• Halema`uma`u Just Before Dawn

    Hawai'i Volcanoes

    National Park Hawai'i

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  • April 16, 2014 - Mauna Loa Update

    The recent wind advisory has been lifted and Mauna Loa has reopened for backcountry hiking and camping at Red Hill and the Summit.  However, More »

On the Road 安全行车

 

Careful preparation eases the strain of traveling to new environments. Planning ahead can often make the difference between a good trip and a great trip.

到一个新的地方旅行,提前做好精心的出行准备总会让旅行更加轻松惬意。

Visiting an active volcano has its own inherent hazards and advance preparation is recommended.

到火山地区旅游具有其独特的危险性,提前做好游览准备、未雨绸缪显得更为重要。

Your safety 安全须知

Hawaii Volcanoes National Park encompasses two of the world's most active volcanoes: Kīlauea and Mauna Loa. This is a very dynamic natural area with many dangers. Educate yourself as to the hazards. Common sense is not enough. Stay Alert - stay alive!

夏威夷火山国家公园拥有最活跃的两座活火山--基拉韦厄火山及冒那罗亚火山。强烈的火山活动为游览增加了潜在的危险。到这里旅游与普通的旅游不一样,生活常识并不足以解决所有的实际问题。提前学习火山危害及防范知识,保证健康安全的出游--安全第一!

 

Drive courteously and defensively. Use seatbelts and headlights. Watch for pedestrians and bicyclists. Avoid the endangered nene goose.

请礼貌驾车,并注意自我防御。在驾车的过程中系好安全带、使用头灯。小心行人、自行车及过往车辆。注意观察路边的Nene(夏威夷雁)保证它们的安全。

Trails 游道及徒步小径

Stay on marked trails! Vegetation or cinders may hide deep cracks in the ground. Use caution near cliffs, cracks, and steam vents. The edges of these features are unstable and can be slippery. Keep your children safe.

游览途中,请不要离开游道!游道之外的小树丛及草丛下面就可能隐藏着巨大的裂缝。特别是火山口周围的悬崖、裂缝及蒸汽喷口等地,容易滑倒,一定要多加留意、注意照看好您的小孩。

Hiking over cracks and holes, loose rock, and thin lave crust greatly increases your risk of getting hurt. Falling on lava may result in severe wounds.

锋利而不平稳的火山岩石、裂开的地缝、坑洼的小道都会增加您跌倒、受伤的风险。在火山岩上行走,万一失足,会造成严重的受伤。

Carry and drink plenty of water 一定要携带足够的水,徒步过程中要多喝水

Avoid hiking after dark (cracks, cravasses, and cliffs look like shadows-depth is not evident in the dark).

避免天黑后徒步(天黑以后,地缝、山崖等看起来都像阴影,看出出来有多深,夜间徒步危险)。

 

Volcanic fumes 火山烟雾

Fumes (volcanic gasses) are hazardous to everyone's health. Visitors with heart or breathing problems and infants, young children, and pregnant women are especially at risk and should avoid being in areas where fumes persist.

火山烟雾(主要为二氧化硫气体)会危害您的身体健康。婴幼儿、孕期妇女、有心脏或呼吸道疾病的游客及其他敏感人群应该尽量避免火山烟雾浓密的地段。

The eruptive vent in Halema'uma'u Crater (since 2008), Sulphur Banks, and Pu'u 'Ō'ō vent (since 1983) generate high levels of gasses that may affect visitors-even those visitors who are healthy.

如下为高浓度火山烟雾分布的区域:哈雷茂茂火山口(自2008年至今一直活动)、硫磺山、普呜噢噢火山口(自1983年至今一直活动喷发)。此部分区域有浓密的火山烟雾,即便是对健康人群(非敏感人群)也会造成不同程度的身体危害。

Concentrations of these gasses is often dependent on wind direction. Hawai'i 's normal trade wind pattern generally blows gasses, emitted from the two main vents on Kīlauea, away from most visitor areas. However, even on a trade wind day, fumes from Pu'u 'Ō'ō and Halema'uma'u may cross a roadway or linger in other areas of the park. in this event, close your car windows and run the air conditioning on recycled air and leave the area.

火山烟雾的浓度及分布还决定于风吹的方向。岛上一般都有吹向西南方向的信风,把火山烟雾吹走。但是,即便有信风的天气,从两大活动的火山口(哈雷茂茂及普呜噢噢)喷出的火山烟雾,还是会不同程度地出现在部分路段。遇到此类情况,请回到车内,摇紧车窗,尽快离开此区域。

There are times when the park will close due to high levels of volcanic gasses. Be flexible-closures are initiated for visitor and employee safety.

基于对您及公园工作人员的健康及安全考虑,我们可能会视情况关闭部分景点。请灵活安排您的游览日程。

Near the ocean 海岸区域

The park's coastline does not include safe beaches or swimming areas that visitor may drive to. Expect strong winds, steep and unstable sea cliffs, and high waves.

公园境内的海岸线区域内没有可安全游玩的海滩区域,没有可以游泳的地带。海边风大、海浪大、有陡峭的海崖,请注意安全。

Volcanic eruptions 火山喷发

Volcanic eruptions can occur at any time and can be extremely hazardous. Even from a distance, gasses and fallout (pele's hair, pumice and cinder) can cause lung and eye irritation.

活火山随时有可能会喷发或活动,火山喷发会对您的身体健康带来危害。火山烟雾、火山灰尘等会造成肺部或眼部感染。

 

Lodging 住宿

The Volcano House Hotel

Located within Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park and nestled on the rim of Kīlauea caldera, the Volcano House Hotel facility with its unique charm, has captured the hearts of local islanders and travelers from all over the world. As Hawai'i's oldest continually operated hotel, with a history dating back to 1846, the Volcano House Hotel has offered spectacular views and warm hospitality for decades.

火山之家旅馆

火山旅馆坐落于国家公园内,就建在基拉韦厄破火山口边缘,是俯瞰基拉韦厄破火山口及哈雷茂茂火山口的绝佳地点。自1846年营业至今,它的独特魅力不仅吸引了当地居民,还接待了来自世界各地的宾朋。

The Volcano House Hotel is just a short walk across crater rim drive from park headquarters and the Kīlauea Visitor Center. From Hilo: 30 miles southwest From Hilo 30 miles southwest on highway 11 (a 45 minute drive); from Kailua-Kona: 96 miles southeast on Highway 11(2 to 2 1/2 hour drive), or 125 miles through Waimea and Hilo via highways 19 and 11 (2 1/2 to 3 hours).

火山之家旅馆就坐落在公园内,在基拉韦厄游客中心对面,穿过马路,经短暂步行就可以到达。从希洛(Hilo)出发,沿11号高速公路往西南方向开,距希洛30英里,45分钟左右车程;从科纳(Kona)出发,沿11号高速公路往东南方向开,距科纳96英里,2-2个半小时车程;或者从外梅尔小镇(Waimea)沿19号高速公路,经希洛后转11号高速公路到国家公园,全程125英里,需2个半-3个小时。

Facilities include 32 rooms, (20 crater view, 12 non-crater view) dining room, Uncle George's lounge, 2 gift shops and a snack bar. Ten camper cabins are operated by Volcano House Hotel and are located in Namakanipaio Campground.

旅馆内设施:火山之家旅馆共有32个房间(其中20个可以俯瞰火山口,另外的12个不能看到火山口)、餐厅、"乔治大叔"休息室、2个礼品店及一个零食售柜。Namakanipaio 野营区内的10个小木屋也由火山之家旅馆经营管理。

 

Camping 露营

There are two drive-in campgrounds in Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park, Namakanipaio and Kulanaokuaiki. Entrance fees to Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park apply and may be paid at the entrance station.

公园内有两处可开车直接到达的露营场所。Namakanipaio营地及Kulanaokuaiki营地。露营不单独收费,购买公园门票即可使用此两处露营场所。

Drive-in camping is available on a first-come basis. No reservations and no permits are necessary. Stays are limited to 7-days in a month and cannot exceed 30days per year.

到此两处露营地露营本着先到先得的原则,不需预订、不需许可证。但每人每月只能最多露营7天,一年内在此处露营时间不超过30天。

Namakanipaio Campground, is located 31 1/2miles south of Hilo on Highway 11 at 4000' elevation. It is a large, open grassy area with tall eucalyptus and 'ohia trees. This campground has restrooms, water, picnic tables, and barbecue pits. Campfires are permitted in the barbeque pits only. These are shared facilities with just a few individual sites.

Namakanipaio 露营场地位于希洛以南(11号高度公路),31.5英里处,海拔高度为4000英尺。Namakanipaio是一片开阔的草地,有高大的桉树和俄希亚树。营地设有厕所、饮用水、野餐桌、烧烤坑等公用设施。只允许在烧烤坑内燃火。这些公用设施有限,供露营者共同分享使用。

Weather can be cool and damp year-round. Daytime temperature range 60s to 70s F. Nighttime temperature range: high 30s to 50s degrees F. we suggest that you use a tent with a good rainfly and bring warm clothing for cool days and evenings.

夏威夷火山国家公园位于热带雨林中,全年雨水多,天气阴凉湿润。白天气温变化范围为 60-70华氏度;夜间气温变化为30-50华氏度。我们建议您露营时携带防雨帐篷,同时携带保暖的衣服。

 

Service in Volcano Village, located right outside the park:

火山村内提供的游客服务火山村位于公园附近(公园外)

Stores 商店

Two small village grocery stores and a hardware store are located in Volcano Village. The nearest large shopping area is in Hilo (31 1/2 miles away, 45 minutes drive).

火山村内有两家不大的杂货店及一家五金商店。离公园最近的购物中心位于希洛(距公园31.5 英里,45分钟车程)。

Laundry 洗衣店

A Laundromat is located at the rear of the Thai Thai Restaurant/Volcano True Value Hardware store in Volcano Village.

在泰泰餐厅(ThaiThai)及火山村真价五金店(True Value)背后有一家自助洗衣店。

Weather and Climate 气候及温度

Island weather is unpredictable. Visitors should be prepared for rain and wear layers of clothing to ensure their comfort while exploring the park.

海岛的气温变化无常、难于预测。游客应该做好应对阴雨、寒冷天气的准备,携带防雨保暖的衣服,确保舒服的游览。

Local weather at Kīlauea's summit (4000' elevation) varies daily and may be rainy and chilly any time of the year. Temperature varies by elevation. At the summit of the volcano, temperatures may be 12 to 15 degrees cooler than at the sea level. The coastal plain at the end of chain of craters road, where lava crossed the road in 2003, is often hot, dry, and windy with the possibility of passing showers.

基拉韦厄山顶的海拔高度为4000英尺,一天之内的气温变化很快。每个季节都可能遇到阴雨天气,寒冷潮湿。随海拔高度的变化,不同地段的气温也随之变化。山顶气温通常比海边气温低12-15华氏度。海岸线地带(火山口之路末端),气温通常较热、干燥、多风、还可能会有阵雨。

Accessibility 可到达度

The Kīlauea Visitor Center, Jaggar Museum, Volcano House Hotel, and Volcano Art Center are wheelchair accessible.

轮椅使用者:基拉韦厄游客中心、贾格尔博物馆、火山之家旅馆及火山艺术中心都可使用轮椅。

Pullouts along Crater Rim Drive and Chain of Craters Road afford panoramic views of the park.

火山口环线公路及火山口之路沿路上的临时停车区域提供了靠边停车观景的场所。

Accessible pathways include Waldron Ledge (earthquake trail), Devastation Trail, Pauahi Crater, Muliwai a Pele, and Kealakomo Overlook.

轮椅可到达的游道(小径)有:沃尔德伦石墙(地震小道)、毁灭小道(devastation trail)Pauahi 火山口, Muliwai a pele Kealakomo 瞭望台。

Campgrounds 营地

Namakanipaio campground has restrooms with water and moderately accessible campsites.

Kulanaokuaiki campground has 2 accessible campsites, an accessible toilet, but no water.

Namakanipaio营地设有厕所、饮用水等公用设施,轮椅使用者可到达扎营地。

Kulanaokuaiki 营地有两个轮椅使用者可到达的扎营点,有轮椅使用者可使用的厕所。但该营地没有饮用水。

Drinking water 饮用水

Kīlauea Visitor Center, Jaggar Museum, Thurston lava tube, and Namakanipaio campground all have drinking water.

基拉韦厄游客中心、贾格尔博物馆、瑟斯顿火山溶洞及Namakanipaio露营地都有饮用水。

Restrooms 公用厕所

Kīlauea Visitor Center, Kīlauea Overlook, Jaggar Museum, Thurston Lava Tube, Namakanipaio campground, Kīpukapuaulu picnic area, Mauna Ulu, Kulanaokuaiki campground and the turnaround at the end of chain of the craters road all have restrooms.

基拉韦厄游客中心、基拉韦厄观景台、贾格尔博物馆、瑟斯顿火山溶洞、Namakanipaio露营地、Kīpukapuaulu野餐点、Mauna UluKulanaokuaiki露营地、及火山口之路末端都有公用厕所。

Wheelchairs 轮椅提供

Wheelchairs are available for use at Kīlauea Visitor Center and the Jaggar museum.

在基拉韦厄游客中心及贾格尔博物馆有供轮椅使用者使用的轮椅。

 

Did You Know?

Waha`ula Visitor Center surrendering to lava.

From 1983 to 1991, lava flows repeatedly invaded communities on Kīlauea's coastal south flank burying eight miles of highway and destroying 181 houses and a visitor center in Hawai`i Volcanoes National Park.