of the total), motifs of circles, other geometric as well as cryptic designs, human representations known as anthropomorphs, canoe sails, and even feathered cape motifs.

普呜罗亚(Pu'u Loa)位于基拉韦厄火山的南翼,属于阿呼普阿阿地区(Ahupua'a是古代夏威夷土地区划的一个区域)的一个部分。普呜罗亚区包含很大面积的岩石刻画,有超过23000个刻画图案,规模宏大。图案形状各异,包括杯状或洞(占所有图案的84%)、独木舟、甚至是族首领的羽毛披风图案。

Lava flow activity is always changing. Check at the Kīlauea visitor center for the most current information. No food, water or fuel is available along the Chain of Craters Road.

火山喷发及熔浆流的情况随时在变化,请到基拉韦厄游客中心咨询最新相关信息。温馨提示:火山口之路全程没有水、食物及加油站等服务,请提前做好游览准备。

 

Explore the park by foot 徒步游览公园

Hikers will find an abundance of trails to satisfy their curiosity. Day hikes and wilderness hikes offer great adventures for visitors who wish to explore beyond the roadways

背包客及徒步旅客会发现公园内有多个徒步选择以满足他们的游览需求。

One of the most popular hikes is Kīlauea Iki, descend 400 feet through native rain forest into a crater and hike across a hardened lava lake still steaming from the 1959 eruption. Park at the Kīlauea Iki overlook to begin your 2-3 hour hike with a spectacular view. (4miles/6.4 km loop trail).

环基拉韦厄小火山口徒步小径(Kīlauea Iki)是公园最受欢迎的徒步线路之一。1959年,小基拉韦厄喷发,形成了400英尺(122米)深的火山熔岩湖。经过几十年的冷却,熔岩湖表面早已硬化,但熔岩湖的中心仍在冷却释放热量,至今,还能看到从底部冒出来的水蒸气。小基拉韦厄徒步线穿过火山熔岩湖,带您体验小基拉韦厄火山口的独特魅力。徒步线路全长4英里。

 

Did You Know?

The Kamehameha Butterfly is orange and black, with white spots.

Only two butterflies found in Hawai`i are native. The Kamehameha Butterfly (Vanessa tameamea) is Hawai`i's state insect, brightly colored, and larger than the Blackburn's blue (Udara blackburni).