Lesson Plan

Our Volcano Island: Grade 2

Kīlauea Caldera and Halema‘uma‘u Crater
Kīlauea Caldera and Halema‘uma‘u Crater
NPS Photo


Meeting inside the caldera or an active, erupting volcano; we learn about the science and traditions regarding not only Kīlauea volcano, but the birth of all of the Hawaiian archipelago. Students discover the continued activity Hawaiian volcanoes continue producing till this very day.


  • Learn what volcanoes are
  • Learn the current theory of the formation of Hawaii
  • Learn the traditional history of the formation of the archipelago
  • Understand process of formation
  • Learn the basic formations created by all volcanoes


Jagger Museum is located within Kīlauea Caldera, overlooking Halema'uma'u Crater and the current eruption of Kīlauea volcano. This is traditionally the home of the Hawaiian akua Pelehonuamea and the current heart of Hawai'i's famed volcanism. A number of tools and terms are utilized by scientists to understand the current and past activity of the volcano; as well as the origins of the Hawaiian archipelago.



lava, eruption, seismograph, ‘a‘ā, pāhoehoe, volcano, caldera